The China History Podcast
CHP-164-Zhou Enlai Part 4

In this Part 4 episode of the CHP Zhou Enlai series Laszlo re-tells the always amusing story of when the Americans came around Yan'an to kick the tires of the CCP and see what they were all about. Many of these events from today's episode were covered in previous podcasts (Kang Sheng, Deng Xiaoping, John Service and Civil War). This time Zhou again proves his loyalty and devotion to Mao and as always to China. He gets a real workout as far as developing his role as the Communists (and later China's) chief diplomat.

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Yan'an   延安   Revolutionary base of the CCP after the Long March

Kang Sheng   康生   康生 Early CCP secret police chief and later "godfather" of the Cultural Revolution

Shaanxi   陕西 Province in northwest China

Zunyi   遵义 2nd largest city in Guizhou

Zhang Guotao   张国焘 Senior Communist leader and rival to Mao

Bo Gu   博古 One of the 28 Bolsheviks and right hand to Wang Ming

Wang Ming   王明   Comintern appointed CCP leader and head of the 28 Bolsheviks

Zhu De   朱德 Founder of the Red Army

Liu Shaoqi   刘少奇   Early Mao supporter and later top leader in China

Bo Yibo 薄一波 Early Mao supporter, featured in an earlier CHP episode

Peng Zhen   彭真 Early Mao supporter and later mayor of Beijing

Chen Yi   陈毅   Great general, Shanghai mayor, Foreign Minister

zhishi fenzi   知识分子 intellectuals

He Zizhen   贺子珍 Mao's third wife (after Luo Yixiu and Yang Kaihui)

Lan Ping   蓝萍 Stage name of Jiang Qing

Li Shumeng   李淑蒙 Early name of Jiang Qing

Li Yunhe 李云鹤 Another early name of Jiang Qing

Jiang Qing   江青 Madame Mao, the name by which she is best known.

Wang Jiaxiang  王稼祥 Another former 28 Bolshevik and Party leader who sided with Mao

Ye Jianying   叶剑英   Immortal Communist military leader and statesman

Huang Hua   黄华 Great Chinese diplomat and vice premier

Chen Jiakang   陈家康 Early communist and very close to Zhou Enlai, serving as his chief liaison with foreign journalists.

Ma Haide   马海德   Dr. George Hatem, subject of a future episode.

Peng Dehuai   彭德怀   Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals

Lin Biao   林彪   Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals

Nie Rongzhen   聂荣臻   Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals

He Long   贺龙   Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals

Liu Bei  刘备 Great Sichuan hero and King of Shu. One of the main characters of Romance of the Three Kingdoms

Zhuge Liang   诸葛亮 Another main character from Romance of the Three Kingdoms. Wise advisor to Liu Bei

Shaoshan   韶山 Birthplace of Mao near Xiangtan

Jinggangshan   井冈山   The cradle of the revolution, where Mao went after the Autumn Harvest Uprising

Ruijin   瑞金   City on Fujian-Jiangxi border

Zhangjiakou   张家口 City of 4.4 million that borders Beijing, Inner Mongolia and Shanxi

Lingdao   领导 leader

Zaolin'gou   枣林沟 Site of a key meeting after Yan'an was evacuated

Panlongzhen  蟠龙镇 Place in Shaanxi where Peng Dehuai raided a KMT supply depot

Ren Bishi   任弼时 Early political and military communist leader. Died in 1950.

Shanxi   山西 Northern province bordering Shaanxi

Deng Yingchao   邓颖超 Wife and lifelong partner of Zhou Enlai

Liao-Shen Campaign   辽沈战役 The first of the three great military campaigns 9-12-1948 to 11-2-1948  

Xibaipo 西柏坡 Town near Shijiazhuang that served as Mao's new base after Yan'an.

Shijiazhuang 石家庄 Capital Hebei Province

Hebei   河北 Province in China where Beijing is geographically located (but not part of)

Huai-Hai Campaign 淮海战役 The second of the three great military campaigns 11-6-1948 to 1-10-1949

Ping-Jin Campaign 平津战役 The last of the three great military campaigns 11-29-1948 to 1-31-1949

Li Zongren   李宗仁 Succeeded Chiang as president in January 1949

Xikou   溪口 Birthplace of Chiang Kai-shek

Ningbo   宁波 Major port city in Zhejiang province

tuocha   沱茶 usually 100 gram dome shaped tea bricks

Sheng Pu-erh   生普洱 Raw Pu-erh Tea

Menghai Tea Factory   勐海茶厂 Famous tea factory in Xishuangbanna

Xishuangbanna   西双版纳 One of the great tea cities of China

Shou Pu-erh  熟普洱 Ripe Pu-erh tea

Xiaguan Tea Factory   下关茶厂 Famous tea factory in Dali

Dali 大理  formerly known as Xiaguan, city in Yunnan

Yunnan 云南 Southwest province of China

gaiwan   盖碗 covered tea bowls

shiba da   十八大 The 18th Party Congress

Gum jie   金姐 Long serving tea lady at the CHP Complex

 

The CHP Pu-Erh Tea / Gaiwan Gift Set

http://www.teasenz.com/pu-erh-tuocha-tea-gaiwan-gift-set

 

Elias Belhaddad's History of Islam Podcast

http://historyofislampodcast.blogspot.co.uk

 

 THE ONE, THE ONLY, THE ANTHILL

theanthill.org

"While We're Here"

earnshawbooks.com

 

Direct download: CHP-164-Zhou_Enlai_Part_4R.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 5:38pm PST

CHP-163-Zhou Enlai Part 3

In this Part 3 episode the story of Zhou Enlai is taken all the way up to the 1943 Yan'an Rectification Campaign.  We'll look at the Zunyi Conference, the Long March, the Xian Incident and finally the ill-fated Second United Front.  At every historic moment, Zhou Enlai was there, playing a lead role.

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Ruijin   瑞金   City on Fujian-Jiangxi border

Gu Shunzhang   顾顺章 Early CCP leader and later betrayer

Xiang Zhongfa   向忠发 Early CCP leader appointed by the Comintern.

Bo Gu 博古 One of the 28 Bolsheviks and right hand to Wang Ming

Zhu De   朱德 Founder of the Red Army

Guizhou   贵州 Western province in China

Liping   黎平 City in eastern Guizhou

Guiyang Capital of Guizhou Province

Zunyi   遵义 City just north of Liping

Zunyi Huiyi The Zunyi Conference

Wang Ming   王明 Comintern appointed CCP leader and head of the 28 Bolsheviks

Zhang Wentian 张闻天 Former 28 Bolshevik and Party leader who sided with Mao

Wang Jiaxiang 王稼祥 Another former 28 Bolshevik and Party leader who sided with Mao

Yang Shangkun 杨尚昆 Major CCP leader and later President of PRC

Zhang Guotao 张国焘 CCP founding member, Mao rival and later KMT defector

Lianghekou 两河口 Place in northern Sichuan, site of the Lianghekou Meeting 6/28/1935

Maoergai 毛儿盖 Place in northern Sichuan, site of the Maoergai Meeting in August 2935.

Dadu River 大渡河 River in Sichuan, site of a famous battle during the Long March retreat

Yang Lisan   楊立三 Future PRC minister, helped carry Zhou's stretcher during the Long March

Zong Hòuqín Bù 总后勤部 Logistics and supply division of the PLA

Fu Lianzhang 傅连暲 Nelson Fu, Western trained Chinese doctor who made the Long March

Deng Yingchao 邓颖超   Wife and lifelong partner of Zhou Enlai

Yang Hucheng 杨虎城 Nationalist general commanding the Northwest Army

Dongbei Jun 东北军 The Northeast Army

Zhang Xueliang 张学良 The Young Marshal, son of Zhang Zuolin, PRC hero, ROC villain.

Shao Shi   少师 Young Marchal

Zhang Zuolin   张作霖 The Manchurian Warlord, father of Zhang Xueliang

Jiu Yi Ba 九一八 September 18, 1931 the Mukden Incident

Pu Yi 溥仪 the Last Emperor, brought out of retirement to be the figurehead of Manchukuo

Manchukuo 满洲国 Japanese puppet state set up in Manchuria

Yan'an 延安 Revolutionary base of the CCP after the Long March

Shaanxi 陕西 Northwest province of China.

Xian 西安 Site of ancient Chinese capitals and the capital of Shaanxi Province

Xinhua 新华 New China

Luoyang   洛阳 Former imperial capital from ancient times, city in Henan

Tang Xuanzong   唐玄宗 The Tang Dynasty emperor who took the dynasty to great heights

Yang Guifei 杨贵妃 Tang Xuanzong's favorite concubine

H.H. Kung 孔祥熙 Husband of Song Ailing and consummate insider into ROC politics

Song Meiling 宋美龄 Madame Chiang Kai-shek

T.V. Soong 宋子文 Brother of the Soong Sisters

Chiang Ching-kuo   蒋经国 Future ROC president and son of Chiang Kai-shek

Song Qingling   宋庆龄   Madame Sun Yat-sen

Xikou   溪口 Near Ningbo, the birthplace of Chiang Kai-shek and location of the Young Marshal's first prison.

Ba Lu Jun 八路军 The Eighth Route Army

Peng Dehuai   彭德怀 Great Red Army general

Ye Ting  叶挺 Red Army general from the early days of the revolution

Xiang Ying 项英 Early CCP organizer and leader in the New Fourth Army

Chongqing   重庆 Wartime capital of China after it was removed from Nanjing and Wuhan

Lan Ping - Jiang Qing 蓝苹 - 江青 - Madame Mao

Xinhua Ribao 新华日报 the New China Daily.

Tai'erzhuang campaign 台儿庄会战 a.k.a. The Battle of Taierzhuang. The Rep. of China's first victory over the Japanese army.

Li Zongren 李宗仁 former Guangxi warlord together with Bai Chongxi

Bai Chongxi   白崇禧 former Guangxi warlord together with Li Zongren

Wuhan   武汉 City in Hubei made up of Wuchang, Hankou and Hanyang

Bai Qiu'en 白求恩Norman Bethune

Dong Biwu   董必武 Early CCP leader and founding member

Chen Duxiu   陈独秀   CCP Co-Founder, along with Li Dazhao

Changsha 长沙 Capital of Hunan Province

Guilin 桂林 Picturesque city in Guangxi Province

Ye Jianying   叶剑英 Immortal Communist military leader and statesman

Dai Li 戴笠 Chiang Kai-shek's secret police chief

Shangguan Yunxiang   上官云相 KMT General, led the New Fourth Army Incident

Chen Yi   陈毅   Great general, Shanghai mayor, Foreign Minister

Liu Shaoqi 刘少奇 Great early CCP mover and shaker of a thousand talents. Prime target of the Cultural Revolution.

Yan'an Zhengfeng Yundong 延安整风运动 Yan'an Rectification Movement

Yundong 运动 Campaign or movement

Available for the holidays: The CHP Pu-Erh Tea - Gaiwan Gift Set

 

Also check out:

theanthill.org

"While We're Here"

earnshawbooks.com

 

and also....

Penguin Books China

 

"The Great Wall in 50 Objects" - William Lindesay

 

Shelia Melvin and Jindong Cai's "Beethoven in China: How the Composer Became an Icon in the People's Republic"

 

Direct download: CHP-163-Zhou_Enlai_Part_3.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 7:40am PST

CHP-162-Zhou Enlai Part 2

In this second part of what's shaping up to be a long series, Laszlo picks up at the Zhongshan Gunboat Incident and follows the life of Zhou Enlai through the challenging years of 1926-1934.

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Huai'an 淮安   Located in Jiangsu, birthplace of Zhou Enlai

Shenyang   沈阳 City in Liaoning Province

Tianjin   天津 Major city east of Beijing

Zhongshan Jian Shijian   中山舰事件 The Zhongshan Gunboat Incident

Wu Peifu   吴佩孚 Zhili Clique warlord

Sun Chuanfang 孙传芳 The Nanking Warlord

Duan Qirui   段祺瑞 China statesman and Anhui Clique warlord

Feng Yuxiang   冯玉祥 The "Christian Warlord" of the Zhili Clique

Zhang Zuolin   张作霖 The Manchurian Warlord

Wang Jingwei   汪精卫 Early leader of the Republic China

Fuxing lu   复兴路 Road in Shanghai formerly known as Rue Lafayette

Kang Sheng   康生 Early CCP secret police chief and later "godfather" of the Cultural Revolution

Chen Duxiu   陈独秀   CCP Co-Founder

Wang Shouhua 汪寿华 a key CCP leader in Shanghai and Labor leader

Du Yuesheng 杜月笙 Shanghai "Green Gang" crime boss

Zhao Shu 赵舒 Led Chiang Kai-shek's 26th Army. Saved Zhou's life.

Wuhan   武汉 City in Hubei made up of Wuchang, Hankou and Hanyang

Li Dazhao   李大钊 CCP Co-Founder

Zhu De   朱德 Founder of the Red Army

He Long 贺龙 Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals

Lin Biao   林彪   Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals

Ye Ting  叶挺 Red Army general from the early days of the revolution

Nanchang   南昌 Capital of Jiangxi Province

Lu Xun   鲁迅 One of the greatest writers of his age

Mao Dun   real name 沈德鸿, great writer and former Minister of Culture

Qiushou Qiyi 秋收起义   Mao's Autumn Harvest Uprising

Nie Rongzhen   聂荣臻 Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals

Chen Yi   陈毅   Great general, Shanghai mayor, Foreign Minister

Chaoshan   潮汕 Abbreviation for Chaozhou-Shantou

Chaozhou and Shantou 潮州和汕头 The twin cities of Chaozhou and Shantou in Guangdong

Xu Xiangqian 徐向前 Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals

Jinggangshan   井冈山 The cradle of the revolution, where Mao went after the Autumn Harvest Uprising

Deng Yingchao   邓颖超   Wife and lifelong partner of Zhou Enlai

Xiang Zhongfa   向忠发 Early CCP leader appointed by the Comintern.

Li Lisan   李立三 Xiang's right hand who also played a leadership role

Song Qingling   宋庆龄   Madame Sun Yat-sen

Zhongyang Teke 中央特科 The CCP secret police (中国共产党中央特别行动科)

Gu Shunzhang   顾顺章 Early CCP leader and later betrayer

Wang Ming   王明 Comintern appointed CCP leader and head of the 28 Bolsheviks

Bo Gu  博古 One of the 28 Bolsheviks and right hand to Wang Ming

Ruijin   瑞金   City on Fujian-Jiangxi border

Dai Li 戴笠 Chiang Kai-shek's secret police chief

Peng Dehuai   彭德华 Great Red Army general

Futian Incident 富田事变 December 1930 incident where a mutinous battalian was put down

Ningdu   宁都 Site of a famous pre-Zunyi Conference CCP meeting

Li De   李徳 Chinese name of Comintern agent Otto Braun

Xiang Ying 项英 Early CCP organizer and leader in the New Fourth Army

Tan Zhenlin   谭震林 Great Red Army general

Qu Qiubai   瞿秋白 CCP leader, literary figure and martyr

Chen Jitang 陈济棠 A Hakka NRA general who turned on Chiang Kai-shek

The Xinhai Revolution   辛亥革命 The event that began with the Wuchang Uprising 10-10-1911

Xiang River   湘江 Largest river in Hunan and a major tributary of the Yangzi.

Guizhou   贵州 Western province in China

Liping   黎平 City in eastern Guizhou

Miao   苗族 In Vietnam they're known as the Hmong. General term for a diverse minority people in China (as well as Laos, Vietnam). Over 200,000 in the US.

Zunyi   遵义 City just north of Liping

 

Direct download: CHP-162-Zhou_Enlai_Part_2.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 1:57pm PST

CHP-161-Zhou Enlai Part 1

In today's Part 1 episode Laszlo explores the early life of Zhou Enlai, growing up in a traditional scholar-official's family that had seen better days. Zhou gets passed from relative to relative. But each step of the way there were mentors and breaks that he was able to make the most of. We can see through his early years and into his teens how Zhou was perfectly trained and tested for the larger job that lay ahead.

 

CHP-161-Zhou Enlai Part 1 Terms

 

Zhou Enlai 周恩来 1898-1976

Jung Chang 张荣 British Chinese author famous for her critical biography of Mao Zedong and her book Wild Swans

Zhou zongli 周总理 Premier Zhou

Liu Shaoqi 刘少奇 One-time top Chinese leader, hounded to death during the Cultural Revolution

Lin Biao 林彪 Great military leader, later Mao's successor but not for long.

Wang Hongwen 王洪文 One of the Gang of Four and Mao's appointed successor but not for long.

Hua Guofeng 华国锋   Succeeded Mao in 1976 as Chairman of the Party

Deng Xiaoping 邓小平   Featured in CHP episodes 63-70

Huái'ān 淮安   City in northern Jiangsu province

Jiangsu 江苏   Province just north of Zhejiang

Shaoxing 绍兴   Historic city in Zhejiang, just west of Shanghai

Tianjin 天津 City in the north, just east of Beijing

Song Meiling 宋美龄   Madame Chiang Kai-shek

Zhou Panlong   周攀龙 Zhou Enlai's paternal grandfather

Zhou Yineng 周貽能 Zhou Enlai's father

Wan Dong'er 万冬儿 Zhou Enlai's natural mother

Lady Chen 陈氏 Zhou's 养母 or adoptive mother

Jiang Zhou's nurse who took care of him

Zhou Yigan 周贻淦 Zhou's uncle (younger brother of father)

shushu 叔叔 Uncle (younger brother of father)

didi 弟弟   Younger brother

muqin 母亲   Mother

ganma 干妈   Adoptive mother

waigong 外公   grandfather (father of one's mother)

Zhou Yiqian 周贻谦 Zhou's uncle (elder brother of father)

bofu 伯父   Uncle (elder brother of father)

Zhou Yigeng Uncle of Zhou Enlai who got led him to Tianjin

Zou Rong   邹容 Early revolutionary writer

Gemingjun 革命军 Revolutionary Army, Zou Rong's great work.

Kang Youwei 康有为   Reformer in the late 19th century

Liang Qichao 梁启超   Student of Kang Youwei who participated in the 100 Days of Reform

Nankai Middle School 天津南开中学

Yan Xiu 严修 Co-founder of Nankai Middle School

Zhang Boling 張伯苓 co-founder and president of Nankai

Jing Ye 敬业   Respect Work, Zhou Enlai's first journal

Xiao Feng 校风 School Wind School newspaper of Nankai

Chen Duxiu   陈独秀 Communist Party co-founder and writer

Xin Qingnian   新青年 Chen Duxiu's New Youth Magazine

Tianjin Xuesheng Lianhe Huibao 天津学生联合会包  Tianjin Student Union

Juewushe 觉悟社 Awakening Society

Deng Yingchao 邓颖超 Among other accomplishments, wife of Zhou Enlai

Yang Zhen Deng Yingchao's mother

Liu Qingyang 刘清扬 Early Communist Party member

Zhang Shenfu 张申府 Married to Liu Qingyang, another early Party operative

Li Dazhao 李大钊   CCP co-founder and librarian at Peking U

Guomintang 国民党 The KMT or Kuomintang

Li Fuchun 李富春 Longtime party leader, chairman of State Planning Commission

Nie Rongzhen 聂荣臻   Great military leader and called Father of China's Atomic Bomb

Zhu De 朱德   Red Army founder, great military leader

Chi Guang 赤光 Red Light, the journal printed in France

Guofu   国父 The Father of the Country (Sun Yat-sen)

Whampoa Military Academy 陆军官校 Funded and established by Soviets to train Chinese officers

Ye Jianying 叶剑英   Great military man and CCP stalwart

Chen Jiongming   陈炯明 Landlord in Guangdong, the target of the Eastern Campaign

Taiping Guan 太平馆 Restaurant in Guangzhou where Zhou and Deng Yingchao had a wedding reception.

Beijing Lu 北京路   Beijing Road

Zhongshan Gunboat Incident 中山舰事件 March 20, 1926, an incident that provoked a crackdown by Chiang Kai-shek against left leaning elements in the KMT as all Communists.

 

Go check out:

Nina Xiang's China Money Podcast

The Anthill - A Writer's Colony

The Sinica Podcast, a classic

Direct download: CHP-161-Zhou_Enlai_Part_1.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 8:02pm PST

CHP-160-Jack Jones and the FAU China Convoy 1945-1951

Jack Jones is the bearded one in the image.  His story is told today in this little snapshot of a not very well-known organization that operated in 1940's China.  The Friends Ambulance Unit, later re-named the Friends Service Unit, was a Quaker funded charity that operated ambulances, provided urgent medical care and other charitable services during wartime. In China the China Convoy was created and in consort with the International Relief Committee, distributed medicines, medical supplies and equipment that aided thousands of local and usually impoverished Chinese.  The convoy service ran from 1945 to 1951.  Through the discovery of the lost writings of Jack Jones, author Andrew Hicks has brought this small story back to life.  It's not a big story like the Chu-Han Contention or the Battle of Red Cliff or the Cultural Revolution.  It serves as a reminder that besides the information that made it into the history books....there was this stuff happening too in many places all over China.  I strongly suggest Andrews Hicks's book, available here: http://www.fauchinaconvoy.blogspot.com and here: http://quakerbooks.org.    

Go check out:  http://www.chinamoneynetwork.com hosted by Nina Xiang

Terms from this episode

Hakka 客家 Hakka people

Mao 毛泽东 Chairman Mao

Zhu De 朱德 PLA founder

Zhou Enlai 周恩来 The Premier of China

Sima Qian 司马迁 China's Herodotus Writer of the Shi Ji.

Chongqing 重庆 Former city in Sichuan, now a direct controlled Municipality

Xichang 西昌 City in southern Sichuan

Xikang 西康 Former province during the Nationalist days

Zhongguo laobaixing 中国老百姓 The Chinese people

Ba Xian Guo Hai 八仙过海 The Eight Immortals cross the sea, discussed in CHP-052

shi jing xiao min   市井小民 Common people

Chinese Industrial Cooperatives 工业合作社 Set up by George Hogg

Bailie School 培黎学校 School for orphans founded by George Hogg

Shandan, Gansu Province 甘肃山丹 City in Gansu where the first Bailie School was located

 

 

Direct download: CHP-160-Jack_Jones_and_the_FAU_1945-1951.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 8:12pm PST

CHP-159-Chinese American Stars and Entertainers of Old Hollywood

In this episode Laszlo focuses on the history of Chinese Americans in the early years of Hollywood.  The period will focus on the 1920's to the 1950's.  During those years Asian Americans had a rough time in Hollywood trying to break away from stereotypical roles. American laws and attitudes stacked the deck against them but through their sacrifices and perseverance they blazed the trail for today's generation of Chinese-American movie, theater and TV artists.  CHP-159 looks at the lives of Anna May Wong and Jadin Wong as a window into these times. Below are the terms from this episode as well as some resources about Chinese Hollywood and Chinatowns.

Terms from this Episode

Marion Wong  黄女娣  Young film pioneer, established Mandarin Film Co. in 1916

Esther Eng    Producer, Director of Chinese language films in the US

James B. Leong  Chinese American actor between 1923-1960, directed Lotus Blossom in 1921.

Joseph Sunn Jue  The Darryl Zanuck of Chinatown, director and producer

Wong Chin Foo  王清福   Subject of Scott Seligman's book "The First Chinese American."

Anna May Wong   黄柳霜  1905-1961 American actress of the early days of Hollywood

Wong Sam Sing  黄善兴  Anna May Wong's father

Lee Gon Toy    Anna May Wong's mother

Taishan  台山  Historic town in the Pearl River delta region

Chang On  长安  Anna May Wong's father's ancestral village

Jadin Wong   黄玉美  Chinese American entertainer and later agent

Bok Kai Temple 北溪庙  Temple in Marysville, CA

Charlie Low  He built the Forbidden City nightclub in San Francisco

Arthur Dong 曾奕田 Documentary film maker, founder of Deep Focus Productions

Noel Toy  The Chinese Sally Rand, early Forbidden City club performer of risque dances

Coby Yee Entertainer and later owner of the Forbidden City

Haing S. Ngor吴汉润 Winner of the 1985 Oscar for Best Supporting actor for his unforgettable performance in the Killing Fields, gunned down in Chinatown in 1996.

Bessie Loo  Early Hollywood agent who specialized in roles for Asian American artists

John Lone  尊龙  Actor who played Pu Yi in Bertolucci's The Last Emperor

Joan Chen  陈冲  Actress who played in many roles in the 80's and 90's

Lucy Liu   刘玉玲  Reigning queen of Hollywood martial arts action films

Bai Ling  白灵 Actress who was also a client of Jadin Wong

David Henry Hwang  黄哲伦  Multi-talented artist best known for his play and film M. Butterfly

Larry Ching  The Chinese Sinatra, and a future CHP topic one day.

The Kim Loo Sisters  known as The Chinese Andrews Sisters

Dorothy Fong Toy  known as The Chinese Ginger Rogers

You Yat Mar  The Chinese Sophie Tucker

Chai Hong   The Chinese Chaplin

Barbara Jean Wong  The Chinese Shirley Temple

Nancy Kwan   关家蒨  Famous for her roles in The World of Suzie Wong and The Flower Drum Song

Keye Luke   陆锡麟  Best known for his role as Charlie Chan's Number One Son, Keye Luke had a very prolific and successful career in Hollywood.

Victor Sen Yung   杨森  Best known for his role as Hop Sing on Bonanza

Benson Fong   邝炳雄  Famous for many roles and for his Ah Fong's restaurants

Sammee Tong  Played John Forsyth's houseboy Peter Tong in The Bachelor Father TV series

Kam Fong  Most famous for his role as Chin Ho Kelly in the old Hawaii Five-0 series.

Tsai Chin   周采芹  Had a rich career on stage and on screen. Unforgettable in You Only Live Twice and The Joy Luck Club

Lisa Lu  卢燕  Three time Golden Horse Award winner. Still active in the movies and on TV since 1958.  Played the dying Empress Dowager Cixi in The Last Emperor.

James Wong Howe   黄宗霑  The immortal Hollywood cinematographer. Did over 130 films. Famous for Deep Focus cinematography. Nominated for ten Oscars, won two.  His own life was like a movie.

James Hong   吴汉章  One of the best known faces in Hollywood in over 500 roles on TV and in the movies. Played Lo Pan in John Carpenter's Big Trouble in Little China and Kahn, the butler in Chinatown.

 

Suggested Links for Further Study: 

Arthur Dong: Deep Focus Productions

Anna May Wong's IMDb Page

The Chinese American Museum, Los Angeles

The Chinese Historical Society of Southern California

Asian American Arts Alliance - Jadin Wong Award

 

Books: 

Forbidden City USA  - Book of the Arthur Dong documentary

"Anna May Wong: From Laundryman's Daughter to Hollywood Legend", Graham Russell Gao Hodges"

Scott Seligman amazon page

Jenny Cho amazon page 

Peter Kwong amazon page

Bonnie Tsui amazon page

Edward Said: Orientalism

 

Videos

Forbidden City USA DVD 

Hollywood Chinese - Arthur Dong documentary

Danwei TV Video on Anna May Wong with Sufei

Anna May Wong in The Toll of the Sea (YouTube) 

Anna May Wong in Bombs Over Burma (YouTube)

Anna May Wong The Lady From Chungking (You Tube)

Yunah Hong speaking about her documentary on Anna May Wong

Direct download: CHP-159-Chinese_American_Stars_and_Entertainers_of_Old_Hollywood.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 11:05pm PST

CHP-158-The Rise and Fall of the Qin Part 2

This time Laszlo finishes off the Qin in two parts as promised.  Apologies for the lopsidedness of it all.  In this extra long episode Laszlo takes the Qin to their height and examines their legacy.  The Qin Dynasty had a spectacular fall lasting only a few years after the early death of its founder Qin Shihuang.

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Qin Shihuang  秦始皇  The First Qin Emperor, Ying Zheng

Shang Yang  商鞅  Great Qin statesman, helped make the Qin. 390-338 BCE

Qin    The kingdom and later dynasty, led by the Ying Clan.

Ying Zheng   嬴政  Qin Shihuang's name 

Duke Xiao   秦孝公  Qin Xiao Gong He lived 381 to 338 BCE

King Huiwen or King Hui  秦惠文王  King of Qin 338-311 BCE, son of Zhaoxiang

Chengdu   成都  Largest city and capital of Sichuan, site of the ancient Shu Kingdom

Qinling Mountains  秦岭Mountain range separating Shaanxi from Sichuan, also Qin Mountains (ling means mountain range)

Wei River   渭河  One of the major tributaries of the Yellow River

Shaanxi  西 Province in China, capital is Xian

Sichuan  四川  Province in southwest China

Shu  蜀国  Shu State near Chengdu

Shiniu Dao  石牛道 the Stone Cattle Road

Ba State   巴国  Ba State near Chongqing

Chongqing    Municipality formerly part of Sichuan

Wu Lizhen   吴理真  Planted seven tea trees on Mengding Mountain, first known tea cultivation

Mengding Shan  Mountain near Chengdu site of the first known cultivation of tea

Sanxingdui   三星堆  Archaeological discovery of an ancient non-Han civilization located halfway between Chengdu and Deyang.

Jinsha   金沙  Another great archaeological discovery near Chengdu.

Dujiangyan  都江堰  One of the most important irrigation projects in Chinese history. It tamed the Min River and  changed the face of agriculture in Sichuan.

Li Bing   李冰  The Qin governor down in Sichuan, directed construction of Dujiangyan.

Fan Sui  范睢  died 255 BCE, gave his king Zhaoxiang the winning strategy

King Zhāoxiāng, Qin Zhao Wang  昭襄王   Qin leader, reined 306-251 BCE

Bai Qi白起  Qin general served under Zhaoxiang.  Undefeated.

Meixian西眉 Mei County in Shaanxi, west of Xian.

Ren Tu    The Butcher of Men, Bai Qi's nickname (well-earned I might add)

Si Da Ming Jiang  四大名将  the four great generals of the day.  Bai Qi白起, Lian Po  , Li Mu李牧 and  Wang Jian 王翦

Battle of Changping   长平之战 The bloody battle where the Qin demolished the Zhao 262-260 BCE

Chu State   楚国  Chu State  near Hubei

Zuo Shu zhang 秦朝左庶 left militia general

Han    The Han Sate, sandwiched between Chu, Qin and Wei

Wei  魏国  Kingdom of Wei, east of Qin, south of Zhao

Yichuan County  伊川is located in Henan just south of Luoyang near the famous Longmen Grottoes.

The Longmen Grottoes  龙门石窟  UNESCO Heritage site containing thousands of statues of Buddha and paintings.

Battle of Yique伊阙, near modern day Longmen, 293 BCE Qin defeated the combined armies of Wei and Han.

Sima Cuo  马错 Qin general. Advised Huiwen to annex Shu and Ba

Huaxia    Ancient core China early name

Zhao     Zhao State  in the Yellow River Valley

Handan   City in Hebei Province, also the capital of Zhao

Zhao Kuo    Son Zhao She, got beat bad at the Battle of Changping

Zhao She Zhao general who once gave the Qin a lickin'

chengyu   Chinese saying or proverb, usually but not always four characters

zhishang tan bing   To discuss military strategy on paper

King Xiaocheng孝成王 King of Zhao who pulled Lian Po from the roster and put in Zhao Kuo

Huaihai Campaign   淮海One of the three final campaigns of the Chinese Civil War of 1948-49.

Sima Qian    China's Herodotus, writer of the Records of the Grand Historian

Gaoping 高平  County level city in southeast Shanxi, site of the Battle of Changping

Shanxi   山西 Province in China just east of Shaanxi

Shennong     The Divine Farmer, legendary discoverer of tea who gifted the Shen Nong Classic of Herbal Medicine.

Yan Di    炎帝 The Flame Emperor, considered to be Shennong

Zhou  周朝  The Zhou Dynasty

Ji clan    家族  The Zhou Dynasty ruling family

King Nǎn, Zhou Nan Wang周赧王 Last emperor of the Zhou Dynasty

King Xiaowen 秦孝文王 Also known as Lord Anguo, Qin Shihuang's grandfather. Didn't reign too long.

Shi Ji     The Records of the Grand Historian by Sima Qian

Han Dynasty  汉朝 One of China's greatest dynasties 206 BCE-220 CE

Lü Buwei  吕不韦  The man who put Qin Shihuang's father on the throne. Regent for young Qin Shihuang.

Zhao Ji 赵姬 Qin Shihuang's mother and a lover to many men (so says Sima Qian)

Lao Ai  嫪毐 Introduced to Zhao Ji after she became the Queen Dowager, tried and failed to seize power

Li Si   李斯 Took the philosophy of Legalism to great heights. Qin Shihuang's right hand man.

Zhao Gao 赵高 Palace eunuch who conspired with Li Si against Qin Shihuang's wishes.

Fu Su   扶苏 Qin Shihuang's heir, tricked into committing suicide

Hu Hai  胡亥 Younger son of Qin Shihuang, allowed Lao Ai and Li Si to stack the deck and allow him to become the new emperor

Meng Tian  蒙恬  Great Qin general who did most of his fighting in the north.  Key person in the construction of the Great Wall

Wey State Different from Wei State 魏国.  Absorbed by Jin before it broken upLü Buwei was from Wey.

Zichu 子楚 Other name of Qin Shihuang's father and later King Zhuangxiang.

Lady Huayang  阳夫人 Wife of Qin King Xiaowen

Zhengguo Canal  郑国渠  joined together the Jing and Luo Rivers, both tributaries of the Wei. Named after the builder Zheng Guo

Chelie 车裂  An ancient punishment where a person was tied to five chariots and pulled apart.

Lin Biao  林彪  Great military man and one time heir to Chairman Mao.

Jing Ke  荆轲  Assassin from Yan who wasn't able to bury his poison dagger into Ying Zheng

Yan   燕国  Yan State near Beijing

Chen Kaige 陈凯 Great Chinese film director. The Emperor and the Assassin

Gong Li  巩俐  Famous and talented Chinese actress

Zhang Yimou 张艺谋 One of the great film directors of China

Xiang Yu     The hegemon of Chu State, fought Liu Bang and lost.  Featured in CHP episode 91

Qi     Qi State  near Shandong

Zibo 淄博 Former capital of the Qi State

Lu  鲁国  State to the south of Qi.  Confucius came from Lu.

Qi Lu Liangguo 齐鲁两国  The two Shandong kingdoms of Qi and Lu

Shandong     Northeastern province of China

Wang Ben  王贲 Son of one of the four great generals of the Warring States period

Zhou Wu Wang 周武王 Co-founder of the Zhou, brother of the Duke of Zhou

Shang Dynasty   商朝  The Shang Dynasty 1600 BCE - 1046 BCE

King Zhou   Last Shang King, and a wicked one at that. Also known as Di Xin

Huangdi  皇帝  Emperor

San Huang Wu Di   三皇五帝  The mythical Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors

Shi'er Jinren  十二金人  Twelve Gold Men made from all the melted down weapons handed in from the defeated warring states

Xianyang   咸阳 Near modern day Xian. Capital of Qin

Lingnan   岭南the southern region of China comprising mostly Guangdong and Guangxi

Guangdong 广东 southernmost province of continental China and a rich one at that

Guangxi  广西 An autonomous region just west of Guangdong

Fujian  福建  Province just north of Guangdong

Baiyue百越 The Hundred Yue

Nanyue  南越 the southern Yue

Tu Sui  屠睢  Qin general who got schooled when he invaded the Lingnan region

Han Wudi 汉武帝 Great conquering emperor of the Western Han Dynasty

beifang caoyuan 北方草原  The grasslands of the north

Xiongnu  匈奴  Also referred to sometimes as the Huns, a northern nomadic people

Xiang Jiang  湘江 The Xiang River

Dongting Lake  洞庭湖 the dividing marker between Hubei and Hunan.

Guilin  桂林 Gorgeous city in Guangxi

Li Jiang  漓江 the Li River (not to be confused with the other Li River

Min 岷江  Min River in Sichuan, tamed by the Dujiangyan irrigation project

Lingqu Canal 灵渠 The Ling Canal...linked the Xiang with the Li

Qinchao Sanda Shuiligongcheng秦朝三大水利工程  The three great irrigation project of the Qin

Shi Lu史禄  Architect of the Ling Qu, the Ling Canal

zhishi fenzi分子 intellectuals

Huizong 宋徽宗  Song Dynasty emperor, featured in a CHP four-part series

Siku Quanshu 四库全书  The Emperor's Four Treasures, commissioned by Qianlong. 36,381 Volumes divided up into 79,000 chapters, over two million pages and about 800 million characters.

Dapingtai Village 大平台村  The village in Hebei where the Qin emperor died

Qin Èrshì  秦二世  The Second Qin Emperor

Dazexiang Uprising  大泽乡起义The first major uprising against the Qin - July to December in the year 209 BCE

Chen Sheng陈胜also known as Chen She One of the leaders of the Dazexiang Uprising

Wu Guang  吴广 The other leader of the Dazexiang Uprising

Liu Bang   刘邦  Han Dynasty founder

Wu Xíng 五刑  The Five Pains.  Tattooing the face, nose cut off, foot cut off, private parts cut off and the fifth pain for Li Si was the old Yāozhǎn.  Cut in half at the waist

Ziying  子婴  The third and final Qin emperor, reigned for 46 days

Battle of Julu  钜鹿之战  fought near present day Xingtai in Hebei, Xiang Yu, leading the Chu army knocked the Qin army out clean in 207 BCE

Luoyang   洛阳  Eastern capital of the Zhou Dynasty

Sanmenxia 三门峡City in Henan in the cradle of Chinese civilization

Nanhai Commandery南海郡 The Qin office that administered the two Guang's, based near Guangzhou

Zhao Tuo  赵佗  Qin officer in charge of the Nanhai Commandery. Founded the Nanyue Kingdom

Lüshi Chunqiu  氏春秋 Master Lü's Spring and Autumn Annals.

banliangqian  半两钱 Qin standardized coin that weighed eight liang

banliang  半两 half a liang. 16 liang equaled a jin One Jin was 0.604 kilos or 1.3 lbs

banjin baliang  半斤八两 Our English version of six of one and a half dozen of the other.

 

Historic Teas of China available at Teasenz.com

The Link is here:  HISTORIC TEAS OF CHINA

The Teas you get: 

1.     Dahongpao from Wuyi Mountain, Fujian

2.     Tieguanyin 铁观 from Anxi, Fujian

3.     Huangshan Maofeng黄山毛峰from Huang Shan Anhui Province

4.     Longjing 西湖 from West Lake, Hangzhou

5.     Two kinds of raw Pu-erh 普洱 tea in loose and brick form.

 

Two books I used prodigiously for this Qin Two-Part series:

 

Frances Wood, "The First Emperor of China"

 

Mark Edward Lewis: "The Early Chinese Empires: Qin and Han"

Direct download: CHP-158-The_Rise_and_Fall_of_the_Qin_Part_2.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 10:17pm PST

In this first of two episodes Laszlo gives Qin Shihuang, the subject of the first ever China History Podcast episode, a total makeover.  

The Historic Teas of China: Check it out right here:  http://www.teasenz.com/historic-teas-china-gift-box

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Qin Shi Huang  秦始皇 The first emperor of China, Qin Dynasty founder

Y.K. Pao  包玉  Featured in CHP-124, HK tycoon and philanthropist

Zhongguo ren   中国人  A Chinese

Zhao    Zhao State  in the Yellow River Valley

Qi     Qi State  near Shandong

Chu   楚国  Chu State  near Hubei

Yue   越国  Yue State  near Zhejiang

Ba   巴国  Ba State near Chongqing

Shu  蜀国  Shu State near Chengdu

Zhou   周朝  The Zhou Dynasty

Yan   燕国  Yan State near Beijing

Xia   夏朝  The Xia Dynasty, mythical they say it was...

Shang   商朝  The Shang Dynasty

Sima Qian     China's Herodotus

Shiji     The Records of the Grand Historian by Sima Qian

Song dynasty   宋朝  The Song Dynasty

Lintong, Shaanxi   西  Town outside Xian where the terra cotta warriors were found

Puyi     China's Last Emperor

Ying     The surname of the Qin Kings and Dukes

Ying Zheng   嬴政  Qin Shihuang's name

Ying Zhuangxiang   秦庄襄王  Qin Shihuang's father

Wei River  渭河  One of the major tributaries of the Yellow River

Xian   西安  Capital of Shaanxi, one of China's most ancient cities.

Gansu     Western Province in China

Tianshui   天水  Gansu's second largest city after Lanzhou

Rong      "Barbarian" people to the west and north of the core China

Si Yi    四夷  The "Four Barbarians"

Dongyi   One of the four "barbarians"

Beidi   北狄  One of the four "barbarians"

Nanman  南蛮  One of the four "barbarians"

Duke Xiang   秦襄公Qin leader 777-766 BCE

Ji Family   家族  The Zhou Dynasty ruling family

Luoyang   洛阳  Eastern capital of the Zhou Dynasty

Chengzhou   成周  Ancient name of Luoyang

Zhou King Ping   周平王 Zhou King 770-720

Duke Wen   秦文公   Qin ruler 765-716 BCE

Shaanxi and Shanxi   西山西Neighboring provinces that almost sound the same

Hubei  湖北  Central China province

Henan   河南  Central China province

Hebei   河北  North-central China province

Shandong    North eastern province of China

Anhui   安徽  Central China province

Yu the Great   大禹  Xia Dynasty Founder

Huaxia   Ancient core China early name

Qin Mu Gong   秦穆公  Qin Ruler 659-621

Bawang  霸王  A hegemon

Wu State   吴国  State around Suzhou-Wuxi area

King Helü   阖闾  King of Wu  514-496 BCE

The Battle of Jìnyáng  金阳之 Battle of Jinyang 455-453 BCE

Taiyuan   太原  Capital of Shanxi

Zhi state  智国  The Zhi state, annihilated at the Battle of Jinyang

San Jia Fen Jìn   三家分晋   the Partition of Jin between 434 and 403 BCE.

Qi Xiong   七雄  The final seven warring states

Linzi     just east of modern day Zibo

Shang Yang  商鞅  Great Qin statesman, helped make the Qin. 390-338 BCE

Pi  錍  A kind of ancient weapon similar to a dagger on a long stick

Ren duo hao ban shi  人多好  When you have a lot of people to do the job, it's much easier.

Shi    knight, scholar

Zaixiang  宰相  chancellor or chief minister

Duke Xiao  秦孝公  Qin Xiao Gong He lived 381 to 338 BCE

chelie    death by being pulled apart by 5 chariots

zhulian jiuzu   九族 a.k.a. the zuzhu    That meant when Shang Yang went down, so did his whole family: parents, grandparents, children, grandchildren, siblings, uncles and uncle's spouses...they all had to go.

Xiang Yu    The hegemon of Chu State, fought Liu Bang and lost.  Featured in CHP episode 91

Liu Bang   刘邦  Han Dynasty founder

Shang Jun Shu商君or just the Shangzi  商子  credited to Shang Yu, the blueprint fort Legalism and how to run the Qin State.

Han Feizi   非子lived from 280 to 236 BCE The man who made Legalism famous

Fan Sui  范睢  died 255 BCE, gave his king the strategy of yuanjiao jingong.  

yuan jiao jin gong   远交近攻   Make allies of those far away in order to focus on defeating those who are nearby.

King Zhaoxiang  昭襄王   Qin leader, reined 306-251 BCE

Battle of Changping   长平之战The bloody battle where the Qin demolished the Zhao 262-260 BCE

Direct download: CHP-157-The_Rise_and_Fall_of_the_Qin_Part_1.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 8:47pm PST

CHP-156-Joseph Needham Part 2

In this Part 2 episode Laszlo continues his intro of Joseph Needham in 1943 right after Needham returned from his perilous adventure to the northwest of China to visit the sights of Dunhuang.  We'll conclude the life of Joseph Needham in this episode. He truly was, as Simon Winchester called him, "The Man Who Loved China."

 

 

 

Terms from this episode:

 

Jianqiao Daxue yu Zhongguo Daxue hezuo weiyuanhu 剑桥大学与中国大学合作委员会The Sino-British Scientific Cooperation Office, the

Mogao Grottoes   莫高窟  The caves at Dunhuang where so much Buddhist treasure was found.

Chongqing     Former wartime capital of China also known as Chungking

Fujian province  福建省 Province on the east coast of China below Zhejiang

Fuzhou   福州  Capital of Fujian

Kunming   昆明  Capital of Yunnan

Zhongguo Kēxué jìshù shi 中国科学技  Science and Civilization in China

Nantong  南通  City in Jiangsu

Jiangsu   江苏  Province on east coast of China north of Zhejiang

Wang Ling   王玲  Chinese and Australian educator and researcher

Lizhuang   李庄  City located on the banks of the Yangzi

Sichuan   四川  Province in the soutwest next door to Tibet

Zhú Kězhēn  竺可桢  Professor Coching Chu, Zhejiang University president 1936-49.

Gǔjīn Túshū Jíchéng   古今图书集成  Complete Collection of Illustrations and Writings of Ancient and Modern Times

Lu Guizhen   鲁桂珍 (1904-1991) Biochemist and long-time assistant to Needham

Xiangqi   象棋 Chinese version of chess

Guō Mòruò    郭沫若 great writer, poet and archaeologist 

Shenyang   沈阳  Capital of Liaoning, also known in the past as Mukden

Lu Shiguo   鲁仕国  Father of Lu Guizhen

Zhongguo   中国  China, the Middle Kingdom

Qián Cúnxùn    Professor T.H. Tsien (Tsien Tsuen-hsuin).  A giant in Chinese library science.  Wrote Volume V, Part 1 on paper and printing.

Simon Winchester's amazon page click here

Direct download: CHP-155-Jospeh_Needham_Part_2.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 8:35am PST

CHP-155-Joseph Needham Part 1

In this long awaited topic Laszlo introduces "The Man Who Loved China", Dr. Joseph Needham.  A true friend of China for most of his adult life, Needham's contribution was the epic work "Science and Civilization in China".  Today this massive undertaking is spread out over 24 volumes, 17 of which were written in Needham's own lifetime.  Prior to Jospeh Needham getting the word out, China was not getting the respect it deserved for all its great contributions to human civilization.  He carried out intensive research and brought his findings to the public.  In this Part 1 episode we only go up to 1943 and the end of Needham's first expedition in China. 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Zhongguo Kexue jìshù shi  中国科学技  Science and Civilization in China

Lu Guizhen   桂珍  (1904-1991) Biochemist and long-time assistant to Needham

Luo Zhongshu   罗忠恕  (1903-1985) Scholar who got the word out in the west about China's suffering under Japan.

Jianqiao Daxue yu Zhongguo Daxue hezuo weiyuanhui

剑桥大学与中国大学合作委员会  Sino-British Scientific Cooperation Office

Lu Shiguo鲁仕国  Father of Lu Guizhen

luohou  落后  backwards

Chongqing  重庆  Former wartime capital of China also known as Chungking

Huang Xingzong  H.T. Huang

Min River   岷江  Great river of China where Dujiangyan is located

Dadu River  大渡河  Another tributary of the Yangzi

Lushan  芦山  City in Sichuan near Ya'an, (written in the book as Loushan)

Lizhuang  李庄 City located on the banks of the Yangzi

Anyang   安阳 City in northern Henan where the Shang period Yin Ruins are located

Wang Yuanlu  圆箓  The guy who got duped into selling 24 wagon loads of treasure, including the Diamond Sutra to Aurel Stein for about 220 quid.

Hanzhong   汉中   City in Shaanxi

Baoji    Another city in Shaanxi

Shaanxi   西  One of the great ancient provinces of China

Jiayuguan  嘉峪关  End of the line as far as the Great Wall went. 

Dunhuang   敦煌  Great trading city and center for Buddhist learning.

Liao Hongying   鸿Chemist, Worked for British Council in Chengdu

Dujiangyan  都江堰  One of the greatest civil irrigation projects in human history that provided benefits to hundreds of millions of people since it was built in 256 BCE

Qin Shihuang   秦始皇 The Qin emperor

Li Bīng   李冰  The official credited with overseeing the entire Dujiangyan project.

Shu kingdom   蜀国 The Kingdom located in and around where present-day Chengdu is located.

Shuangshipu  双石A town near Baoji in Shaanxi

Héxī Corridor河西走廊  The geographic region running east and west inside Gansu Province.  It was an ancient road from thousands of years ago.

Mogao Caves  莫高窟  The caves at Dunhuang where so much Buddhist treasure was found.

Northern Zhou  北周  (557-581) A northern Dynasty during the Northern & Southern Dynasties Period

Nanbei Chao   南北朝  (420-589) The Northern and Southern Dynasties Period

Yang Jian    杨坚 Former Northern Zhou official who went on to found the Sui Dynasty.

Simon Winchester amazon.com page:  http://www.amazon.com/Simon-Winchester/e/B000APLU5E/ref=sr_ntt_srch_lnk_1?qid=1435163989&sr=8-1

 

Direct download: CHP-155-Jospeh_Needham_Part_1.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 4:49pm PST

CHP-154-The Secret Nüshu Script

In this shorter than usual episode Laszlo introduces a little piece of culture taken from the southern portion of Hunan Province.  Generations of illiterate women from a single county on the Hunan-Guangxi border, denied education, created their own writing script.  Men never learned it and so it was used by these women to communicate with each other and to record their secret throughts and inspirations.  Almost lost to posterity, Nüshu has made somewhat of a revival and today others are learning it and keeping it alive. 

Terms from this Episode

 

Nüshu   

Shang Dynasty  商朝  The Shang Dynasty

Xiangnan Tuhua  湘南土  The local dialect of southern Hunan

Chengguan Tuhua  城关土  The dialect in and around Shangjiangxu Town

Cun    Village

Jiangyong County   江永 

Hunan  湖南  Province in China

Guangxi  广西 Province in China

Guilin  桂林  City in Guangxi

Shen Nong    You all remember him from the Tea Series, right??

Yao People  瑶族  The Yao minority people, also called the Dao in Vietnam

Shangjiangxu Town  上江圩  Ground Zero for Nüshu culture, located in Jiangyong County

Nüshu wenhua  文化  Nüshu Culture

Jiebai Zimei  拜姊妹  Sworn Sisters

Laotong  老同  “Old Same” A very close relationship arranged between two girls.  It lasted a lifetime

Jiangyong Xian 江永 Jiangyong County

Sanzhao  三朝  A custom followed on the third day after marriage or after birth

Sanzhaoshu  三朝  The Third Day Book

Xianfeng Emperor  咸丰帝

Guangxu Emperor  

Yang Huanyi    The last person who actually lived the Nüshu Culture.

Puyi     The Last Emperor

Putonghua  普通  Mandarin (language)

Zhou Shuoyi    Researcher who did much to revive Nüshu Culture

Yang Yueqing  月清 Canadian Film maker

 

 

Lisa See  http://www.lisasee.com/

Lisa See’s Novel about Nüshu, Snow Flower and the Secret Fan

 

Learn Mandarin at MSL MASTER:  http://mslmaster.com

 

Yang Yueqing’s documentary “Nü Shu: A Hidden Language of Women in China”

http://www.wmm.com/filmcatalog/makers/fm432.shtml

Direct download: CHP-154-The_Secret_Nushu_Script.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 6:12am PST

CHP-153-The History of Opium in China

In this episode Laszlo examines remarks made by distinguished UCLA Professor of Public Policy Mark Kleiman who had commented on Britain's participation in the Opium War.  The main point was that the cause of the Opium War was due more to protecting imperial tax revenues and the domestic market than trying to stamp out the opium problem. Opium's history in China began centuries before, at least during the Tang and maybe as far back as the Eastern Jin.  The focus of this episode is on opium's history in China prior to the Opium War.

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

lao pengyou  老朋友   Old friends.

Xia Dynasty  夏朝

Shang Dynasty  商朝

Eastern Zhou 

Eastern Jin  

Nanfang Caomu Zhuang  南方草木装  Western Jin Scholar Ji Han (嵇含)

A Fu Rong 阿芙蓉  Ancient name for opium

A Fei Rong 阿肥蓉   Another name for opium

He Fu Rong 合甫融  Another name for opium

Yapian   Opium from the Arabic / Persian work afyun

Jiu Tang Shu  旧唐  The Old Book of Tang

Chen Cangqi’s Bencao Shiyi  陈藏器,本草拾遗   the Supplement to the Materia Medica

Tang Xuanzong  唐玄宗  Tang emperor on duty when the dynasty peaked a second time.

Southern Song  南宋 

Ying Su poppy

Su Dongpo    苏东  a.k.a. Su Shi  苏轼

Xu Boling  徐伯 Wrote in 1483 about opium’s use in China as an aphrodisiac

Siku Quanshu    The Complete Library of the Four Treasures

Qianlong 乾隆帝  The long reigning Qianlong emperor

Yongle Emperor   大典  Yongle Encyclopedia

Xie Zhaozhe  肇淛 lived in late 16th – early 17th century Ming Dynasty China was a prolific writer of books

Ming Chenghua  明成化  Ming emperor

chunyao    aphrodisiac

Li Shízhēn 李時珍 Compendium of Materia Medica, the Bencao Gangmu 本草 - 1578

Tainan  台南  City on south coast of Taiwan

Madak  达克  Mixture of opium and tobacco

Ming Chongzhen  明崇  Final Ming emperor, committed suicide when the dynasty fell

Wan Li Emperor 明万  Ming emperor

Shisan Ling   十三陵  the Thirteen Ming Tombs just north of Beijing

Dingling  定陵  The Wanli Emperor's Tomb, excavated in 1956

Lady Zheng  郑贵  Wanli Emperor’s favorite consort

Kangxi emperor  康熙  Great and long reigning Qing emperor

Yongzheng Emperor   雍正  Successor to the Kangxi emperor

Jiajing Emperor  嘉靖  Qing emperor who followed the Qianlong emperor

Daoguang emperor  道光   Qing emperor who was on duty when the roof caved in on China

da Tu   大土  Patna opium (big soil)

xiao tu   小土  Malwa opium (马尔瓦鸦片) (small soil)

gong tu   公土   Another name for Malwa opium common soil.

Lin Zexu    Chinese hero who stood up to Britain

Zhang Changjia  昌甲 wrote a book in 1878 called “Opium Talk”, Yan Hua. 

Pu Yi    The last Qing emperor

Empress Wanrong  婉容皇后  Empress of China’s last emperor Pu Yi

Chen Chong    Joan Chen

Du Yuesheng   杜月笙  Big-Ears Tu

Yapian Guan   鸦片馆  An opium house

Yan Guan     An opium house

Ying chou   迎抽 A welcome smoke offered a gues upon arriving at your house

Shen Nong    

Lu Yu     

 

ChineseSkill: Find it at http://www.chinese-skill.com/cs.html

Download the free APP and start learning to speak Mandarin like the Pro's!

 

For more on opium and eroticism in Chinese literature:

Keith McMahon http://kmcmahon.faculty.ku.edu//

Professor, Chinese Language and Literature
East Asian Languages and Cultures
University of Kansas
 

Peter Lee's Opium Culture amazon link

Narcotic Culture - A History of Drugs in China

Direct download: CHP-153-The_History_of_Opium_in_China.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 3:24pm PST

CHP-152-The Flying Tigers Part 2

Laszlo finishes off the CHP overview of the story of the AVG in World War II.  In this episode the battle commences on December 20, 1941. From that point forward until the organization was disbanded on July 4, 1942 the Flying Tigers wrote their name into the history books.  

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Song Meiling 宋美龄 Soong Mei-ling, Madame Chiang Kai-shek

T.V. Song  宋子文  T.V. Soong, brother of Song Meiling

Yunnan  云南  Province in Southwestern China

Fei Hu  飞虎  The Flying Tigers

Kunming  昆明  Capital of Yunnan

Chen Xiangmei  陈香梅  Anna Chennault, 2nd wife of Claire Chennault

Nu Jiang  怒江  The Salween River separating Yunnan from Burma

Guilin  桂林  City in Guangxi

Hengyang  衡阳  City in Hunan

Yangren laihua zhuzhan, junmin yiti jiuhu  

洋人来华助战,军民一体救护 (洋人來華助戰,軍民一體救護)

This foreigner has come to China to help in the war. Soldiers and civilians, one and all, should rescue and protect him.

Hangkong Weiyuanhui 航空委员会  The Aviation Committee

Zhongguo Laobaixing  中国老百姓  The Chinese People

Jianchuan Museum 建川博物馆聚落  The Jianchuan Museum Complex

Feihu Qibingguan  飞虎奇兵馆  The Flying Tigers Museum

Fan Jianchuan  樊建川  Chengdu real estate mogul, founder of the museum complex

Daniel Ford's Book:  Flying Tigers: Claire Chennault and his American Volunteers 1941-1942

The Jianchuan Museum Complex Web Site

The Flying Tigers Official Web Site

Ray Harris's History of WWII Podcast

Direct download: CHP-152-The_Flying_Tigers_Part_2.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 1:08pm PST

CHP-151-The Flying Tigers Part 1

In this Part 1 episode Laszlo provides all the setup and background for the magnificent story of the American Volunteer Group, known more popularly as The Flying Tigers.  Their’s was only an eight month long story but their success at a time when all seemed hopeless provided an inspiration to many and showed Japan was not invincible. 

 

Terms from this episode:

 

Zhong-Mei guanxi  中美关系  Sino-US relations

Zhōng-Mei hezuo  中美合作   Sino-US cooperation

Maguan Tiaoyue     关条   The Treaty of Shimonoseki 1895

Jiuyiba   九一八   The Mukden Incident of 9-18-1931

Qiqi Shibian  七七事  the Marco Polo Bridge Incident 7-7-1937

Chongqing     The wartime capital of Chongqing (also known as Chungking)

Kunming   昆明  Capital of Yunnan province.  Terminus of the Burma Road

T.V. Soong   宋子文  The often US-based brother of the Song sisters

Ailing  蔼龄  Oldest sister, Song Ailing, wife of Winston H.H. Kung

Qingling  庆龄   Middle sister, Song Qingling, Madame Sun Yat-sen

Meiling   宋美   Youngest sister, Song Meiling, Madame Chiang Kai-shek

Baituan Dazhan    the Hundred Regiments Offensive late 1940

Peng Dehuai   彭德怀  Legendary PLA general who led the Hundred Regiments Offensive

Sanguang Zhengce   三光政策  Japan’s horrific Three All’s Policy

Diamian Gonglu  公路  The Burma Road

 

Direct download: CHP-151-The_Flying_Tigers_Part_1.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 12:39pm PST

CHP-150-The History of the Hakka People

CHP-150-The Hakka’s

 

In this milestone 150th CHP episode Laszlo shines a light on the Hakka people and where they fit in Chinese history.  There are no shortages of authoritative sources that all disagree as to their origins ands when the Hakka’s migrated from where to where.  Legends and stereotypes surrounded this sub-group of Chinese.  But one thing is for sure they  have carved an indelible spot in worldwide Chinese culture.  More than 80 million Hakka’s call this solar system their home.  Fifty minutes hardly offers a comprehensive look at any culture, let alone 客家文化.   In this episode Laszlo offers a general overview.  As always there is plenty of reading you can do and videos you can watch that give you a more satisfying meal than this episode can.

 Terms from this Episode

Hakka people  客家人  Translates to “Guest People”

Gan    Abbreviation for Jiangxi Province

Gan River    Main river in Jiangxi

Ganzhou     City in Jiangxi

Sima Yan     Founded Jin Dynasty. Temple name Jin Wudi

Cao Wei   曹魏  Northern of the Three Kingdoms

Shu    The western of the Three Kingdoms

Wu    The eastern of the Three Kingdoms

Jin Dynasty  晋朝  Founded by Jin Wudi

The Han    The Han Dynasty

Jin Wudi   晋武帝  Jin Dynasty founder

Luoyang  洛阳  Ancient capital city in China history

Emperor Min  晋愍帝  Last Western Jin emperor

Huizong  徽宗  Last emperor of the Northern Song

Wuhu   五胡  The Five Barbarian Tribes

Xiōngnú   匈奴  One of the Five Barbarian Tribes

Jié  One of the Five Barbarian Tribes

Xianbei    One of the Five Barbarian Tribes

     One of the Five Barbarian Tribes

Qiāng   One of the Five Barbarian Tribes

Zhao     Surname of the Song Dynasty emperors

Jiankang  建康  Ancient name of Nanjing

Nanjing   南京  City in Jiangsu, means Southern capital

Liu Yu   刘裕  Founder of the Liu Song (also known as 刘宋武帝)

Liu Song   刘宋  First of the Southern Kingdoms

Nanbei Chao   南北朝  The Southern and Northern Kingdoms period

Shibi Village   石壁村  Place in Fujian where the Hakka’s first settled

Yan’an   延安  City in Shaanxi, where the Long March concluded

Zudi  祖地  Ancestral land

Ninghua County  宁化  County in Fujian

Tingzhou   汀洲  Another place not far from Shibi where the Hakka’s first assembled

Changting     Present day name for Tingzhou

Luo Xianglin   祥林  Hakka historian

Kejia Yanjiu Daoliu  客家研究  Luo Xianglin’s 1933 book “An Introduction to the Study of the Hakka’s,”

Huang Chao Uprising  黄巢之乱  Uprising in the late Tang from 881 to 884

Zhao Kuangyin   匡胤  Founder of the Song Dynasty

Kaifeng   开封  Capital of the Northern Song

Lin’an     Capital of Southern Song (present day Hangzhou)

Zheng Chenggong   成功  Taiwan hero, better known as Koxinga

Kangxi emperor   康熙  Long reigning early Qing Dynasty emperor

Qian Hai Ling   遷海令The Great Clearance, or coastal evacuation

Bendi  本地  Also known as the Punt in Cantonese, means Native

Chaozhou  潮州City in Guangdong, above Shantou.  The people are known as Teochew

Shantou    Coastal city in Guangdong adjacent to Chaozhou

Chaoshan   潮汕  Abbreviation for Chaozhou-Shantou

Jieyang  揭阳  Predominantly Hakka city just west of Chaozhou and Shantou.

Yue    Abbreviation for Guangdong

Kejia ren  客家人  A Hakka Person

Meizhou   梅州  City in northeast Guangdong

Biaozhun    a standard

Meixian   Mei County

Yanju Ji   盐焗鸡  Salt Baked Chicken

Niang Doufu   豆腐  The most famous Hakka dish

Tu Kè Xièdòu   土客械斗   The Punti-Hakka Clan Wars from1855 and 1867

Taishan   台山  City known as Toi San.

Qingchao Monian   清朝末年  The final years of the Qing dynasty

Min    Fujian people, also an abbreviation of Fujian

Hong Xiuquan   洪秀全  Responsible for the Taiping Rebellion

Xiang    Abbreviation of Hunan

Han Su-yin  素音  Born in Xinyang, Henan, home of Xinyang Maojian tea. Han Su Yin was the pen name of author Elizabeth Comber

Hsieh T’ing-yu  Historian who wrote The Origin and Migrations of the Hakkas (1929)

Nàxī  西  Ethnic minority group around Lijiang in Yunnan

Tulou   土楼  The circular and square Hakka compounds

Hui     The character “to return”.

Yongding County   永定 County in southern Fujian near Guangdong border

Weilong Wu   围龙  Distinctive single level concentric U-shaped structures

Kejia shange   客家山歌  Hakka mountain folk songs

Leicha   擂茶  Hakka pounded tea

 

Famous Hakka

Deng Xiaoping   小平

Yang Shangkun  尚昆

Lee Kwan Yew   李光耀

Zhu De   朱德

Ye Jianying  

Su Yu  粟裕

Chen Yi  

Hua Guofeng  

Hu Yaobang   胡耀邦

Guo Moruo  郭沫若

Liu Bocheng   刘伯承(maybe)

Nie Rongzhen   荣臻  (maybe)

Zhang Guotao  

Ouyang Xiu   欧阳修

Aw Boon Haw   胡文虎

Aw Boon Par  胡文豹

Chow Yun-fat   润发

Lee Denghui   李登

Charlie Soong   宋嘉

Song Ailing  

Song Qingling庆龄

Song Meiling   宋美

T.V. Soong   宋子文

 

Henan Xinyang Maojian tea  河南信阳毛尖茶

Láoshan  

谢谢温老

 

 

Jemimah Steinfeld:  Little Emperors and Material Girls: Youth and Sex in Modern China

Mary Erbaugh."The Secret History of the Hakkas: The Chinese revolution as a Hakka Enterprise"

University of Pittsburgh Professor and Director of their Asian Studies Center Nicole Constable: Guest People: Hakka Identity in China and Abroad

Direct download: CHP-150-The_History_of_the_Hakka_People.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 9:40am PST

In this final episode of the CHP's ten-part History of Tea series Laszlo travels from province to province introducing the more famous of China's teas.  

The History of Tea Part 10 Terms

 

Pu’er普洱  City in Yunnan famous for Pu’er Tea

Qingming Festival  清明 Grave Sweeping Festival, usually around April 5-6

Shu Pu’er  熟普洱Ripe Pu’er Tea

Wodui  渥堆  The process to speed up the ripening of Pu’er tea

Longjing tea  井茶  The famous green tea from the West Lake area in Hangzhou

Qianlong  乾隆帝  Qing dynasty emperor. No need to get into an detail.

Hugong Temple 胡公Temple in Longjing Village

Shanzhai 山寨  Slang for cheap imitation consumer goods

Maojian   毛尖  “Downy tip” or “Fur tip” tea leaves consisting of a bud and single leaf.

Maofeng   毛峰  The classic bud set consisting of a bud and the two top leaves.

Zhucha  珠茶  “Pearl” Tea or Gunpowder Tea.

Pingshui 平水  Pingshui, just south of Shaoxing 紹興

Huangshan Maofeng  黄山毛峰  The most famous “maofeng” tea from the Huangshan area in Anhui

Huangshan  黄山  One of China’s sacred mountains, located in Anhui

Lu’an  六安  City in Anhui

Lu’an Guapian  六安瓜片  The specialty of Lu’an, Melon Seed Tea

Shanghai Tianshan Chacheng  上海天山茶 A tea shopping center located in Shanghai

Chacheng  茶城  A tea city, the name given to these “tea malls”

Yan cha  岩茶  Rock Tea from the cliffs of Wuyi Shan

Xinyang Maojian  信阳毛尖  The specialty of Henan province, the most northerly grown tea in China.

Jiān   Tip

Tsim Sha Tsui  尖沙咀  The district at the southern tip of Kowloon in Hong Kong

Xishuangbanna  西双版 City in southern Yunnan, ground zero for wild tea trees

Ankang  安康  Prefectural-level city located at the southeast corner of Shaanxi province. Known as the city of folk songs.

Ziyang Maojian  紫阳毛尖茶  Selenium rich tea from Ziyang County in Shaanxi  

    Selenium 

Taiping Houkui  太平猴魁  Tea grown near Huangshan in Anhui

Houkui  猴魁Monkey King

Bai Mudan  白牡丹White Peony tea

Baihao Yinzhen  白毫银针  Silver Needle tea. 

Tieguanyin   铁观Iron Goddess or Iron Buddha Tea named for Guanyin

Anxi  安溪  City in southern Fujian famous for their Tieguanyin Tea

Dancong  单枞The most famous tea coming from Guangdong province

Chaozhou  潮州  City bordering Shantou on the southeast coast of Guangdong

Shantou   City bordering Chaozhou on the southeast coast of Guangdong

Shaxian   County in west central Fujian province famous for, among other things, their snack foods.

Sanming  三明市  city located next to Sha County

Jinjunmei   A kind of black tea from Tongmu Village in Wuyi Shan Fujian

Tongmu Village 桐木村  Village near Wuyi Shanknown as the birthplace of black tea

Rougui  肉桂茶  Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area

Da Hong Pao  袍茶  “Big Red Robe” tea. One of the greatest and renowned Rock Teas

Tieluohan  铁罗汉茶  Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area

Shuixian  水仙茶  Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area

Shui Jin Gui  水金龟茶 Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area

Bai Ji Guan 冠茶 Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area

Li Chunsheng 李春生 A Fujianese called Co-father of the Taiwan Tea industry. Left a great legacy in early Taiwan history.

Duyun Maojian  都匀毛尖  Tea from Duyun, Guizhou, about two hours by car west of the capital Guiyang.

Yugou Cha  勾茶  Fish Hook Tea, former name of Duyun Maojian Tea

Guiding Yunwu 贵顶云雾茶  A famous tea of Guizhou Province

Meijiang Cuipian  眉江翠片茶  Another great Guizhou green tea

Liubao六堡  in the eastern part of Guangxi near the border with Guangdong. Famous for their black tea. Particularly popular in Malaysia and among most all Pu’er lovers.

Guiping Xishan tea  桂平西山茶Another great and much loved Guangxi Tea

Gan Lu Tea甘露茶  Sweet Dew Tea, the famous tea of Mengding Shan.

Wu Lizhen  吴理真 Buddhist Monk credited with the cultivation of tea on Mengding Shan.

Mengding Shan  Mountain in Sichuan where tea cultivation began in China

Biancha   Border Tea, tea destined for the markets bordering China. They weren’t choosy.

Renmin Gongyuan  人民公园  Nice park in central Chengdu where you can kick back, drink tea and groove on a little Chengdu traditional culture.

Cháng zuǐ    A long spouted tea pot

Chama Gudao  古道 the Ancient Tea Horse Road

   The old borrowed character for tea

Chá    The character for tea, beginning around Lu Yu’s time in the Tang

Mengding shan Xueya  山雪芽One of the big teas of the Mengding Shan area 

Zhuyeqing  竹叶青茶 A great green tea from the E’Mei Shan area in Sichuan

Qingcheng shan Snow Bud  青城山雪芽茶Another great Sichuan Tea from the Dujiangyan area

E’mei Shan Maofeng  峨眉山毛峰  Yet another great green from Sichuan’s E’Mei Shan region.

E’Mei Shan Bai Ya  峨眉山白牙Same with this one. Another famous Sichuan tea.

Biluochun  碧螺春  “Green Snail Spring” tea from Jiangsu province.

Kangxi  康熙  Grandfather of Qianlong.  Both of these emperors were great partons of imperial tea culture.

Ming Mei tea茗眉茶a.k.a Lady’s Slender Eyebrows Tea, grown in Wuyuan County just east of Jingdezhen and just south of

Wuyuan County  婺源County in Jiangxi famous for, among other things, tea.

Lushan Yunwu  山云  Jiangxi’s famous Lushan Cloud and Mist tea

Jiujiang City  九江City on the western side of Lake Poyang in northwest Jiangxi

Zhu De  朱德  Mao’s oldest comrade and PLA Founder.  A living legend in his time and beloved by the people.

Zhu De's poem about Lushan Yunwu Tea, with Pinyin:

Lúshān yúnwù chá, wèi nóng xìng pōlà, ruò dé chángshí yǐn, yánnián yìshòu fǎ. 

The flavor of Lushan Yunwu tea is strong and intense.  If you drink it for long it is a way to attain longevity.

庐山云雾茶,味浓性泼辣,若得长时饮,延年益寿法

 

Yichang 宜昌  Historic city in southern Hubei

Jingmen  荆门Another ancient Hubei city located north of Yichang

Yuan’an County  远安县County in Hubei. Yichang is the administrative seat. Famous for their Yuan’an Lu Yuan Tea.

Yuan’an Lu Yuan远安鹿苑茶 The local specialty of Hubei Yuan’an County. A famous yellow tea

En’shi Yu Lu  恩施玉露茶  A Hubei green tea from the city of Enshi near the Wufeng Mountains

Junshan Yinzhen  君山银针茶  “Gentleman Mountain Silver Needle Tea”, a yellow tea only found on Junshan Island in Hunan.

Dongting Hu  洞庭湖  Lake Dongting, located in northern Hunan.

Hu   Lake

Nan   South

Bei   North

Ba Shu  巴蜀  The ancient state in Sichuan who brought us tea cultivateon

Tang Taizong  唐太宗   The second emperor of the Tang Dynasty.  Already enough said about him.

 

THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. 

 

This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed BOOK. 

 

“Tea in China: A Religious and Cultural History”by James A. Benn

Link to the book

 

 

Direct download: CHP-149-The_History_of_Tea_Part_10R2.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 6:37pm PST

CHP-148-The History of Tea Part 9

In this penultimate episode of the China History Podcast History of Tea series Laszlo finishes off the story of Robert Fortune and introduces Sir Robert J. Lipton. This CHP long history of Chinese tea started off slow and in this Part 9 fizzles out altogether.  Laszlo also introduces a little overview of Pu-erh Tea as an extra bonus.

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

 

Wuyi Mountains  武夷山 The fabled Wuyi Mountains of northern Fujian

Shen Nong    Second of the Three Soveriegns, discoverer of tea and author of the Bencaojing (see below)

Tu    This is what tea used to be called before it became cha

zhenzhu naicha  珍珠奶茶  Boba Milk Tea

Bencaojing  本草 the Classic of Herbal Medicine (attributed to Shen Nong)

Wang Bao王褒  Western Han individual involved in a contract for a servant

Emperor Xuan宣帝 Han Emperor Xuan 

Wu Lizhen吴理真 Buddhist Monk credited with the cultivation of tea on Mengding Shan

Mengding shan    Mountain in Sichuan where tea cultivation began in China

The Shuowen Jiezi  文解字  Han Dynasty dictionary

Ming    Another name for Tea

Er Ya    The first dictionary in China

Guang Ya  广雅  An updated version of the Er Ya

Ba Shu  巴蜀  巴蜀  Ancient state from the Shu Kingdom

Chengdu cai  成都菜  Chengdu style cuisine

Shu Feng Yuan    The Chengdu joint in Rowland Heights preferred by Laszlo

gongcha  tribute tea

Sui  隋朝 The Sui Dynasty

Tang  唐朝  The Tang Dyansty

Lu Yu    Patron Saint of Tea, prominently featured in History of Tea Part 3

Biancha    Border tea….tea that was specially processed and packaged for the border peoples of China

chama gudao  古道 the ancient Tea-Horse Road

Chan Buddhism    Zen Buddhism

Lu Tong  The great poet and bon vivant

Qi Wan Shi  七碗  Lu Tong’s poem Seven Bowls of Tea

Jian ware  建窑  Jian ware

xing ware  邢窑  Xing ware from Hebei

qīngbái  清白 Unique white porcelain of the Song

chaju  茶具  Tea ware

Song  宋朝  The Song Dynasty

Diancha  点茶  To whisk powdered tea

Doucha  斗茶  A tea contest

Charen  茶人  A “tea person”, someone in love with or expert in tea

Cai Xiang  蔡襄  Great calligrapher and tea expert from the Northern Song

Cha Lu  the Record of Tea

Su Shi   苏轼 Famous official, man of letters and all around Hometown Hero of Hangzhou

Su Dongpo  苏东 Su Shi’s other name

Dongpo Rou  坡肉  The dish attributed to Su Dongpo. A tasty Hangzhou specialty

K.S. Lo  桂祥  Dr. K.S. Lo (1910-1995) Vitasoy Founder and passionate Yixing pottery and ceramics collector.

Ming  明朝  Ming Dynasty

Zhu Yuanzhang  朱元璋 the Hongwu Emperor 洪武帝

Zhu Quan  Son of Hongwu Emperor, writer of the Cha Pu (different from the Cai Xiang Cha Pu)

Jingdezhen  景德  Famous historic city in Jiangxi famous for everything produced from their kilns

Yixing     City along Tai Hu in Jiangsu famous for their teapots

Pu Erh  普洱茶  Pu-er tea (written Pu-Er and with an h on the end.)

Oolong  乌龙  Oolong tea

cha dashi  茶大  A Tea master

dìjíshìi    A Prefectural level city….has more authority than other cities their size.

Xishuangbanna  西双版  City in southern Yunnan

Simao  思茅   Temporary name for Pu’er. Now a district of Pu’er City

zisha 紫砂  Purple clay, main ingredient of Yixing teapots

Qingming Holiday  清明 also known as Grave-Sweeping Festival, Usually falls on April 4 or 5

Shanzhai  山寨  a metaphor for a low-end copy-cat products and factories that produces fakes

qi zi bing cha  七子 Seven Sons Tea Cake

cha dao  茶刀  A tea knife

Yìwǔ  易武  City in Yunnan

Yìwū  义乌  City in central Zhejiang, renowned as the center of China’s merchandise wholesale trade

Wuliang  无量山 Mountain area in Yunnan for famous for their Pu-er Tea

Ailao  哀牢山  Mountain area in Yunnan for famous for their Pu-er Tea

Daxue Mountains  大雪山  Mountain area in Yunnan for famous for their Pu-er Tea

Tedian  特点 special point…outstanding characteristic

Sheng Pu’er  生普洱  Raw Pu-er tea that has not ripened yet

Shou Pu’er  熟普洱 Ripe Pu-er tea that has aged naturally over time or spec up through the Wo Dui process.

Wodui  渥堆  A process of speeding up the ripening of raw maocha.

cha nong茶农 A tea farmer

sha qing  杀青  To “kill green”. Heat the tea leaves to deactivate the enzymes

rounian  揉捻  The “rolling” of the tea leaves.

Maocha  毛茶  Pu-er tea in its raw state.  Can be packed at once for sheng pu-er or wòduīprocessed to speed up the ripening.

Kunming Cha Chang  昆明茶厂 the Kunming Tea Factory

Bingcha  饼茶 A tea cake

Tuocha沱茶  Bird nest shaped cakes of Pu-er tea in all kinds of sizes.

hē xibeifēng  喝西北风  To east dust.  To “drink the northwest wind”

gushu  古树 ancient tree 

baojianpin  保健品  Health products

 

Babelcap:  A Chinese Tea Lexicon  http://babelcarp.org/babelcarp/

 

Sarah Rose’s book: For all the Tea in China

 

THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. 

 

This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print. 

 

Robert Fortune’s Two books:

Three Years' Wanderings in the Northern Provinces of China

A Journey to the Tea Countries of China

 

 

Direct download: CHP-148-The_History_of_Tea_Part_9R.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 4:05pm PST

CHP-147-The History of Tea Part 8

In this 8th installment of the CHP History of Tea series Laszlo introduces the story of Mr. Robert Fortune.  With Britain’s East India Company bankrolling him, Fortune played a most key role in breaking China’s millennia old monopoly of tea manufacturing and export.  

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Shen Nong神农 One of the all time greats in legendary Chinese history. Discovered tea’s pleasures and passed it on to Chinese civilization

Yuantou    The fountainhead or source

Chaju  茶具  Teaware

Guangcai  广彩  A type of colorful porcelain that was a specialty in Guangzhou

Wuyi Shan  武夷山Wu Yi Mountains in northern Fujian

Lin Zexu    19th century Chinese hero who stood up to the West and burned all the opium in Humen in 1839

Huangshan黄山 Yellow Mountain in southern Anhui, one of the most sacred mountains in China

Bohea  武夷茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers

Congou  工夫One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers

Souchong小种  Lapsong Souchong Tea (正山小种茶)

Pekoe白毫 One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers. (See Bai Hao above)

Hyson  熙春茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers, also known as Lucky Dragon Tea

Gunpowder Tea珠茶  A pellet shaped green tea

Longjing cha  井茶  Dragon Well Tea from Longjing Village outside Hangzhou

Qionglai, Sichuan  四川邛 Tea growing city southwest of Chengdu

Gaiwan  盖碗  A covered tea bowl.

Ren duo hao ban shi  人多好 Chairman Mao was credited with saying this…that having a lot of people to do something made the task easier.

 

Sarah Rose’s book: For all the Tea in China

 THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. 

 This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print. 

Robert Fortunes Two Books:

Three Years' Wanderings in the Northern Provinces of China

A Journey to the Tea Countries of China

 

 

 

Direct download: CHP-147-The_History_of_Tea_Part_8R.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 2:50am PST

CHP-146-The History of Tea Part 7

In Part 7 of the CHP History of Tea series we look at what happened after Europeans first came to China and instantly fell in love with tea. The period covered in this episode is the late Ming and the Qing.  

 

CHP-145 TEA PART 7 TERMS

Bohea  武夷茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers

Hyson  熙春茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers, also known as Lucky Dragon Tea

Tuihuo  退  To reject and return cargo.

Chanong    Tea farmer

Get atta hee   Chicagonese for Get out of here.

Qianlong  乾隆帝  Even longer reigning Qing dynasty emperor who acted even more as a model patron of tea culture

Papaver somniferum   The Opium Poppy

Camellia sinensis    The Tea plant

Kangxi  康熙帝  Long reigning Qing dynasty emperor who acted as a model patron of tea culture

Shen Nong  神农 One of the all time greats in legendary Chinese history. Discovered tea’s pleasures and passed it on to Chinese civilization

Jingdezhen  景德  The porcelain capital of China and at one time, the whole world.

Lishan Xiaozhong 立山小种  Lapsong Souchong Tea

Zhengshan Xiaozhong  正山小种  Lapsong Souchong Tea

Wuyi Mountain  武夷山Wu Yi Mountains in northern Fujian

Qimen cha    Keemun Tea from Anhui, a world class China black tea.

Huangshan 黄山 Yellow Mountain in southern Anhui, one of the most sacred mountains in China

Keemun Hao Ya 门毫芽

Keemun Maofeng  门毛峰

Keemun Congou  功夫

Guangxu  绪 Second to the last Qing emperor. 

Tu  What tea used to be called before cha.

Kucai   苦菜  A type of bitter vegetable.

 

THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. 

 

This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print. 

 

Link to Pathlight Magazine: http://paper-republic.org/pubs/pathlight/

 

 

 

Direct download: CHP-146-The_History_of_Tea_Part_7R.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 8:34am PST

1