The China History Podcast
CHP-133-The Song Emperor Huizong Part 2

This time in Part 2 of our series we look at Huizong as he attempts to assemble his team and deal with bitter factional strife that was rampant since the Wang Anshi New Reforms.  We also look at Huizong the great patron of the arts.

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Huizong 徽宗 Song Dynasty emperor who reigned 1100-1127

Kaifeng 开封 in Henan, Capital of the Northern Song

Jianzhong Jingguo 建中靖国 Huizong's first era name 1100-1101

Chongning  崇宁 Huizong's second era name 1102-1106

Daguan 大观 Huizong's 3rd era name 1107-1110

Nianhao 年号  Era Names

Wang Anshi  王安石 Reformer during Shenzong emperor

Zhezong 哲宗 7th Song emperor, older brother of Huizong

Han Zhongyan 韩忠彦 Senior chancellor during Huizong's reign

Zeng Bu 曾布 Junior Chief Councillor and trusted advisor to Huizong as soon as he became emperor.

Zhenzong  真宗 3rd Song emperor and big time believer and supporter of Daoism

Shenzong 神宗 6th Song emperor, father of Huizong

Chen Guan 陈贯  Conservative faction stalwart and

Cai Jing 蔡京 Northern Song official, later to play a major role in Huizong's reign.  One of the greatest calligraphers of his day. Brother of Cai Bian.

Cai Bian 蔡卞 Younger brother of Cai Jing. Also a chancellor and famed calligrapher.

Empress Dowager Xiang 向太后 Empress of Emperor Shenzong  

Su Shi  苏轼, great politician, conservative faction tour de force and local Hangzhou hometown hero.

Sima Guang 司马光 Song historian and politician known for his conservative bent

San Li 三礼 The Three Li's: The Rites of Zhou, Book of Etiquette and Rites, The Book of Rites

Zhou Li 周礼 The Rites of Zhou

Yi Li  仪礼 Book of Etiquette and Rites

Li Ji 礼记 The Book of Rites

Sishu Wujing 四书五经 The Four Books and the Five Classics

Cai Jing 蔡京 Northern Song official, later to play a major role in Huizong's reign.  One of the greatest calligraphers of his day. Brother of Cai Bian.

Cai Bian 蔡卞 Younger brother of Cai Jing. Also a chancellor and famed calligrapher.

Zhang Dun 章惇 Chancellor before Cai Jing

 Wang Dan  Chancellor under Zhenzong

Renzong  仁宗 The fourth Song emperor

Lü Yijian  Chancellor under the Renzong emperor

Yuanyou 元祐 The first era of Emperor Zhezong's reign

Shaosheng 紹聖 Second era of Emperor Zhezong's reign

Zhao Kuangyin 赵匡胤  Song emperor Taizu, founder of the Song

Liu Hunkang 劉混康  Great Daoist master. b. 1035, d. 1108

Maoshan 茅山 Mountain in Jiangsu, home of the Shangqing School of Daoism

Laozi 老子 Lao Tzu, founder of Daoism

Qinshihuang 秦始皇 The first Qin Emperor, Ying Zheng

Shangqing 上清 The Highest Clarity Movement, popular Daoist movement located at Mt. Mao

Da Jingzhi 笪淨之 Successor to Liu Hunkang as Master of the Highest Clarity Movement

Jinshi 进士 The degree received after passing the 3 year civil service exam.

King Helü 阖闾 The warrior king of the state of Wu. (see CHP-111)

Sunzi 孙子 Wrote the Art of War

Li Jie 李誡 China's greatest architect of ancient time, author of the 营造法式 Yingzao Fashi

Yingzao Fashi 营造法式 The Song work: Treatise on Architectural Methods. Also known as the State Building Standards.

Li Yu 李煜 Last ruler of the Southern Tang (5 Dynasties 10 Kingdoms Period), developer of the "gold inlaid knife" style of calligraphy

Shou jin ti 瘦金体 Slender Gold Style of calligraphy developed early in his reign by Huizong

Siku Quanshu  四库全书 The Complete Library of the Four Treasuries is the largest collection of Chinese books ever compiled into a single work.  This was a work called for by the Qing Dynasty Qianlong emperor.

 

Direct download: CHP-133-The_Song_Emperor_Huizong_Part_2.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 6:23pm EDT

1