The China History Podcast

In this first of two episodes Laszlo gives Qin Shihuang, the subject of the first ever China History Podcast episode, a total makeover.  

The Historic Teas of China: Check it out right here:  http://www.teasenz.com/historic-teas-china-gift-box

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Qin Shi Huang  秦始皇 The first emperor of China, Qin Dynasty founder

Y.K. Pao  包玉  Featured in CHP-124, HK tycoon and philanthropist

Zhongguo ren   中国人  A Chinese

Zhao    Zhao State  in the Yellow River Valley

Qi     Qi State  near Shandong

Chu   楚国  Chu State  near Hubei

Yue   越国  Yue State  near Zhejiang

Ba   巴国  Ba State near Chongqing

Shu  蜀国  Shu State near Chengdu

Zhou   周朝  The Zhou Dynasty

Yan   燕国  Yan State near Beijing

Xia   夏朝  The Xia Dynasty, mythical they say it was...

Shang   商朝  The Shang Dynasty

Sima Qian     China's Herodotus

Shiji     The Records of the Grand Historian by Sima Qian

Song dynasty   宋朝  The Song Dynasty

Lintong, Shaanxi   西  Town outside Xian where the terra cotta warriors were found

Puyi     China's Last Emperor

Ying     The surname of the Qin Kings and Dukes

Ying Zheng   嬴政  Qin Shihuang's name

Ying Zhuangxiang   秦庄襄王  Qin Shihuang's father

Wei River  渭河  One of the major tributaries of the Yellow River

Xian   西安  Capital of Shaanxi, one of China's most ancient cities.

Gansu     Western Province in China

Tianshui   天水  Gansu's second largest city after Lanzhou

Rong      "Barbarian" people to the west and north of the core China

Si Yi    四夷  The "Four Barbarians"

Dongyi   One of the four "barbarians"

Beidi   北狄  One of the four "barbarians"

Nanman  南蛮  One of the four "barbarians"

Duke Xiang   秦襄公Qin leader 777-766 BCE

Ji Family   家族  The Zhou Dynasty ruling family

Luoyang   洛阳  Eastern capital of the Zhou Dynasty

Chengzhou   成周  Ancient name of Luoyang

Zhou King Ping   周平王 Zhou King 770-720

Duke Wen   秦文公   Qin ruler 765-716 BCE

Shaanxi and Shanxi   西山西Neighboring provinces that almost sound the same

Hubei  湖北  Central China province

Henan   河南  Central China province

Hebei   河北  North-central China province

Shandong    North eastern province of China

Anhui   安徽  Central China province

Yu the Great   大禹  Xia Dynasty Founder

Huaxia   Ancient core China early name

Qin Mu Gong   秦穆公  Qin Ruler 659-621

Bawang  霸王  A hegemon

Wu State   吴国  State around Suzhou-Wuxi area

King Helü   阖闾  King of Wu  514-496 BCE

The Battle of Jìnyáng  金阳之 Battle of Jinyang 455-453 BCE

Taiyuan   太原  Capital of Shanxi

Zhi state  智国  The Zhi state, annihilated at the Battle of Jinyang

San Jia Fen Jìn   三家分晋   the Partition of Jin between 434 and 403 BCE.

Qi Xiong   七雄  The final seven warring states

Linzi     just east of modern day Zibo

Shang Yang  商鞅  Great Qin statesman, helped make the Qin. 390-338 BCE

Pi  錍  A kind of ancient weapon similar to a dagger on a long stick

Ren duo hao ban shi  人多好  When you have a lot of people to do the job, it's much easier.

Shi    knight, scholar

Zaixiang  宰相  chancellor or chief minister

Duke Xiao  秦孝公  Qin Xiao Gong He lived 381 to 338 BCE

chelie    death by being pulled apart by 5 chariots

zhulian jiuzu   九族 a.k.a. the zuzhu    That meant when Shang Yang went down, so did his whole family: parents, grandparents, children, grandchildren, siblings, uncles and uncle's spouses...they all had to go.

Xiang Yu    The hegemon of Chu State, fought Liu Bang and lost.  Featured in CHP episode 91

Liu Bang   刘邦  Han Dynasty founder

Shang Jun Shu商君or just the Shangzi  商子  credited to Shang Yu, the blueprint fort Legalism and how to run the Qin State.

Han Feizi   非子lived from 280 to 236 BCE The man who made Legalism famous

Fan Sui  范睢  died 255 BCE, gave his king the strategy of yuanjiao jingong.  

yuan jiao jin gong   远交近攻   Make allies of those far away in order to focus on defeating those who are nearby.

King Zhaoxiang  昭襄王   Qin leader, reined 306-251 BCE

Battle of Changping   长平之战The bloody battle where the Qin demolished the Zhao 262-260 BCE

Direct download: CHP-157-The_Rise_and_Fall_of_the_Qin_Part_1.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 11:47pm EST