The China History Podcast
CHP-139-Sir Edmund Backhouse Part 3

In this episode we will conclude our CHP overview of the life of Sir Edmund Backhouse, 2nd Baronet.  In this 3rd part of the series we'll look at the last couple decades of Backhouse's life.  Backhouse remains in Beijing amidst all the turmoil going on during the Japanese invasion and the leadup to WWII.  In his final years Backhouse will write a memoir that will engrave his name forever in the footnotes of Chinese history.

Recommended Books:

Hermit of Peking by Hugh Trevor-Roper Amazon Link

Décadence Mandchoue edited by Derek Sandhaus Amazon Link

also: The Incarnations, by Susan Barker Amazon Link

Great new podcast:Tom Tacken's The First World War in 261 Weeks. www.TheFirstWorldWarIn261Weeks.com The Podcast Link

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Cixi 慈禧 The Empress Dowager Tzu Hsi

Li Lianying 李蓮英 Grand Eunuch during the reign of the Dowager Empress

 

Rong Lu 荣禄 Also known as Jung-lu, Cixi's most trusted official, a major power in China.

Jing Shan 景善 a.k.a. Ching Shan, The court official whose diary Backhouse faked

Guangxu Emperor 光绪帝 The second to the last emperor of China

Jin Ping Mei 金瓶梅 Ming Dynasty novel written in the vernacular, known as The Plum in the Golden Vase or The Golden Lotus.  Considered by many to be slightly pornographic in its content.

Shangdiao 上吊 To hang oneself

Mingshi 明史 The Ming History

Direct download: CHP-139-Sir_Edmund_Backhouse_Part_3.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 9:54am EDT

CHP-138-Sir Edmund Backhouse Part 2

Fast on the heels of Part 1 of this CHP overview of the life of the Sinologist Sir Edmund Backhouse, we present Part 2 in this episode. We'll look at the years 1911 to 1924, the years Backhouse committed a bunch of frauds and established himself in London and Beijing as a bit of a flake and someone not to be trusted.

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Yongle Dadian 永乐大典 The Yong Le Encyclopedia

Jiajing Emperor 嘉靖帝 The Qing Jiajing Emperor

Wang Xizhi  王羲之 China's greatest calligrapher

Jin Dynasty  晋朝 The Jin Dynasty 265-420 AD

Tang Taizong 唐太宗 Co-founder of the Tang Dynasty, also known as Li Shimin 李世民

Lantingji Xu 兰亭集序 The Preface to the Poems Collected from the Orchid Pavilion

Zhi Baobuzhu huo  纸包不住火  Paper Can't wrap a fire (impossible to keep a secret)

Liang Shiyi 梁士诒 Yuan Shikai's finance minister, a high-up guy in the Beiyang Government

Li Yuanhong  黎元洪 three times president of the Rep. of China.

Duan Qirui  段祺瑞 Premier of China 1916-1918 and major military and political figure

Yongzheng Emperor 雍正帝 The Yongzheng Emperor, son of Kang Xi 康熙 and father to Qianlong 乾隆

Gansu 甘肃 Province in West China

 

Direct download: CHP-138-Sir_Edmund_Backhouse_Part_2.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 9:36am EDT

CHP-137-Sir Edmund Backhouse Part 1

In this episode we will begin a 3-part series covering the life of Sir Edmund Trelawny Backhouse, 2nd Baronet. He lived from 1873 to 1944, spending more than half his life in Beijing.  Backhouse is best known for the various frauds he committed over the period of his life.  In his last year of life he was urged by Dr. Reinhard Hoeppli to commit his fantastic stories of his life to paper.  The result were two memoirs, "The Dead Past", about his days in Europe before 1898 and Décadence Mandchoue, Backhouse's racy and pornographic account of his years in China, mixing with all the Manchu royals and carrying on sexual relationships with the Empress Dowager Cixi and her eunuchs.  NOTE TO THIS EPISODE, THANKS TO MATT, A LOCAL TO COUNTY DURHAM I WISH TO CORRECT BACKHOUSE'S BIRTHPLACE TO DARLINGTON, COUNTY DURHAM (NOT RICHMOND,  IN NORTH YORKSHIRE).  SORRY!

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

baijiu 白酒 Chinese fiery clear alcoholic beverage, between 40-60% ABV

Jing Shan 景善 a.k.a. Ching Shan, The court official whose diary Backhouse faked

laowai 老外 foreigner

Cixi 慈禧 The Empress Dowager Tzu Hsi

Li Lianying 李蓮英 Grand Eunuch during the reign of the Dowager Empress

Rong Lu 荣禄 Also known as Jung-lu, Cixi's most trusted official, a major power in China.

Kang Youwei 康有为 Controversial figure in late 19th century China politics, closely associated with the Hundred Days of Reform under the Tongzhi Emperor.

Daoguang 道光 The Daoguang Emperor

Prince Chun 醇亲王 Father of the Guangxu Emperor, grandfather of Puyi, half brother of the Xianfeng emperor.

Puyi 溥仪 The Last Emperor

Liang Shiyi 梁士诒 Yuan Shikai's finance minister, a high-up guy in the Beiyang Government

Xu Shichang 徐世昌 President of the ROC from 1918-1922...YUan Shikai's closest advisor and ally.

 

Direct download: CHP-137-Sir_Edmund_Backhouse_Part_1.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 9:10am EDT

1