The China History Podcast
CHP-148-The History of Tea Part 9

In this penultimate episode of the China History Podcast History of Tea series Laszlo finishes off the story of Robert Fortune and introduces Sir Robert J. Lipton. This CHP long history of Chinese tea started off slow and in this Part 9 fizzles out altogether.  Laszlo also introduces a little overview of Pu-erh Tea as an extra bonus.

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

 

Wuyi Mountains  武夷山 The fabled Wuyi Mountains of northern Fujian

Shen Nong    Second of the Three Soveriegns, discoverer of tea and author of the Bencaojing (see below)

Tu    This is what tea used to be called before it became cha

zhenzhu naicha  珍珠奶茶  Boba Milk Tea

Bencaojing  本草 the Classic of Herbal Medicine (attributed to Shen Nong)

Wang Bao王褒  Western Han individual involved in a contract for a servant

Emperor Xuan宣帝 Han Emperor Xuan 

Wu Lizhen吴理真 Buddhist Monk credited with the cultivation of tea on Mengding Shan

Mengding shan    Mountain in Sichuan where tea cultivation began in China

The Shuowen Jiezi  文解字  Han Dynasty dictionary

Ming    Another name for Tea

Er Ya    The first dictionary in China

Guang Ya  广雅  An updated version of the Er Ya

Ba Shu  巴蜀  巴蜀  Ancient state from the Shu Kingdom

Chengdu cai  成都菜  Chengdu style cuisine

Shu Feng Yuan    The Chengdu joint in Rowland Heights preferred by Laszlo

gongcha  tribute tea

Sui  隋朝 The Sui Dynasty

Tang  唐朝  The Tang Dyansty

Lu Yu    Patron Saint of Tea, prominently featured in History of Tea Part 3

Biancha    Border tea….tea that was specially processed and packaged for the border peoples of China

chama gudao  古道 the ancient Tea-Horse Road

Chan Buddhism    Zen Buddhism

Lu Tong  The great poet and bon vivant

Qi Wan Shi  七碗  Lu Tong’s poem Seven Bowls of Tea

Jian ware  建窑  Jian ware

xing ware  邢窑  Xing ware from Hebei

qīngbái  清白 Unique white porcelain of the Song

chaju  茶具  Tea ware

Song  宋朝  The Song Dynasty

Diancha  点茶  To whisk powdered tea

Doucha  斗茶  A tea contest

Charen  茶人  A “tea person”, someone in love with or expert in tea

Cai Xiang  蔡襄  Great calligrapher and tea expert from the Northern Song

Cha Lu  the Record of Tea

Su Shi   苏轼 Famous official, man of letters and all around Hometown Hero of Hangzhou

Su Dongpo  苏东 Su Shi’s other name

Dongpo Rou  坡肉  The dish attributed to Su Dongpo. A tasty Hangzhou specialty

K.S. Lo  桂祥  Dr. K.S. Lo (1910-1995) Vitasoy Founder and passionate Yixing pottery and ceramics collector.

Ming  明朝  Ming Dynasty

Zhu Yuanzhang  朱元璋 the Hongwu Emperor 洪武帝

Zhu Quan  Son of Hongwu Emperor, writer of the Cha Pu (different from the Cai Xiang Cha Pu)

Jingdezhen  景德  Famous historic city in Jiangxi famous for everything produced from their kilns

Yixing     City along Tai Hu in Jiangsu famous for their teapots

Pu Erh  普洱茶  Pu-er tea (written Pu-Er and with an h on the end.)

Oolong  乌龙  Oolong tea

cha dashi  茶大  A Tea master

dìjíshìi    A Prefectural level city….has more authority than other cities their size.

Xishuangbanna  西双版  City in southern Yunnan

Simao  思茅   Temporary name for Pu’er. Now a district of Pu’er City

zisha 紫砂  Purple clay, main ingredient of Yixing teapots

Qingming Holiday  清明 also known as Grave-Sweeping Festival, Usually falls on April 4 or 5

Shanzhai  山寨  a metaphor for a low-end copy-cat products and factories that produces fakes

qi zi bing cha  七子 Seven Sons Tea Cake

cha dao  茶刀  A tea knife

Yìwǔ  易武  City in Yunnan

Yìwū  义乌  City in central Zhejiang, renowned as the center of China’s merchandise wholesale trade

Wuliang  无量山 Mountain area in Yunnan for famous for their Pu-er Tea

Ailao  哀牢山  Mountain area in Yunnan for famous for their Pu-er Tea

Daxue Mountains  大雪山  Mountain area in Yunnan for famous for their Pu-er Tea

Tedian  特点 special point…outstanding characteristic

Sheng Pu’er  生普洱  Raw Pu-er tea that has not ripened yet

Shou Pu’er  熟普洱 Ripe Pu-er tea that has aged naturally over time or spec up through the Wo Dui process.

Wodui  渥堆  A process of speeding up the ripening of raw maocha.

cha nong茶农 A tea farmer

sha qing  杀青  To “kill green”. Heat the tea leaves to deactivate the enzymes

rounian  揉捻  The “rolling” of the tea leaves.

Maocha  毛茶  Pu-er tea in its raw state.  Can be packed at once for sheng pu-er or wòduīprocessed to speed up the ripening.

Kunming Cha Chang  昆明茶厂 the Kunming Tea Factory

Bingcha  饼茶 A tea cake

Tuocha沱茶  Bird nest shaped cakes of Pu-er tea in all kinds of sizes.

hē xibeifēng  喝西北风  To east dust.  To “drink the northwest wind”

gushu  古树 ancient tree 

baojianpin  保健品  Health products

 

Babelcap:  A Chinese Tea Lexicon  http://babelcarp.org/babelcarp/

 

Sarah Rose’s book: For all the Tea in China

 

THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. 

 

This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print. 

 

Robert Fortune’s Two books:

Three Years' Wanderings in the Northern Provinces of China

A Journey to the Tea Countries of China

 

 

Direct download: CHP-148-The_History_of_Tea_Part_9R.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 7:05pm EDT

CHP-147-The History of Tea Part 8

In this 8th installment of the CHP History of Tea series Laszlo introduces the story of Mr. Robert Fortune.  With Britain’s East India Company bankrolling him, Fortune played a most key role in breaking China’s millennia old monopoly of tea manufacturing and export.  

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Shen Nong神农 One of the all time greats in legendary Chinese history. Discovered tea’s pleasures and passed it on to Chinese civilization

Yuantou    The fountainhead or source

Chaju  茶具  Teaware

Guangcai  广彩  A type of colorful porcelain that was a specialty in Guangzhou

Wuyi Shan  武夷山Wu Yi Mountains in northern Fujian

Lin Zexu    19th century Chinese hero who stood up to the West and burned all the opium in Humen in 1839

Huangshan黄山 Yellow Mountain in southern Anhui, one of the most sacred mountains in China

Bohea  武夷茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers

Congou  工夫One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers

Souchong小种  Lapsong Souchong Tea (正山小种茶)

Pekoe白毫 One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers. (See Bai Hao above)

Hyson  熙春茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers, also known as Lucky Dragon Tea

Gunpowder Tea珠茶  A pellet shaped green tea

Longjing cha  井茶  Dragon Well Tea from Longjing Village outside Hangzhou

Qionglai, Sichuan  四川邛 Tea growing city southwest of Chengdu

Gaiwan  盖碗  A covered tea bowl.

Ren duo hao ban shi  人多好 Chairman Mao was credited with saying this…that having a lot of people to do something made the task easier.

 

Sarah Rose’s book: For all the Tea in China

 THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. 

 This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print. 

Robert Fortunes Two Books:

Three Years' Wanderings in the Northern Provinces of China

A Journey to the Tea Countries of China

 

 

 

Direct download: CHP-147-The_History_of_Tea_Part_8R.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 5:50am EDT

CHP-146-The History of Tea Part 7

In Part 7 of the CHP History of Tea series we look at what happened after Europeans first came to China and instantly fell in love with tea. The period covered in this episode is the late Ming and the Qing.  

 

CHP-145 TEA PART 7 TERMS

Bohea  武夷茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers

Hyson  熙春茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers, also known as Lucky Dragon Tea

Tuihuo  退  To reject and return cargo.

Chanong    Tea farmer

Get atta hee   Chicagonese for Get out of here.

Qianlong  乾隆帝  Even longer reigning Qing dynasty emperor who acted even more as a model patron of tea culture

Papaver somniferum   The Opium Poppy

Camellia sinensis    The Tea plant

Kangxi  康熙帝  Long reigning Qing dynasty emperor who acted as a model patron of tea culture

Shen Nong  神农 One of the all time greats in legendary Chinese history. Discovered tea’s pleasures and passed it on to Chinese civilization

Jingdezhen  景德  The porcelain capital of China and at one time, the whole world.

Lishan Xiaozhong 立山小种  Lapsong Souchong Tea

Zhengshan Xiaozhong  正山小种  Lapsong Souchong Tea

Wuyi Mountain  武夷山Wu Yi Mountains in northern Fujian

Qimen cha    Keemun Tea from Anhui, a world class China black tea.

Huangshan 黄山 Yellow Mountain in southern Anhui, one of the most sacred mountains in China

Keemun Hao Ya 门毫芽

Keemun Maofeng  门毛峰

Keemun Congou  功夫

Guangxu  绪 Second to the last Qing emperor. 

Tu  What tea used to be called before cha.

Kucai   苦菜  A type of bitter vegetable.

 

THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. 

 

This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print. 

 

Link to Pathlight Magazine: http://paper-republic.org/pubs/pathlight/

 

 

 

Direct download: CHP-146-The_History_of_Tea_Part_7R.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 11:34am EDT

1