The China History Podcast
CHP-136-Wong Chin Foo

Once again after an almost record-setting gap in the action, we look at a great but unknown Chinese American, Wong Chin Foo (王清福). Though not a well-known person from history, he nonetheless played a major role during the 1880's and 1890's fighting against the racist anti-Chinese immigration laws passed by the U.S. Congress. Author Scott Seligman's book, The First Chinese American tells the whole story of Wong Chin Foo and his times.  In this episode we examine the highlights of this remarkable life.

Amazon link for the book: http://amzn.to/1qVnIwv

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Wong Chin Foo 王清福

Wong Yen Ping 王彦平 Another name Wong Chin Foo went by

Judy Chu  赵美心 U.S. Representative from California’s 27th Congressional District

I.M. Pei Chinese American architect (born in Guangzhou)

An Wang王安 Co founder of Wang Laboratories and great engineer (born in Shanghai)

Nancy Kwan关家1960’s actress (born in  Hong Kong)

Yo-yo Ma友友 One of the greatest cellists of his age (born in France)

Anna Sui  志美  Fashion Designer (born in Detroit)

Vivienne Tam燕玉 Fashion designer (born in Guangzhou)

Vera Wang  王薇薇 Fashion designer (born in New York City)

Charles Wang  王嘉廉CA Associates International co-founder (born in Shanghai)

Amy Tan恩美 Writer (born in Oakland)

Charles K. Kao The “father of fiber optics”. Won the 2009 Nobel in physics (born in Shanghai)

T.D. Lee  李政道 Won Nobel in Physics in 1957 (born in Shanghai)

Samuel C.C. Ting丁肇中 Won Nobel Prize in 1976 in Physics (born in Ann Arbor)

Steven Chu  朱棣文 Won Nobel Price in Physics 1997. US Secretary of Energy 2009-13. (born in St. Louis)

Gary Locke Former Washington State governor and US ambassador to China

Yung Wing  First Chinese to graduate from a US university (1854) (from Guangdong, Xiangshan)

Norman Assing袁生 Community leader in San Francisco’s Chinatown

Ng Poon Chew伍盤照  Started the first Chinese language newspaper in the US. (born in Taishan)

Wang Surname (means “king”) pronounced Wong in Cantonese

Huang Surname (means “yellow”) pronounced Wong in Cantonese

Shandong Province in China

Wong Sa Kee Wong Chin Foo’s earliest name

Qingdao Beautiful coastal city in Shandong

Daoguang Emperor道光帝 Qing dynasty emperor during Opium Wars

Jimo即墨City of Wong Chin Foo’s birth, just north of Qingdao

Yantai  烟台 Coastal city in Shandong

Zhifu芝罘Early name for Yantai

Penglai蓬莱  City in north Shandong, formerly called Dengzhou

Dengzhou登州  Present day Penglai, where Wong Chin Foo lived

Zhenjiang  City on the Yangzi River in Jiangsu

Xianfeng Emperor咸丰帝  Qing Dynasty emperor

Hua Mei Xin Bao  美新 The Chinese American, Wong’s first paper.

 

Direct download: CHP-136-Wong_Chin_Foo.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 10:55am EDT

CHP-135 The Song Emperor Huizong Part 4

In this final installment of the history of the life and times of the emperor Huizong we look at the series of events that followed the Jürchens' Seige of Kaifeng in 1126-1127.  What followed was the Jingkang Incident that for centuries, made Chinese bow their heads in shame.  The entire Song imperial family was captured and sent north to live out the rest of their lives in the harsh lands far beyong The Great Wall.  But the Jin conquerors did not destroy the Song. The Zhao family continued to keep the dynasty alive in the south.

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Huizong 徽宗 Song Dynasty emperor who reigned 1100-1127

Qinzong 欽宗 Last emperor of the Northern Song, son of Huizong

Prince Huan 桓王 Qinzong's title before becoming the emperor

Wolibu 斡离不 Son of Jin Dynasty founder Aguda

Bozhou 亳州  City in northern Anhui

Empress Zheng 郑氏 Wife of Huizong

Tong Guan 童贯 Great eunuch general and close advisor to Huizong

 Zhu Mian 朱勔 One of Huizong's most trusted officials...mainly responsible for Huizong's Marchmnount Park.

Xixia 西夏  The Western Xia, a Tangut empire that ran 1038-1227. Located south of Liao and west of Song China

Wanyan Nianhan  完颜粘罕 Top general in the Jin army

Wanyan Aguda 完颜阿骨打 Jin Dynasty Founder, also known as Jin Taizu 金太祖

Wang Fu 王黼  A Grand Councillor under Huizong. Major proponent to ally with Jin against Liao

Liang Shicheng 梁师成 Highest ranking of the palace eunuchs, exercised a great amount of control of and access to Huizong.

Cai Jing 蔡京 Northern Song official, played a major role in Huizong's reign.  One of the greatest calligraphers of his day.

 Zhenjiang 镇江 City in Jiangsu on the Yangzi, famous for their vinegar (among other things).

Zhao Gou 赵構 Ninth son of Huizong and founder of the Southern Song Dynasty, ruling as the Gaozong 高宗 Emperor.

Lin'an 临安 Where present day Hangzhou is located...capital of the Southern Song

Prince Chen 谌王 Qinzong's heir (but he never got to reign)

Fang La  方腊 Rebel leader of the short-lived but critical Fang La Rebellion

Zhang Jue 张觉 Jin defector who defected to Song and tried to cut a deal with the court.

Zhang Bangchang 张邦昌 Qinzong official. Jin forced him to be a puppet emperor but he remained loyal to the Song.

Shi Jingtang 石敬瑭 Founder of the Later Jin Dynasty who gave the Sixteen Prefectures away to the Liao in 938

Shi Chonggui  石重贵 Successor to Shi Jingtang but was taken into captivity by the Liao

Qin Gui 秦桧 Court official served Qinzong first and later Gaozong. Yue Fei's death was blamed on Qin Gui.

Zhending Near Shijiazhuang 石家庄. One of the stops along the way for Huizong.

Yanjing 燕京 Prefecture near modern-day Beijing

Cai Tiao  Son of Cai Jing. Accompanies Huizong into captivity and wrote an account of the journey

Cao Xun Wrote an account of the fall of Kaifeng and the trip by Huizong into captivity.

Empres Zhu Qinzong's empress - committed suicide in 1128

Siping 四平 City in Jilin where the Jon Supreme Capital was located.

Yilan County 依兰县 In central Heilongjiang, where Five Nations Fort was located.

Wuguocheng 五国城 Five Nations Fort

Yue Fei 岳飞  Hero and general of the Song who fought the Jin hard to win back lost territory.

Jin Zhong Bao Guo  尽忠报国 Serve the country with the most loyalty

Huan Wo He Shan 还我河山 Return my rivers and mountains! Yue Fei's demand to the Jin.

Lin Lingsu 林灵素 Daoist master who conceived the Divine Empyrean sect of Daoism.  Huizong was his benefactor and supporter.

Yao 尧  One of the Five Mythical Emperors (五帝)

Shun 舜 One of the Five Mythical Emperors (五帝)

Fang La  方腊 Rebel leader of the short-lived but critical Fang La Rebellion

Wanyan Wuqimai 完颜吴乞买 Younger brother of Aguda, also known as Jin Taizong 金太宗 

 

 

Direct download: CHP-135-The_Song_Emperor_Huizong_Part_4.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 7:28pm EDT

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