Fri, 19 February 2016
More Zhou Enlai again. This time we look at the second half of the 1950's. Zhou was as busy as ever, setting up the government, handling foreign relations and dealing with Chairman Mao. This episode will see Zhou during the Gao Gang Affair, Hundred Flowers, Anti-Rightist, San Fan and Wu Fan Campaigns, Land Reform, rapid agricultural collectivization and the disastrous Great Leap Forward.
Terms from this episode
Gao Gang 高岗 Senior CCP leader who fell victim of the first high-level purge in PRC history
Shaanxi 陕西 Ancient province where Xian is the capital. Next door to Shanxi
Yan'an 延安 Revolutionary CCP base from 1935-1947
Wang Ming 王明 29 Bolsheviks leader who challenged Mao and lost
Peng Dehuai 彭德怀 Legendary PLA leader and old comrade of Mao
Chen Yun 陈云 Old revolutionary chiefly in charge of China's economy
Li Fuchun 李富春 Old comrade of Zhou's from Paris, great revolutionary, Vice premier
Lushunkou 旅顺口 Port Arthur in Liaoning Province
Liaoning 辽宁 One of the three provinces of Manchuria
Liu Shaoqi 刘少奇 Party legend and sometimes rival of Chairman Mao
Hangzhou 杭州 City in Zhejiang, former capital of the Southern Song
Zhang Zuolin 张作霖 Warlord of Manchuria in the 1920's
Rao Shushi 饶漱石 Gao Gang accomplice in the Gao Gang Affair
Gao Rao Fan Dang Lianmeng 高饶反党联盟 The Gao-Rao Anti-Party Alliance
San Fan Campaign 三反运动 The 3 Anti's Campaign
Wu Fan Campaign 五反运动 The 5 Anti's Campaign
Tanwu he langfei shi jidade fanzui 贪污和浪费是极大的犯罪 Corruption and Waste were the biggest crimes
zhishifenzi 知识分子 Intellectuals
zibenzhuyizhe 资本主义者 Capitalists
Zhongguo Minhang 中国民航 CAAC The old China national airline before it was broken up
Chen Yi 陈毅 PLA legend, soccer fanatic, close comrade of Mao's and later Shanghai mayor and China foreign minister (after Zhou stepped down)
jus sanguinis This is a Latin word meaning "right of blood"
Zhongnanhai 中南海 Compound adjascent to the Forbidden City where China's leaders reside.
Bo Yibo 薄一波 Old revolutionary from Shanxi in charge of finance and the economy with Chen Yun
Li Xiannian 李先念 CCP legend who played a major role in the 80's with Deng Xiaoping
zili gengsheng 自力更生 Self-reliance
Ren duo hao ban shi 人多好办事 When you have a lot of people, things are easy to do
Nanning 南宁 Capital city in Guangxi province
Chengdu 成都 Capital city in Sichuan
Lushan 庐山 Sacred mountain and site of a famous resort in Jiangxi province
Thu, 4 February 2016
Laszlo returns after one of the longest breaks ever in the history of the CHP. Part 5 this time. The PRC is founded and Premier/ForeignMinister Zhou Enlai has his work cut out for him. In this episode the focus is on the Korean War and the Geneva Conference. Zhou already enjoyed some degree of international respect from those he had come to know during his Shanghai and Chongqing years. By 1954 he had established himself as a respected tour de force on the world stage and earned begrudging admiration from those who refused to recognize the country for which he was head of state.
TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE
Deng Yingchao 邓颖超 Wife of Zhou Enlai and CPPCC Chairwoman 1983-1988
Zhongnanhai 中南海 Compound adjacent to the Forbidden City that houses the top Party leadership
Juxiang Shuwu 菊香书屋 Zhou's first dwelling in Zhongnanhai and later taken over by Mao as his primary office and residence.
Yingtai 瀛台 Island located in the center of South Lake...later the residence of Deng Xiaoping
Empress Dowager Cixi 慈禧太后 Top decision maker in China from 1861 to 1908
Guangxu Emperor 光绪帝 Qing emperor who began the Hundred Days of Reform and got locked up by the Empress Dowager for his troubles.
Xihuating 西花厅 Zhou's residence after Mao took over the Juxiang Shuwu.
Prince Chun 醇亲王 Qing dynasty statesman and father to the Guangxu Emperor and grandfather to Puyi...
Puyi 溥仪 The Xuantong Emperor, a.k.a. The Last Emperor
Chongqing 重庆 Wartime capital of China during WWII
Zhou Enshou 周恩寿 Younger brother of Zhou Enlai
didi 弟弟 younger brother
butie 补贴 a subsidy
Sun Weishi 孙维世 Adopted daughter of Zhou Enlai and Deng Yingchao
Li Peng 李鹏 Adopted sin of Zhou and Deng Yingchao and Premier of China1987-1998
Huai'an 淮安 Birthplace of Zhou Enlai
Jiangsu 江苏 Province where Huai-an was located.
Guowuyuan 国务院 The State Council
Zhengwuyuan 政务院 Former name of the State Council
Chen Yi 陈毅 Immortal military leader, foreign minister and hardcore soccer fan
Wenhui Bao 文汇报 The Wenhui Daily, a Shanghai newspaper
Pu Shouchang 浦寿昌 Served as Zhou Enlai's secretary from 1954-1965
Zongli Yamen 总理衙门 The old Qing dynasty foreign ministry
Wang Jiaxiang 王稼祥 Vice foreign minister
Li Kenong 李克农 Vice foreign minister
Zhang Hanfu 章汉夫 Vice foreign minister
Wang Bingnan 王炳南 Key foreign ministry leader
Qiao Guanhua 乔冠华 Key foreign ministry leader
Chen Jiakang 陈嘉康 Key foreign ministry leader
Ke Bainian 柯柏年 Key foreign ministry leader
Gong Peng 龚澎 Key foreign ministry leader
Huang Hua 黄华 Key foreign ministry leader
Lüshun 旅顺口 Located in the tip of the Liaodong peninsula, formerly known as Port Arthur
Dalian 大连 Port city in Liaoning province
xijie 细节 details
Lin Biao 林彪 Marshal and military hero until he tried to overthrow Mao in 1971
Peng Dehuai 彭德怀 Great military leader and later victim of the Great Leap Forward
Yalu River 鸭绿江 The river dividing North Korea and China.
Zhongguo Renmin Zhìyuànjūn 中国人民志愿军 The China People's Volunteer Army
Léi Yīngfū the Luòyáng Cáizǐ 雷应付, 洛阳才子 Assisted Kimn Il Sung during the Korean War. Mao called him later the Literary Genius from Luoyang
Lǐ Chéngwǎn李承晚 1st president of South Korea Syngman Rhee
Guoqing 国庆 National Day
Zhongguo laobaixing 中国老百姓 The Chinese People
Kàng Mei Yúan Cháo Zhànzhēng 抗美援朝战争 The resist America and defend Korea War (What China calls The Korean War).
Kàng Mei Yúan Cháo 抗美援朝 resist America and defend Korea.
Zhong Mei Guanxi 中美关系 China-US Relations
Yang Kaihui 杨开慧 Mao's 1st wife (if you don't include the arranged marriage he never recognized)
Mao Anying 毛岸英 Son of Mao Zedong and Yang Kaihui
shi 市 a City
zhen 镇 a Town
cun 村 a Village
Vo Nguyên Giáp 武元甲 Great military hero of Vietnam
Wéi Guóqīng 韦国清
Dien Bien Phu 奠边府 City in Vietnam where the French were defeated in 1954
Pham Van Dong 范文同 Former prime minister of Vietnam
Liuzhou, Guangxi 广西柳州 Major city in Guangxi province
Huan Xiang 宦乡 Journalist and diplomat
Bandung 万隆 City in Indonesia, site of a famous conference
Gao Gang 高岗 Heavyweight in northeast China and later victim of the first purge after the PRC was established.
San Fan 三反运动 The Three Anti Campaign launched end 1951
Wu Fan 五反运动 The Five Anti Campaign launched in early 1952