Sun, 19 January 2014
In this episode we revisit the founding of the Tang Dynasty and focus in on the events leading up to, during and right after the Incident at Xuanwu Gate. This slice of historic theater took place on July 2, 626. It resulted in the victory of Li Shimin over his two brothers. Not long afterwards Li Shimin was promoted by his father to the emperorship and reigned as Tang Taizong.
TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE
Chang’an 长安 Ancient capital of the Tang and other dynasties. Located in present day Xian
Xuanwu men zhi biàn 玄武门之变 The Incident at Xuanwu Gate
Zizhi Tongjian 资治通鉴 The Comprehensive Mirror to Aid in Government
Sima Qian 司马迁 Considered China’s greatest ancient historian, writer of the Records of the Grand Historian (the 史记）
Sima Guang 司马光 Credited with compiling the The Comprehensive Mirror to Aid in Government
Ouyang Xiu 欧阳修 Song dynasty official and all-around universal man featured in CHP-071.
Wang Anshi 王安石 Early Song Dynasty official responsible for instituting some major reforms
Tang Huiyao 唐会要 The Institurtional History of the Tang, written by Wang Pu
Zhao Kuangyin 赵匡胤 Song dynasty founder, The Taizu Emperor
Wang Pu 王浦 Credited with the writing of the Tang Huiyao
Tang Shu 唐书 The (Old) Book of Tang
Xin Tang Shu 新唐书 The New Book of Tang
Tong Dian 通典 The Comprehensive Statutes
Li Shimin 李世民 Known as The emperor Tang Taizong 唐太宗, as well as the Prince of Qin and the Duke of Dunhuang
Li Yuan 李渊 Known as the emperor Tang Gaozu 唐高祖
Li Jiancheng 李建成 The Crown Prince also known as the Duke of Longxi
Li Yuanji 李元吉 Youngest son of Li Yuan, also known as the Prince of Qi
Li Zhiyun 李志云 Son of Li Yuan from one of his concubines
Taiyuan 太原 Capital of Shanxi Province and power base of the Li Tang clan.
Niangzijun 娘子军 The Army of Women, let by the Princess Pingyang
Pingyang Gongzhu 平阳公主 The daughter of Li Yuan, a great military leader.
Sui Yangdi 隋炀帝 The Sui Emperor Yang
Li Hu 李虎 Grandfather of Li Yuan
Bazhuguo 八柱国 The Eight Pillars of the Western Wei
Yuwen Tai 宇文泰 Founder of the Western Wei Dynasty
Nanbei Chao 南北朝 The Southern & Northern Dynasty Period.
Li Xi 李熙 Grandfather of Li Hu
Li Tianxi 李天锡 Father of Li Hu
Li Song 李嵩 Founder of the Western Liang (西凉)
Longxi 陇西 Place in easternmost Gansu Province
Tuoba 拓拔 Clan name for many Xianbei people. The Tuoba’s founded the Northern Wei Dynasty
Liu Bang 刘邦 Founder of the Han Dynasty (Han Gaozu 汉高祖)
Wu Zetian 武则天 Concubine of Tang Taizong, wife of Tang Gaozong and later empresss of China.
Daixian 代县 Located in present day Shanxi province
Wude 武德 The Era name of the Tang Gaozu emperor
Liu Heita 刘黑闼 Sui rebel general, served under Li Mi and Wang Shichong (see below).
Dou Jiande 窦建德 Sui rebel general and enemy of the Tang
Wang Shichong 王世充 First a Sui general, then helped bring Emperor Yang down. Later defeated the other rebel leader Li Mi (see below)
Xue Ju 薛举 One of the major rebel generals who helped bring down the Sui
Li Mi 李密 One of the major rebel generals who helped bring down the Sui.
Yuwen Huaji 宇文化及 General during the Sui, later led a coup against Emperor Yang and delivered the death blow.
Jiangdu 江都 District of Yangzhou
Yangzhou 扬州 City in Jiangsu
Jiangsu 江苏 Rich province in eastern China.
Zhangsun Wuji 长孙无忌 Served as a chancellor during the time of Taizong and Gaozong.
Yuchi Jingde 尉迟敬德 Later became the Door God (门神), close ally of Taizong, he fired the arrow that killed Li Yuanji.
Fang Xuanling 房玄龄 Served together Du Ruhui (see below) as chancellor
Du Ruhui 杜如晦 Chancellor during the reign of Taizong, one of the best it’s said.
Gao Shilian 高士廉 Uncle of Taizong’s wife (Lady Dou), also a high ranking official during his reign.
Gengshen 庚申 A day in the Chinese calendar
Zhang Jieyu 张婕妤 Official during time of Tang Gaozu and Taizong
Pei Ji 裴寂 Official during Sui and Tang Dynaties, served Tang Gaozu and Taizong.
Xiao Yu 蕭瑀 Ally of Tang Gaozu and Taizong, later a high ranking official
Chen Shuda 陈叔达 Ally of Tang Taizong, later became his chancellor