The China History Podcast
CHP-159-Chinese American Stars and Entertainers of Old Hollywood

In this episode Laszlo focuses on the history of Chinese Americans in the early years of Hollywood.  The period will focus on the 1920's to the 1950's.  During those years Asian Americans had a rough time in Hollywood trying to break away from stereotypical roles. American laws and attitudes stacked the deck against them but through their sacrifices and perseverance they blazed the trail for today's generation of Chinese-American movie, theater and TV artists.  CHP-159 looks at the lives of Anna May Wong and Jadin Wong as a window into these times. Below are the terms from this episode as well as some resources about Chinese Hollywood and Chinatowns.

Terms from this Episode

Marion Wong  黄女娣  Young film pioneer, established Mandarin Film Co. in 1916

Esther Eng    Producer, Director of Chinese language films in the US

James B. Leong  Chinese American actor between 1923-1960, directed Lotus Blossom in 1921.

Joseph Sunn Jue  The Darryl Zanuck of Chinatown, director and producer

Wong Chin Foo  王清福   Subject of Scott Seligman's book "The First Chinese American."

Anna May Wong   黄柳霜  1905-1961 American actress of the early days of Hollywood

Wong Sam Sing  黄善兴  Anna May Wong's father

Lee Gon Toy    Anna May Wong's mother

Taishan  台山  Historic town in the Pearl River delta region

Chang On  长安  Anna May Wong's father's ancestral village

Jadin Wong   黄玉美  Chinese American entertainer and later agent

Bok Kai Temple 北溪庙  Temple in Marysville, CA

Charlie Low  He built the Forbidden City nightclub in San Francisco

Arthur Dong 曾奕田 Documentary film maker, founder of Deep Focus Productions

Noel Toy  The Chinese Sally Rand, early Forbidden City club performer of risque dances

Coby Yee Entertainer and later owner of the Forbidden City

Haing S. Ngor吴汉润 Winner of the 1985 Oscar for Best Supporting actor for his unforgettable performance in the Killing Fields, gunned down in Chinatown in 1996.

Bessie Loo  Early Hollywood agent who specialized in roles for Asian American artists

John Lone  尊龙  Actor who played Pu Yi in Bertolucci's The Last Emperor

Joan Chen  陈冲  Actress who played in many roles in the 80's and 90's

Lucy Liu   刘玉玲  Reigning queen of Hollywood martial arts action films

Bai Ling  白灵 Actress who was also a client of Jadin Wong

David Henry Hwang  黄哲伦  Multi-talented artist best known for his play and film M. Butterfly

Larry Ching  The Chinese Sinatra, and a future CHP topic one day.

The Kim Loo Sisters  known as The Chinese Andrews Sisters

Dorothy Fong Toy  known as The Chinese Ginger Rogers

You Yat Mar  The Chinese Sophie Tucker

Chai Hong   The Chinese Chaplin

Barbara Jean Wong  The Chinese Shirley Temple

Nancy Kwan   关家蒨  Famous for her roles in The World of Suzie Wong and The Flower Drum Song

Keye Luke   陆锡麟  Best known for his role as Charlie Chan's Number One Son, Keye Luke had a very prolific and successful career in Hollywood.

Victor Sen Yung   杨森  Best known for his role as Hop Sing on Bonanza

Benson Fong   邝炳雄  Famous for many roles and for his Ah Fong's restaurants

Sammee Tong  Played John Forsyth's houseboy Peter Tong in The Bachelor Father TV series

Kam Fong  Most famous for his role as Chin Ho Kelly in the old Hawaii Five-0 series.

Tsai Chin   周采芹  Had a rich career on stage and on screen. Unforgettable in You Only Live Twice and The Joy Luck Club

Lisa Lu  卢燕  Three time Golden Horse Award winner. Still active in the movies and on TV since 1958.  Played the dying Empress Dowager Cixi in The Last Emperor.

James Wong Howe   黄宗霑  The immortal Hollywood cinematographer. Did over 130 films. Famous for Deep Focus cinematography. Nominated for ten Oscars, won two.  His own life was like a movie.

James Hong   吴汉章  One of the best known faces in Hollywood in over 500 roles on TV and in the movies. Played Lo Pan in John Carpenter's Big Trouble in Little China and Kahn, the butler in Chinatown.

 

Suggested Links for Further Study: 

Arthur Dong: Deep Focus Productions

Anna May Wong's IMDb Page

The Chinese American Museum, Los Angeles

The Chinese Historical Society of Southern California

Asian American Arts Alliance - Jadin Wong Award

 

Books: 

Forbidden City USA  - Book of the Arthur Dong documentary

"Anna May Wong: From Laundryman's Daughter to Hollywood Legend", Graham Russell Gao Hodges"

Scott Seligman amazon page

Jenny Cho amazon page 

Peter Kwong amazon page

Bonnie Tsui amazon page

Edward Said: Orientalism

 

Videos

Forbidden City USA DVD 

Hollywood Chinese - Arthur Dong documentary

Danwei TV Video on Anna May Wong with Sufei

Anna May Wong in The Toll of the Sea (YouTube) 

Anna May Wong in Bombs Over Burma (YouTube)

Anna May Wong The Lady From Chungking (You Tube)

Yunah Hong speaking about her documentary on Anna May Wong

Direct download: CHP-159-Chinese_American_Stars_and_Entertainers_of_Old_Hollywood.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 2:05am EDT

CHP-158-The Rise and Fall of the Qin Part 2

This time Laszlo finishes off the Qin in two parts as promised.  Apologies for the lopsidedness of it all.  In this extra long episode Laszlo takes the Qin to their height and examines their legacy.  The Qin Dynasty had a spectacular fall lasting only a few years after the early death of its founder Qin Shihuang.

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Qin Shihuang  秦始皇  The First Qin Emperor, Ying Zheng

Shang Yang  商鞅  Great Qin statesman, helped make the Qin. 390-338 BCE

Qin    The kingdom and later dynasty, led by the Ying Clan.

Ying Zheng   嬴政  Qin Shihuang's name 

Duke Xiao   秦孝公  Qin Xiao Gong He lived 381 to 338 BCE

King Huiwen or King Hui  秦惠文王  King of Qin 338-311 BCE, son of Zhaoxiang

Chengdu   成都  Largest city and capital of Sichuan, site of the ancient Shu Kingdom

Qinling Mountains  秦岭Mountain range separating Shaanxi from Sichuan, also Qin Mountains (ling means mountain range)

Wei River   渭河  One of the major tributaries of the Yellow River

Shaanxi  西 Province in China, capital is Xian

Sichuan  四川  Province in southwest China

Shu  蜀国  Shu State near Chengdu

Shiniu Dao  石牛道 the Stone Cattle Road

Ba State   巴国  Ba State near Chongqing

Chongqing    Municipality formerly part of Sichuan

Wu Lizhen   吴理真  Planted seven tea trees on Mengding Mountain, first known tea cultivation

Mengding Shan  Mountain near Chengdu site of the first known cultivation of tea

Sanxingdui   三星堆  Archaeological discovery of an ancient non-Han civilization located halfway between Chengdu and Deyang.

Jinsha   金沙  Another great archaeological discovery near Chengdu.

Dujiangyan  都江堰  One of the most important irrigation projects in Chinese history. It tamed the Min River and  changed the face of agriculture in Sichuan.

Li Bing   李冰  The Qin governor down in Sichuan, directed construction of Dujiangyan.

Fan Sui  范睢  died 255 BCE, gave his king Zhaoxiang the winning strategy

King Zhāoxiāng, Qin Zhao Wang  昭襄王   Qin leader, reined 306-251 BCE

Bai Qi白起  Qin general served under Zhaoxiang.  Undefeated.

Meixian西眉 Mei County in Shaanxi, west of Xian.

Ren Tu   The Butcher of Men, Bai Qi's nickname (well-earned I might add)

Si Da Ming Jiang  四大名将  the four great generals of the day.  Bai Qi白起, Lian Po  , Li Mu李牧 and  Wang Jian 王翦

Battle of Changping   长平之战 The bloody battle where the Qin demolished the Zhao 262-260 BCE

Chu State   楚国  Chu State  near Hubei

Zuo Shu zhang 秦朝左庶 left militia general

Han    The Han Sate, sandwiched between Chu, Qin and Wei

Wei  魏国  Kingdom of Wei, east of Qin, south of Zhao

Yichuan County  伊川is located in Henan just south of Luoyang near the famous Longmen Grottoes.

The Longmen Grottoes  龙门石窟  UNESCO Heritage site containing thousands of statues of Buddha and paintings.

Battle of Yique伊阙, near modern day Longmen, 293 BCE Qin defeated the combined armies of Wei and Han.

Sima Cuo  马错 Qin general. Advised Huiwen to annex Shu and Ba

Huaxia    Ancient core China early name

Zhao     Zhao State  in the Yellow River Valley

Handan   City in Hebei Province, also the capital of Zhao

Zhao Kuo   Son Zhao She, got beat bad at the Battle of Changping

Zhao SheZhao general who once gave the Qin a lickin'

chengyu   Chinese saying or proverb, usually but not always four characters

zhishang tan bing   To discuss military strategy on paper

King Xiaocheng孝成王 King of Zhao who pulled Lian Po from the roster and put in Zhao Kuo

Huaihai Campaign   淮海One of the three final campaigns of the Chinese Civil War of 1948-49.

Sima Qian    China's Herodotus, writer of the Records of the Grand Historian

Gaoping 高平  County level city in southeast Shanxi, site of the Battle of Changping

Shanxi   山西 Province in China just east of Shaanxi

Shennong     The Divine Farmer, legendary discoverer of tea who gifted the Shen Nong Classic of Herbal Medicine.

Yan Di    炎帝 The Flame Emperor, considered to be Shennong

Zhou  周朝  The Zhou Dynasty

Ji clan    家族  The Zhou Dynasty ruling family

King Nǎn, Zhou Nan Wang周赧王 Last emperor of the Zhou Dynasty

King Xiaowen 秦孝文王 Also known as Lord Anguo, Qin Shihuang's grandfather. Didn't reign too long.

Shi Ji     The Records of the Grand Historian by Sima Qian

Han Dynasty  汉朝 One of China's greatest dynasties 206 BCE-220 CE

Lü Buwei  吕不韦  The man who put Qin Shihuang's father on the throne. Regent for young Qin Shihuang.

Zhao Ji 赵姬 Qin Shihuang's mother and a lover to many men (so says Sima Qian)

Lao Ai  嫪毐 Introduced to Zhao Ji after she became the Queen Dowager, tried and failed to seize power

Li Si   李斯 Took the philosophy of Legalism to great heights. Qin Shihuang's right hand man.

Zhao Gao 赵高 Palace eunuch who conspired with Li Si against Qin Shihuang's wishes.

Fu Su   扶苏 Qin Shihuang's heir, tricked into committing suicide

Hu Hai  胡亥 Younger son of Qin Shihuang, allowed Lao Ai and Li Si to stack the deck and allow him to become the new emperor

Meng Tian  蒙恬  Great Qin general who did most of his fighting in the north.  Key person in the construction of the Great Wall

Wey StateDifferent from Wei State 魏国.  Absorbed by Jin before it broken upLü Buwei was from Wey.

Zichu 子楚 Other name of Qin Shihuang's father and later King Zhuangxiang.

Lady Huayang  阳夫人 Wife of Qin King Xiaowen

Zhengguo Canal  郑国渠  joined together the Jing and Luo Rivers, both tributaries of the Wei. Named after the builder Zheng Guo

Chelie 车裂  An ancient punishment where a person was tied to five chariots and pulled apart.

Lin Biao  林彪  Great military man and one time heir to Chairman Mao.

Jing Ke  荆轲  Assassin from Yan who wasn't able to bury his poison dagger into Ying Zheng

Yan   燕国  Yan State near Beijing

Chen Kaige 陈凯Great Chinese film director. The Emperor and the Assassin

Gong Li  巩俐  Famous and talented Chinese actress

Zhang Yimou 张艺谋 One of the great film directors of China

Xiang Yu     The hegemon of Chu State, fought Liu Bang and lost.  Featured in CHP episode 91

Qi     Qi State  near Shandong

Zibo 淄博 Former capital of the Qi State

Lu  鲁国  State to the south of Qi.  Confucius came from Lu.

Qi Lu Liangguo 齐鲁两国  The two Shandong kingdoms of Qi and Lu

Shandong     Northeastern province of China

Wang Ben  王贲 Son of one of the four great generals of the Warring States period

Zhou Wu Wang 周武王 Co-founder of the Zhou, brother of the Duke of Zhou

Shang Dynasty   商朝  The Shang Dynasty 1600 BCE - 1046 BCE

King Zhou  Last Shang King, and a wicked one at that. Also known as Di Xin

Huangdi  皇帝  Emperor

San Huang Wu Di   三皇五帝  The mythical Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors

Shi'er Jinren  十二金人  Twelve Gold Men made from all the melted down weapons handed in from the defeated warring states

Xianyang   咸阳 Near modern day Xian. Capital of Qin

Lingnan   岭南the southern region of China comprising mostly Guangdong and Guangxi

Guangdong 广东 southernmost province of continental China and a rich one at that

Guangxi  广西 An autonomous region just west of Guangdong

Fujian  福建  Province just north of Guangdong

Baiyue百越 The Hundred Yue

Nanyue  南越 the southern Yue

Tu Sui  屠睢  Qin general who got schooled when he invaded the Lingnan region

Han Wudi 汉武帝 Great conquering emperor of the Western Han Dynasty

beifang caoyuan 北方草原  The grasslands of the north

Xiongnu  匈奴  Also referred to sometimes as the Huns, a northern nomadic people

Xiang Jiang  湘江 The Xiang River

Dongting Lake  洞庭湖 the dividing marker between Hubei and Hunan.

Guilin  桂林 Gorgeous city in Guangxi

Li Jiang  漓江 the Li River (not to be confused with the other Li River

Min 岷江  Min River in Sichuan, tamed by the Dujiangyan irrigation project

Lingqu Canal 灵渠 The Ling Canal...linked the Xiang with the Li

Qinchao Sanda Shuiligongcheng秦朝三大水利工程  The three great irrigation project of the Qin

Shi Lu史禄  Architect of the Ling Qu, the Ling Canal

zhishi fenzi分子 intellectuals

Huizong 宋徽宗  Song Dynasty emperor, featured in a CHP four-part series

Siku Quanshu 四库全书  The Emperor's Four Treasures, commissioned by Qianlong. 36,381 Volumes divided up into 79,000 chapters, over two million pages and about 800 million characters.

Dapingtai Village 大平台村  The village in Hebei where the Qin emperor died

Qin Èrshì  秦二世  The Second Qin Emperor

Dazexiang Uprising  大泽乡起义The first major uprising against the Qin - July to December in the year 209 BCE

Chen Sheng陈胜also known as Chen SheOne of the leaders of the Dazexiang Uprising

Wu Guang  吴广 The other leader of the Dazexiang Uprising

Liu Bang   刘邦  Han Dynasty founder

Wu Xíng 五刑  The Five Pains.  Tattooing the face, nose cut off, foot cut off, private parts cut off and the fifth pain for Li Si was the old Yāozhǎn.  Cut in half at the waist

Ziying  子婴  The third and final Qin emperor, reigned for 46 days

Battle of Julu  钜鹿之战  fought near present day Xingtai in Hebei, Xiang Yu, leading the Chu army knocked the Qin army out clean in 207 BCE

Luoyang   洛阳  Eastern capital of the Zhou Dynasty

Sanmenxia 三门峡City in Henan in the cradle of Chinese civilization

Nanhai Commandery南海郡 The Qin office that administered the two Guang's, based near Guangzhou

Zhao Tuo  赵佗  Qin officer in charge of the Nanhai Commandery. Founded the Nanyue Kingdom

Lüshi Chunqiu  氏春秋 Master Lü's Spring and Autumn Annals.

banliangqian  半两钱 Qin standardized coin that weighed eight liang

banliang  半两 half a liang. 16 liang equaled a jin One Jin was 0.604 kilos or 1.3 lbs

banjin baliang  半斤八两 Our English version of six of one and a half dozen of the other.

 

Historic Teas of China available at Teasenz.com

The Link is here:  HISTORIC TEAS OF CHINA

The Teas you get: 

1.     Dahongpao from Wuyi Mountain, Fujian

2.     Tieguanyin 铁观 from Anxi, Fujian

3.     Huangshan Maofeng黄山毛峰from Huang Shan Anhui Province

4.     Longjing 西湖from West Lake, Hangzhou

5.     Two kinds of raw Pu-erh 普洱 tea in loose and brick form.

 

Two books I used prodigiously for this Qin Two-Part series:

 

Frances Wood, "The First Emperor of China"

 

Mark Edward Lewis: "The Early Chinese Empires: Qin and Han"

Direct download: CHP-158-The_Rise_and_Fall_of_the_Qin_Part_2.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 1:17am EDT

In this first of two episodes Laszlo gives Qin Shihuang, the subject of the first ever China History Podcast episode, a total makeover.  

The Historic Teas of China: Check it out right here:  http://www.teasenz.com/historic-teas-china-gift-box

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Qin Shi Huang  秦始皇 The first emperor of China, Qin Dynasty founder

Y.K. Pao  包玉  Featured in CHP-124, HK tycoon and philanthropist

Zhongguo ren   中国人  A Chinese

Zhao    Zhao State  in the Yellow River Valley

Qi     Qi State  near Shandong

Chu   楚国  Chu State  near Hubei

Yue   越国  Yue State  near Zhejiang

Ba   巴国  Ba State near Chongqing

Shu  蜀国  Shu State near Chengdu

Zhou   周朝  The Zhou Dynasty

Yan   燕国  Yan State near Beijing

Xia   夏朝  The Xia Dynasty, mythical they say it was...

Shang   商朝  The Shang Dynasty

Sima Qian     China's Herodotus

Shiji     The Records of the Grand Historian by Sima Qian

Song dynasty   宋朝  The Song Dynasty

Lintong, Shaanxi   西  Town outside Xian where the terra cotta warriors were found

Puyi     China's Last Emperor

Ying     The surname of the Qin Kings and Dukes

Ying Zheng   嬴政  Qin Shihuang's name

Ying Zhuangxiang   秦庄襄王  Qin Shihuang's father

Wei River  渭河  One of the major tributaries of the Yellow River

Xian   西安  Capital of Shaanxi, one of China's most ancient cities.

Gansu     Western Province in China

Tianshui   天水  Gansu's second largest city after Lanzhou

Rong      "Barbarian" people to the west and north of the core China

Si Yi    四夷  The "Four Barbarians"

Dongyi   One of the four "barbarians"

Beidi   北狄  One of the four "barbarians"

Nanman  南蛮  One of the four "barbarians"

Duke Xiang   秦襄公Qin leader 777-766 BCE

Ji Family   家族  The Zhou Dynasty ruling family

Luoyang   洛阳  Eastern capital of the Zhou Dynasty

Chengzhou   成周  Ancient name of Luoyang

Zhou King Ping   周平王 Zhou King 770-720

Duke Wen   秦文公   Qin ruler 765-716 BCE

Shaanxi and Shanxi   西山西Neighboring provinces that almost sound the same

Hubei  湖北  Central China province

Henan   河南  Central China province

Hebei   河北  North-central China province

Shandong    North eastern province of China

Anhui   安徽  Central China province

Yu the Great   大禹  Xia Dynasty Founder

Huaxia   Ancient core China early name

Qin Mu Gong   秦穆公  Qin Ruler 659-621

Bawang  霸王  A hegemon

Wu State   吴国  State around Suzhou-Wuxi area

King Helü   阖闾  King of Wu  514-496 BCE

The Battle of Jìnyáng  金阳之 Battle of Jinyang 455-453 BCE

Taiyuan   太原  Capital of Shanxi

Zhi state  智国  The Zhi state, annihilated at the Battle of Jinyang

San Jia Fen Jìn   三家分晋   the Partition of Jin between 434 and 403 BCE.

Qi Xiong   七雄  The final seven warring states

Linzi     just east of modern day Zibo

Shang Yang  商鞅  Great Qin statesman, helped make the Qin. 390-338 BCE

Pi  錍  A kind of ancient weapon similar to a dagger on a long stick

Ren duo hao ban shi  人多好  When you have a lot of people to do the job, it's much easier.

Shi    knight, scholar

Zaixiang  宰相  chancellor or chief minister

Duke Xiao  秦孝公  Qin Xiao Gong He lived 381 to 338 BCE

chelie    death by being pulled apart by 5 chariots

zhulian jiuzu   九族 a.k.a. the zuzhu    That meant when Shang Yang went down, so did his whole family: parents, grandparents, children, grandchildren, siblings, uncles and uncle's spouses...they all had to go.

Xiang Yu    The hegemon of Chu State, fought Liu Bang and lost.  Featured in CHP episode 91

Liu Bang   刘邦  Han Dynasty founder

Shang Jun Shu商君or just the Shangzi  商子  credited to Shang Yu, the blueprint fort Legalism and how to run the Qin State.

Han Feizi   非子lived from 280 to 236 BCE The man who made Legalism famous

Fan Sui  范睢  died 255 BCE, gave his king the strategy of yuanjiao jingong.  

yuan jiao jin gong   远交近攻   Make allies of those far away in order to focus on defeating those who are nearby.

King Zhaoxiang  昭襄王   Qin leader, reined 306-251 BCE

Battle of Changping   长平之战The bloody battle where the Qin demolished the Zhao 262-260 BCE

Direct download: CHP-157-The_Rise_and_Fall_of_the_Qin_Part_1.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 11:47pm EDT

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