The China History Podcast
CHP-166-Zhou Enlai Part 6

More Zhou Enlai again. This time we look at the second half of the 1950's. Zhou was as busy as ever, setting up the government, handling foreign relations and dealing with Chairman Mao. This episode will see Zhou during the Gao Gang Affair, Hundred Flowers, Anti-Rightist, San Fan and Wu Fan Campaigns, Land Reform, rapid agricultural collectivization and the disastrous Great Leap Forward.

Terms from this episode

Gao Gang 高岗 Senior CCP leader who fell victim of the first high-level purge in PRC history

Shaanxi 陕西   Ancient province where Xian is the capital. Next door to Shanxi

Yan'an   延安   Revolutionary CCP base from 1935-1947

Wang Ming   王明 29 Bolsheviks leader who challenged Mao and lost

Peng Dehuai   彭德怀 Legendary PLA leader and old comrade of Mao

Chen Yun   陈云   Old revolutionary chiefly in charge of China's economy

Li Fuchun   李富春   Old comrade of Zhou's from Paris, great revolutionary, Vice premier

Lushunkou   旅顺口 Port Arthur in Liaoning Province

Liaoning   辽宁 One of the three provinces of Manchuria

Liu Shaoqi   刘少奇   Party legend and sometimes rival of Chairman Mao

Hangzhou   杭州 City in Zhejiang, former capital of the Southern Song

Zhang Zuolin   张作霖   Warlord of Manchuria in the 1920's

Rao Shushi   饶漱石 Gao Gang accomplice in the Gao Gang Affair

Gao Rao Fan Dang Lianmeng 高饶反党联盟 The Gao-Rao Anti-Party Alliance

San Fan Campaign   三反运动 The 3 Anti's Campaign

Wu Fan Campaign   五反运动 The 5 Anti's Campaign

Tanwu he langfei shi jidade fanzui 贪污和浪费是极大的犯罪     Corruption and Waste were the biggest crimes

zhishifenzi   知识分子   Intellectuals

zibenzhuyizhe   资本主义者   Capitalists

Zhongguo Minhang   中国民航   CAAC The old China national airline before it was broken up

Chen Yi   陈毅   PLA legend, soccer fanatic, close comrade of Mao's and later Shanghai mayor and China foreign minister (after Zhou stepped down)

jus sanguinis This is a Latin word meaning "right of blood"

Zhongnanhai   中南海   Compound adjascent to the Forbidden City where China's leaders reside.

Bo Yibo   薄一波   Old revolutionary from Shanxi in charge of finance and the economy with Chen Yun

Li Xiannian   李先念 CCP legend who played a major role in the 80's with Deng Xiaoping

zili gengsheng   自力更生   Self-reliance

Ren duo hao ban shi   人多好办事   When you have a lot of people, things are easy to do

Nanning   南宁   Capital city in Guangxi province

Chengdu    成都 Capital city in Sichuan

Lushan    庐山   Sacred mountain and site of a famous resort in Jiangxi province

 

Direct download: CHP-166-Zhou_Enlai_Part_6.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 12:10pm EDT

CHP-165-Zhou Enlai Part 5

Laszlo returns after one of the longest breaks ever in the history of the CHP.  Part 5 this time.  The PRC is founded and Premier/ForeignMinister Zhou Enlai has his work cut out for him.  In this episode the focus is on the Korean War and the Geneva Conference. Zhou already enjoyed some degree of international respect from those he had come to know during his Shanghai and Chongqing years.  By 1954 he had established himself as a respected tour de force on the world stage and earned begrudging admiration from those who refused to recognize the country for which he was head of state.

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Deng Yingchao   邓颖超   Wife of Zhou Enlai and CPPCC Chairwoman 1983-1988

Zhongnanhai   中南海 Compound adjacent to the Forbidden City that houses the top Party leadership

Juxiang Shuwu 菊香书屋 Zhou's first dwelling in Zhongnanhai and later taken over by Mao as his primary office and residence.

Yingtai 瀛台   Island located in the center of South Lake...later the residence of Deng Xiaoping

Empress Dowager Cixi 慈禧太后 Top decision maker in China from 1861 to 1908

Guangxu Emperor   光绪帝 Qing emperor who began the Hundred Days of Reform and got locked up by the Empress Dowager for his troubles.

Xihuating   西花厅   Zhou's residence after Mao took over the Juxiang Shuwu.

Prince Chun 醇亲王 Qing dynasty statesman and father to the Guangxu Emperor and grandfather to Puyi...

Puyi   溥仪 The Xuantong Emperor, a.k.a. The Last Emperor

Chongqing   重庆 Wartime capital of China during WWII

Zhou Enshou   周恩寿 Younger brother of Zhou Enlai

didi   弟弟 younger brother

butie   补贴 a subsidy

Sun Weishi   孙维世 Adopted daughter of Zhou Enlai and Deng Yingchao

Li Peng   李鹏 Adopted sin of Zhou and Deng Yingchao and Premier of China1987-1998

Huai'an 淮安 Birthplace of Zhou Enlai

Jiangsu   江苏 Province where Huai-an was located.

Guowuyuan   国务院 The State Council

Zhengwuyuan   政务院 Former name of the State Council

Chen Yi   陈毅   Immortal military leader, foreign minister and hardcore soccer fan

Wenhui Bao   文汇报 The Wenhui Daily, a Shanghai newspaper

Pu Shouchang   浦寿昌   Served as Zhou Enlai's secretary from 1954-1965

Zongli Yamen   总理衙门 The old Qing dynasty foreign ministry

Wang Jiaxiang   王稼祥 Vice foreign minister

Li Kenong   李克农   Vice foreign minister

Zhang Hanfu   章汉夫   Vice foreign minister

Wang Bingnan   王炳南 Key foreign ministry leader

Qiao Guanhua   乔冠华   Key foreign ministry leader

Chen Jiakang   陈嘉康   Key foreign ministry leader

Ke Bainian   柯柏年   Key foreign ministry leader

Gong Peng   龚澎   Key foreign ministry leader

Huang Hua   黄华   Key foreign ministry leader

Lüshun   旅顺口 Located in the tip of the Liaodong peninsula, formerly known as Port Arthur

Dalian   大连 Port city in Liaoning province

xijie   细节 details

Lin Biao   林彪 Marshal and military hero until he tried to overthrow Mao in 1971

Peng Dehuai   彭德怀 Great military leader and later victim of the Great Leap Forward

Yalu River   鸭绿江 The river dividing North Korea and China.

Zhongguo Renmin Zhìyuànjūn 中国人民志愿军 The China People's Volunteer Army

Léi Yīngfū the Luòyáng Cáizǐ  雷应付, 洛阳才子 Assisted Kimn Il Sung during the Korean War. Mao called him later the Literary Genius from Luoyang

Lǐ Chéngwǎn李承晚 1st president of South Korea Syngman Rhee

Guoqing   国庆 National Day

Zhongguo laobaixing   中国老百姓 The Chinese People

Kàng Mei Yúan Cháo Zhànzhēng   抗美援朝战争 The resist America and defend Korea War (What China calls The Korean War).

Kàng Mei Yúan Cháo   抗美援朝 resist America and defend Korea.

Zhong Mei Guanxi   中美关系  China-US Relations

Yang Kaihui   杨开慧 Mao's 1st wife (if you don't include the arranged marriage he never recognized)

Mao Anying   毛岸英 Son of Mao Zedong and Yang Kaihui

shi   市 a City

zhen   镇 a Town

cun   村 a Village

Vo Nguyên Giáp   武元甲 Great military hero of Vietnam

Wéi Guóqīng   韦国清

Dien Bien Phu   奠边府 City in Vietnam where the French were defeated in 1954

Pham Van Dong   范文同   Former prime minister of Vietnam

Liuzhou, Guangxi   广西柳州 Major city in Guangxi province

Huan Xiang   宦乡   Journalist and diplomat

Bandung   万隆 City in Indonesia, site of a famous conference

Gao Gang   高岗  Heavyweight in northeast China and later victim of the first purge after the PRC was established.

San Fan   三反运动 The Three Anti Campaign launched end 1951

Wu Fan   五反运动 The Five Anti Campaign launched in early 1952

Direct download: CHP-165-Zhou_Enlai_Part_5.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 10:23am EDT

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