The China History Podcast
CHP-145-The History of Tea Part 6

The China History Podcast's ten part History of Tea continues with this sixth episode.  The time is now the late Ming and Qing dynasty.  Now Western people are getting a nice close look at tea and imagining the possibilities.  

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE:

Shen Nong神农 One of the all time greats in legendary Chinese history. Discovered tea’s pleasures and passed it on to Chinese civilization

Ba Shu  巴蜀  The Ancient state located in Sichuan and based near Chengdu

Jiajing Emperor嘉靖帝 Ming dynasty emperor during whose watch, the foreigners began showing up.

Wuyi Shan  武夷山Wu Yi Mountains in northern Fujian

Bai Hao  白毫“White hair”, a name given some teas due to the young delivate nature of the buds

Hongwu  洪武The Ming founder Zhu Yuanzhang, Ming Taizu, The Hongwu Emperor

Song Luo Shan  Mountain located just south of Huang Shan, famous for its great teas and tea history

Huangshan黄山 Yellow Mountain in southern Anhui, one of the most sacred mountains in China

Jingdezhen  景德  The porcelain capital of China and at one time, the whole world.

Xiuning County   休宁  Song Luo Mountain was located here, in Anhui province

Bohea  武夷茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers

Congou  工夫One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers

Pekoe白毫 One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers. (See Bai Hao above). The Dutch would brand tghis tea "Orange Pekoe".

Hyson  熙春茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers, also known as Lucky Dragon Tea

Chanong    Tea farmer

Qimen cha    Keemun Tea from Anhui, a world class China black tea.

Zhangjiakou  家口The ancient town of Kalgan in Hebei.

Huizong  宋徽宗  The last emperor of the Northern Song.  He knew a lot about tea.

Kangxi  康熙帝Long reigning Qing dynasty emperor who acted as a model patron of tea culture

Qianlong  乾隆帝  Even longer reigning Qing dynasty emperor who acted even more as a model patron of tea culture

Chonghua Palace  华宫

Longjing cha  井茶  Dragon Well Tea from Longjing Village outside Hangzhou

Hugong Temple  胡公  Temple located in Longjing Village

Mt. Shifeng  峰山Mountain located near Longjing Village

Gaiwan  盖碗  A covered tea bowl.

Li Chunsheng  One of the two father’s of Taiwan’s tea export industry.

Lugu, Nantou County鹿谷, 南投縣  The heartland of Taiwan’s Oolong tea growing area

 

THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. 

 

This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print. 

 

 

Direct download: CHP-145-The_History_of_Tea_Part_6R.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 11:07pm EDT

CHP-144-The History of Tea Part 5

The History of Tea continues with Part 5.  In this episode Laszlo looks at tea in the Ming dynasty.  This is when loose leaf tea, Jingdezhen and Yixing tea pots hit the big time.

CHP-144-Terms

 

Mocha  抹茶 Ground tea in powder form (also written 末茶)

Cai Xiang  蔡襄  Great calligrapher and tea expert from the Northern Song

Huizong  徽宗  Last emperor of the Northern Song

Myoan Eisai  明菴荣西  Japanese Monk

Zhao Kuangyin  匡胤  Founder of the Northern Song

Jin  金朝  The Jurchen Jin Dynasty

Yuan dynasty  元朝  The Mongol Yuan Dynasty

Doucha  斗茶  To have a tea battle

Chaoqing  炒青  The pan frying method of stopping enzymatic oxidation

Zheng He    Famous eunuch admiral who made seven voyages

Zhu Yuanzhang 朱元璋  Ming Dynasty founder

Liu Bang  刘邦  Han Dynasty founder

Ming Taizu  明太祖 Temple name of Zhu Yuanzhang

Hongwu  洪武  Era name of Zhu Yuanzhang

Zisha  紫砂  Purple clay

Jingdezhen  景德  Jingde Town in Jiangxi Province, named after Zhenzong’s Jingde Era

Zhongguo  中国  China

Qin Shihuang  秦始皇  The First Qin Emperor

Qin Dynasty 秦朝  The Qin Dynasty

Xinping    新平 Ancient name of Jingdezhenm

Changnan  昌南  Former name of Jingdezhen

Zhen    A town or township

Shi   A city or municipality

Cun    A village

Nanchang  南昌  Capital of Jiangxi Province

Lake Poyang鄱阳湖 Lake Poyang

Zhenzong  真宗 The Zhenzong Emperor

Zhushan   珠山 Pearl Hill near Jingdezhen

Liu Yiqian 刘益谦Shanghai billionaire pharmaceutical magnate and antiques collector

Chenghua Emperor成化帝Ming emperor who reigned 1464-1487

Gaiwan  盖碗 A lidded tea bowl

Huacha  花茶 scented flower tea

Huizong 惠宗  Final Yuan Dynasty emperor

Da Ming Yongle Zhi   大明永乐制  Made in the Ming Yongle Era

Cha Lu茶录 Tea treatise written by Cai Xiang

Zhu Quan 朱权 Son of the Hongwu emperor, younger brother to Zhu Di.

Cha Puof 1440  茶谱 The Tea Treatise by Zhu Quan

Gu Yuanqing顾元庆 Wrote the other main tea treatise of the Ming dynasty

Cha Puof 1541  茶谱 The Tea Treatise by Gu Yuanqing

Zhu Di 朱棣 Son of the Hongwu emperor, later reigning as the Yongle Emperor.

Xing ware  邢窑  Xing ware from Hebei

Yue ware  越器  Yue ware from Yuezhou near Shaoxing

He cha喝茶  To drink tea

pin cha品茶  To sip tea

Zhu cha  煮茶  To boil tea

Pao cha 泡茶brew tea by steeping

Shanxi 山西  Province in China, capital at Taiyuan

Shaanxi  陕西  Province in China, capital at Xian

Jin  A “Chinese pound”, about 500 grams or 1.1 lbs.

xi cha  洗茶  To wash or clean tea leaves

Yixing    City in Jiangsu formerly known as Yangxian

Lu Tong卢仝  writer of the poem “Seven Cups of Tea.”

Dehua   德化   City in central Fujian

Yang hu养壶to raise the teapot

gongfu tea  功夫茶 / 工夫茶  Gongfu Tea

pinmingbei  品茗杯   A small teacup for sipping tea

chahe  茶荷   a scoop used to transfer tea to a pot

chapan    A Tea tray

Princess Wénchéng文成公主  brought nutritional benefits of tea to the Himalaya’s 

Wanli emperor  万里帝  The long reigning Wanli Emperor 1563-1620

  

THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. 

 

This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print. 

 

 

Direct download: CHP-144-The_History_of_Tea_Part_5R.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 2:07pm EDT

CHP-143-The History of Tea Part 4

This time in History of Tea Part 4 we continue along the timeline and look at tea in the Song Dynasty.  Tea may have been brought to great heights during the Tang but during the Song.

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Lu Yu    Lu Yu, writer of the Classic of Tea

Kukai  空海 Japanese Monk, among other things introduced tea to Japan

Saicho  最澄  Japanese monk also helped introduce tea to Japan

Emperor Saga  嵯峨天皇  Emperor of Japan 806-809

Chama Gudao  古道  The Ancient Tea Horse Route

Zhao Kuangyin  匡胤  Founder of the Northern Song

Kaifeng  开封Capital city during the Northern Song

Mocha  抹茶  Ground tea in powder form (also 末茶)

Diancha  点茶  To whisk tea

Cai Xiang  蔡襄  Great calligrapher and tea expert from the Northern Song

Hūizōng  徽宗  Last emperor of the Northern Song

Limao  礼貌  etiquette, politeness

Wang Xizhi  王羲之  303-361, Jin Dynasty calligrapher, considered China’s greatest calligrapher

Cai Jing  蔡京  Hūizōng’s right hand man for many years  Also a great literary talent

Lantingji Xu  亭集序 Wang Xizhi’s great work. Preface to the poems composed at the Orchid Pavilian

Su Shi  苏轼  Also known as Su Dongpo, famous official, man of letters and Hangzhou hero

Huang Tingjian  黄庭坚  Great literary figure from the Song

Mi Fu  米芾  Great literary figure from the Song

Su, Huang, Mi, Cai  黄米蔡  The four great Song calligraphers

Quanzhou  泉州  Historic port city in Fujian

Fuzhou  福州  City in Fujian

Renzong  仁宗  Song Emperor 1022-1063

Ouyang Xiu  欧阳修 Song Statesman and all around literary powerhouse

Cha Jing    The Classic of Tea by Lu Yu

Cha Lu    Tea treatise by Cai Xiang

Doucha  斗茶  To have a tea battle

Mingzhan   Tea Wars or tea battle

Jian ware  建窑  Jian ware

Tuhao zhan 兔豪  Rabbit fur

Daimao zhan  Tortoise shell design

Zhegu ban   Partridge feathers design

You di  油滴  Oil drops design in Jian ware

Yue qi  越器  Yue ware from Yuezhou near Shaoxing

Xing ware  邢窑  Xing ware from Hebei

Qingbai  清白 White porcelain of the Song

Wulong  乌龙  Oolong tea

Zhenzong  真宗 Song Emperor 997-1022

Shenzong  神宗  Song emperor 1067-1085

Ya’an  雅安  City west of Chengdu with a rich tea history

Han Wudi  武帝  Grest Han Dynasty conquering emperor

Tang Taizong  唐太宗  Tang emperor Taizong (Li Shimin)

Wang Anshi  王安石  The great Song era reformer

Kaimen qījiàn shi  七件事  The Seven Necessities of Living

Chan Buddhism  禅宗  Better known as Zen Buddhism

Master Xiangmo  降魔藏  Chan Master Xiamngmo of Lingyan Temple on Mount Tai

Lingyan Monastery  灵岩寺Chan Buddhist Monastery on Mount Tai

Taishan  泰山 Mount Tai near Jinan

Daguan Chalun    Song Hūizōng’s Treatise on Tea

Silver Needle 银针 Silver Needle White Tea

Long Life Eyebrow  寿眉茶Long Life Eyebrow White Tea

Tribute Eyebrow  眉茶Tribute Eyebrow White Tea

White Peony  白牡丹  White Peony Tea

Zhenghe County  政和  County in northern Fujian

Fuding   福鼎  City in northern Fujian near the Zhejiang border

Guihuacha  桂花茶 Osmanthus Tea

Myoan Eisai  明菴栄西  Japanese Monk

Beiyuan 

Longfeng Tuancha 龙凤团  Dragon Phoenix Tea Cake

Wuyi Shan  武夷山The Wuyi Mountains in Fujian

Tieguanyin 铁观 Iron Buddha Oolong tea

Yan cha  岩茶  Rock Tea of Wuyi Shan

Shaqing    To “kill the green”

Chanong  Tea Farmer

Da Hong Pao 袍茶  Big Red Robe Tea

Tie Luohan  铁罗汉  Tie Luohan tea

Bai Ji Guan  冠茶  Bei Jiguan Tea

Shui Xian  水仙茶 Shui Xian Tea

Ba Xian 八仙茶  Ba Xian Tea

Rou Gui 肉桂茶Rou Gui Tea

Zheng Yan Tea  Wuyi Rock tea from the mountain summit

Ban Yan Tea  Wuyi Rock tea from midway up the mountain

Zhou Tea  Wuyi Rock tea from the river banks

Nantou  City in Taiwan

Jiayi   City in Taiwan

Hualian  City in Taiwan

Zhu Yuanzhang   朱元璋 Founder of the Ming Dynasty, a.k.a. The Hongwu Emperor.

Direct download: CHP-143-The_History_of_Tea_Part_4.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 5:54pm EDT

CHP-142-The History of Tea Part 3

In Part 3 of the CHP ten-part history of tea series we look at the life of the Tea Saint, Lu Yu and his great work The Classic of Tea. 

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Lu Yu    Lu Yu

Cha Jing茶经 The Classic of Tea

Shen Nong    Shen Nong, the Divine Farmer

Tianmen   Birthplace of Lu Yu

Hubei ren  湖北人  someone from Hubei

Longgai Temple  龙盖寺  Dragon Cloud Monastery

Chan Buddhist  禅宗  Better known as Zen Buddhism

Li Qiwu    Tang royal who served as governor in Tianmen

Zou Fuzi  邹老夫子  One of Lu Yu's earliest teachers and tea masters

Cui Guofu  崔国 Tang official who replaced Li Qiwu and served as another mentor of Lu Yu

Jiangsu    Province in the east of China

Zhejiang  浙江  Province just south of Jiangsu

Jiangxi  江西  Province south of Zhejiang

Miaoxi Monastery  妙喜寺Buddhist monastery located in Huzhou.

Huzhou  湖州  City in Jiangsu

Jiao Ran  皎然  Chan monk

Wang Bao  王褒  Western Han individual involved in a contract for a servant

Yan Zhenqing  真卿  Tang scholar, calligrapher and official

Lu Tong  卢仝  The great poet and bon vivant

Daizong Emperor  唐代宗  Tang emperor from 762-779

Dezong Emperor  德宗帝  Tang emperor from 779-805

Yongzheng Emperor 雍正帝 Qing emperor from 1722-1735

Lu Tingcan    A Tea Immortal, known for his Sequel to the Cha Jing

Cha Xian   茶仙  Tea Immortal

Xu Cha Jing    The Sequel to the Classic of Tea

Xia Dynasty  夏朝  The mythical Xia Dynasty

Zhongguo Cha wenhua  中国茶文化 Chinese Tea Culture

Ba Shu  巴蜀  The Ba Shu State in Sichuan

Zhou Gong  周公 The Duke of Zhou

Sima Xiangru  相如  The poetess from Qionglai in Sichuan

Jin Dynasty  晉朝  The Jin Dynasty

Hongzhi Era  弘治 The Ming dynasty Hongzhi emperor’s era 1487-1505

Abbot Zhiji   Stepfather to Lu Yu and Abbot of the Longgai Monastery

Nanling River  南凌 River north of Yangzhou famous for its water

Tang Taizong  唐太宗  Tang emperor Taizong (Li Shimin)

Yue qi  越器  Yue ware from Yuezhou near Shaoxing

Xing ware  邢窑  Xing ware from Hebei

Nanbei Chao  南北朝  The Southern and Northern Dynasty Period

Longmen  龙门 City in Shaanxi where Sima Qian was born

 

Direct download: CHP-142-The_History_of_Tea_Part_3.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 11:07pm EDT

1