Thu, 28 December 2017
This is an all Neo-Confucian episode. Last episode, Laszlo introduced three of the five founders of Neo-Confucianism: Zhou Dunyi, Shao Yong and Zhang Zai. This time we finish off with the remaining two founders: the Cheng Brothers, Cheng Hao and Cheng Yi. And taking this rich harvest to the next level is Zhu Xi. The basic tenets of Neo-Confucianism are introduced, with a focus on lǐ (principle) and xīn (mind) and how these two concepts caused a great divide in the two main schools of Neo-Confucianism. Qì (life-force) is also examined, and how that fits into the big picture. The episode closes with an introduction to the extraordinary life of someone getting a lot of press these days in China, Wang Yangming, and his contributions to Neo-Confucianism.
Direct download: CHP-191-The_History_of_Chinese_Philosophy_Part_8.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 7:05am PST
Sat, 16 December 2017
In the late Han Dynasty, philosophy was a lot more complex than in Confucius's time. The focus in this episode is on philosophical thought in the Tang Dynasty (618-907). From the fall of the Han dynasty in 220, all the way through the Six Dynasties, Buddhism had spread quickly throughout the disunited kingdoms of China. By the time the father and son team of Yang Jian and Yang Guang stabilized and united China into a new empire in 589, Buddhism had taken root and appealed to the weary masses and the aristocrats. Later in the Tang Dynasty, Confucianism reasserted itself, and after the brilliant work of Han Yu, Li Ao and Liu Zongyuan, it set the stage for the third epoch in Confucianism during the Song dynasty. Laszlo also briefly introduces three of the founding fathers of Neo Confucianism, Zhou Dunyi, Shao Yong and Zhang Zai
Direct download: CHP-190-The_History_of_Chinese_Philosophy_Part_7.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 5:38am PST
Mon, 11 December 2017
Laszlo gives the subject of Daoism, the Daodejing and the Zhuangzi a fresh makeover, covered before in an old China History Podcast episode from days gone by. The history of Daoism is explored as well as its main characters, Laozi and Zhuangzi, and what they called for in those dark Eastern Zhou times. Daoism is both a philosophy and a religion, but this episode only explores the former. The Xuanxue thinkers Wang Bi, Guo Xiang and Xiang Xiu are also discussed, as well as the Neo-Daoism that evolved in the Han. As Daoism and Confucianism evolved in China, side by side, there was occasionally some interesting overlap. Confucians from here on out actively explored ways to reconcile their philosophy with the other major contending schools of thought, Daoism and Buddhism.
Direct download: CHP-189-The_History_of_Chinese_Philosophy_Part_6.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 10:03am PST
Thu, 7 December 2017
Legalism takes front and center stage in this episode. After the conquest of the competing Warring States in 221 BCE by Qin Shihuang, a new ideology was embraced by the new Chinese state. The Legalist philosophers Shang Yang, Shen Buhai, Shen Dao, Han Fei and Li Si are all introduced as well as their individual and collective contributions in laying the Legalist foundations for what was to follow in the Qin dynasty, and over the next two thousand years of imperial Chinese history. Laszlo also shows what happened to Legalism right after the Qin Emperor met his untimely end, and how this led to Confucianism's greatest triumph in the Han dynasty thanks to Dong Zhongshu and others.
Direct download: CHP-188-The_History_of_Chinese_Philosophy_Part_5R.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 7:38am PST
Fri, 1 December 2017
Laszlo is back on track, picking up where we left off in part two following the death of Master Kong in 479 BCE. A lot happened in the world of Chinese philosophy right after Confucius passed. He had both disciples who carried on his teachings, and naysayers who pointed to flaws in this Ru School of philosophy and offered an alternative kind of thought. As the countdown to the milestone year of 221 BCE gets nearer, a hundred schools of thought contended like never before, each offering their solutions to the tumultuous and bloody times of the latter half of the Eastern Zhou dynasty
Direct download: CHP-187-The_History_of_Chinese_Philosophy_Part_4.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 1:05pm PST
Fri, 24 November 2017
Although covered before in an old China History Podcast episode, Laszlo takes the Yi Jing (I Ching, sometimes called the ‘Book of Changes’) off the shelf for a total makeover and freshening up. In this brief detour along the history timeline, Laszlo picks the Yi Jing apart and offers up both a history of this timeless classic as well as a brief intro about how it works and the role it plays in the life of some people. The Yi Jing is a book with a lot of staying power and has been kept as a handy reference guide for hundreds of millions of people over the millennia. Listen to what it's all about and see for yourself if the Yi Jing can serve you:
Direct download: CHP-186-The_History_of_Chinese_Philosophy_Part_3r.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 7:18am PST
Fri, 17 November 2017
In this second helping of Laszlo's overview of the history of Chinese philosophy, the Great Sage himself is the center of focus. Arguably China's most famous citizen of all time, Confucius (and his disciples) created an ideology and political system that had incredible lasting power. Part two examines the stories surrounding Confucius's life growing up and operating in the State of Lu during the last decades of the Spring and Autumn period of the Zhou Dynasty. In addition to the trials and tribulations faced by Master Kong in his day, the basic tenets of Confucianism are introduced.
Direct download: CHP-185-The_History_of_Chinese_Philosophy_Part_2.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 7:46am PST
Fri, 10 November 2017
After the longest break in the action since 2001, The CHP is back with this pleasant little 9-Part overview covering the history of Chinese philosophy. The series will run from pre-Confucian times clear through to Wang Yangming in the mid Ming Dynasty, a period stretching for more than two thousand years. And don't forget to download the free Infographic that will accompany the series. I predict it will do wonders in keeping all the names, dates, philosophies and texts straight. Thanks for your patience! I hope you enjoy the series.
Direct download: CHP-184-The_History_of_Chinese_Philosophy_Part_1.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 10:33am PST
Wed, 10 May 2017
Laszlo finishes off the overview of the Rape of Nanking as well as the stories of John Rabe, Robert O. Wilson, Minnie Vautrin, Rev. William Magee and others who directed the Nanjing Safety Zone during the worst weeks of the atrocities. The aftermath of the Nanjing Massacre is also examined.
TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE:
The Nanjing Safety Zone Nánjīng Ānqúan Qū 南京安全区
Jīnlíng Women's College 金陵女子大学 Now part of Nanjing Normal University
Jīnlíng 金陵 ancient name of Nanjing during the Zhou Dynasty
Zhū Dé 朱德 Red Army founder
Péng Déhuái 彭德怀 Great PLA general and later defense minister
Nana-san-ichi Butai 731部队 Unit 731, based in Harbin
General Shiro Ishii 石井四郎 Director of Unit 731
Joseph Mengele The German version of Shiro Ishii.
Nánjīng Dà Túshā 南京大屠杀 The Nanjing Massacre
Okamura Yasuji 岡村宁次 Japanese general who led the brutal Three All’s Policy to Kill all, Burn all, Loot all
Yasukuni Shrine 靖国神社 Shinto shrine that commemorates those who died for the Empire of Japan
Shì shí qiú shì 实事求是 seek truth from facts, originally from the ancient Book of Han, later made famous by Chairman Mao and then even more famous by Deng Xiaoping.
Wed, 10 May 2017
By popular demand Laszlo finally introduces the Nanjing Massacre. This is a very emotional, controversial and sensitive subject for a whole lot of reasons. Over the next two episodes Laszlo will review material from past episodes to discuss the lead-up to the Massacre. Then in Part 2 the actual event itself as well as the story of the Nanjing Safety Zone and some of the foreigners who became eyewitnesses to the horrors of the Nanjing Massacre. It's also referred to as the Nanking Massacre and the Rape of Nanking.
TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE:
Rape of Nanking Nánjīng Dà Túshā 南京大屠杀 (Japanese 南京大虐杀) Also referred to as the Nanjing (Nanking) Massacre.
Zēng Guófán 曾国藩 1811-1872 Viceroy of Zhili, founder of the Xiang Army that helped put down the Taiping Rebellion.
Zhào Qīzhèng 赵启正 PRC official who has mostly been associated with news organizations.
Kublai Khan 忽必烈 Yuan Dynasty founder and grandson of Chinggiz Khan
Zhāng Chúnrú 张纯如 Iris Chang 1968-2004, American writer.
Honda Katsuichi 本多勝 Japanese journalist and writer who wrote extensively on the Rape of Nanking.
Revere the Emperor, Expel the Barbarian (Japanese 攘夷勅命 Sonnō Jōi)
Zūnwáng Rǎngyí 尊王攘夷 The Mandarin version of the above phrase.
Lǐ Hóngzhāng 李鸿章 1823-1901 Successor to Zeng Guofan, top late Qing era diplomat
Treaty of Shimonoseki 下关条约 Signed 1895 at conclusion of 1st Sino-Japanese war
Zhāng Zuòlín 张作霖 Warlord of Manchuria from 1922 - 1928.
Prime Minister Hamaguchi Osachi 濱口雄幸 Japanese Prime Minister 1929-1931
Jiǔyībā 九一八 The Mukden Incident of September 18, 1931
Manchukuo (Mǎnzhōuguó) 满洲国 Lasted from 1932 to 1945. Puppet state in Manchuria
Pǔ Yí 溥仪 The last Qing Emperor, also known as the Xuantong 宣统帝Emperor. Emperor of Manchukuo.
Prime Minister Inukai Tsuyoshi 犬養毅 Japanese prime Minster from 1931-1932.
Héběi 河北 Northern province of China, where Beijing and Tianjin are geographically located.
Shānxī 山西 Northern Province of China, capital at Taiyuan
Shāndōng 山东 Coastal northern province
Tiānjìn 天津 Northern city in China just east of Beijing
Lúshān 庐山 Mountain resort in Jiangxi popular with Nationalist and Communist leaders as a meeting place.
Jiāngxī 江西 Province in China, capital at Nanchang
Zhōu Dynasty 周朝 Ancient dynasty of China
Bái Chóngxǐ 白崇禧 NRA general, close ally to Li Zongren
Lǐ Zōngrén 李宗仁 Major military and political figure during the 1920's and 30's. Had a stormy relationship with Chiang Kai-shek.
Chóngqìng 重庆 City in Sichuan province, now a stand-alone municipality
Wǔhàn 武汉 City in Hubei on the Yangzi River
Lǎobǎixìng 老百姓 The people, in this case the Chinese people, (the old 100 surnames).
Jiāng-Zhè 江浙区 region Abbreviation for the Jiangsu-Zhejiang region
Yamaguchi Tsutomu 山口 彊 1916-2010 A survivor of both the Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombings August 6 and 9, 1945.
Nánchāng 南昌 Capital city of Jiangxi province
Táng Shēngzhì 唐生智 Nationalist general who was tasked with defending Nanjing
Sūn Quán 孙权 Three Kingdoms era leader of the State of Sun Wu.
Matsui Iwane 松井石根 Imperial Japanese Army Commander-in-chief for the Shanghai-Nanjing Region
Nakajima Kesago 中岛今朝吾 Lt. Gen. in the Imperial Japanese Army
Yanagawa Heisuke 柳川平助 General in the Imperial Japanese Army
Sūzhōu 苏州 City in Jiangsu province renowned for a thousand things
Emperor Hirohito (Emperor Showa 昭和天皇) Emperor of Japan 1926-1989
Prince Asaka Yasuhiko 朝香宮鳩彦王 1887-1981 General in the Imperial Japanese Army, uncle of Emperor Hirohito.
Ānhuī 安徽 Province in central China
Sun, 2 April 2017
After more than 40 days wandering in the desert Laszlo is back with a topic that languished on the list for more than six years. At last the early years of Russia-China relations can see the light of day (here at Teacup Media, that is). As you can see, this is another one of those hour plus episodes that was not long enough for two episodes and a bit overly long for one. Basically this covers the beginnings back in the late Ming when they first met and mostly in the Qing where all the history happened. This isn't a particularly deep dive on the subject. I first give you a 走马看花 view of the history of Russia's expansion east and how they ended up on the doorstep of Manchuria. Hope you don't mind.
TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE:
Míng Dynasty 明朝 Second to last dynasty in Chinese Imperial history 1368-1644
Lóngqìng 隆庆 Ming Dynasty Emperor (1567-1572)
Wànlì 万里 Son of Longqing Emperor, reigned a long time 1572-1620
Qing Dynasty 清朝 Last imperial dynasty in China 1644-1912
Xīnjiāng 新疆 Autonomous Region in the northwest of China, formerly referred to as Chinese Turkestan
Hēilóng Jiāng 黑龙江 The Black Dragon River (The Amur, and name of Heilongjiang Province)
Shùn Zhì 顺治 First emperor of the Qing Dynasty, 1643-1661
Pǔyí 溥仪 The Last Emperor, a.k.a. The Xuantong Emperor, reigned 1908-1912
Northern Sòng 北宋 The first half of the Song Dynasty, lasted from 960-1126
Kāngxī 康熙 Long reigning Qing Emperor, 1661-1722
Jiāyùguān 嘉峪关 The western terminus of the Great Wall of China
Songgotu (Suǒ'étú) 索额图 Manchu diplomat during the reign of Kangxi
Qiánlóng 乾隆 Another long reigning Qing emperor, 1735-1796
Treaty of Nanjing 南京条约 The marquee "Unequal Treaty" signed in 1842
Hóng Xiùquán 洪秀全 Rebel leader responsible for the Taiping Rebellion
Jīntián, Guangxi 广西金田 Place where the Taiping Rebellion was launched
Tàipíng Rebellion 太平天国运动 A bloody Rebellion and Civil War all in one, 1850-1864
Hēihé 黑河 City in northeast Manchuria (Heilongjiang) formerly known as Aigun
Aìhún 瑷珲 Now called Heihe, formerly called Aigun, site of the signing of the Treaty of Aigun.
Yìshān 奕山 Manchu diplomat who was forced into signing the Treaty of Aigun
Qíshàn 琦善 Manchu diplomat also forced to sign unequal treaties
Lín Zéxú 林则徐 Chinese hero who stood up to the foreign traders and torched their opium
Hǔmén 虎门 Located on "The Bogue" in Guangdong, site where Lin Zexu burned the opium
Guǎngdōng 广东 Southern province in China
Convention of Chuenbi 穿鼻草约 (Chuānbí Cǎoyuē) signed 1841, never ratified.
Ili 伊犁 (Yīlí) Town, valley and river name at the northwest border of Xinjiang - Kazakhstan
Zuǒ Zōngtáng 左宗棠 (1812-1885) Military leader and statesman from Hunan
Li-Lobanov Treaty 中俄密约 (known as the Zhōng É Mìyuē ), signed 1896
Lǐ Hóngzhāng 里鸿章 Co-signer of the Li-Lobanov Treaty), Chinese diplomat and statesman
Liaotung Peninsula 辽东半岛 (Liáodōng Bàndǎo) The tip of peninsular Liaoning Province
Lǚ Dà Zūdì Tiáoyuē 旅大租地条约 Convention for the Lease of the Liaotung Peninsula at Dalian (大连)
Port Arthur Also known as Lüshunkou (旅顺口), Port located at the tip of the Liaodong Peninsula
Qīngdǎo 青岛 Scenic city in Shandong, once a German concession
Wēihǎiwèi 威海卫 Another scenic city in Shandong, once a British concession, today known simply as Weihai 威海
If you'd like to brush up on your Russian History, may I recommend an old stalwart of mine:
MARK SCHAUSS, PRESENTER OF THE RUSSIAN RULERS PODCAST
I call it "The CHP of Russian History"
Direct download: CHP-181-The_Early_Years_of_Sino-Russian_Relations.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 5:14pm PST
Mon, 20 February 2017
Many people don't know that the first preaching of Christianity in China pre-dated the Jesuits by more than nine centuries. We'll take a second cursory look at the Jesuits as part of a bigger story that includes Christianity in China during the Tang and Yuan dynasties. We'll see that prior to the arrival of Matteo Ricci, there were two other lesser known attempts to grow Christianity in China.
TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE:
Āluóběn 阿罗本 Nestorian monk who visited Chang'an in 635 CE
Dàqín Jǐngjiào liúxíng Zhōngguó bēi 大秦景教流行中国碑 "A Monument Commemorating the Propagation of the Dàqín Luminous Religion of China" or "The Story of the Coming of the Religion of Light from the West to China."
Jǐngjiào 景教 Nestorian Christianity
Tiānzhǔjiào 天主教 Roman Catholicism "the religion of the Lord of Heaven"
Dōngzhèngjiào 东正教 Eastern Orthodox “the religion of Eastern Truth”
Jīdūjiào 基督教 Protestantism
Jīdū 基督 Christ
jiào 教 religion or teaching
Xīn Jiào 新教 the New religion
Lǐ Shìmín 李世民 2nd son of Li Yuan, the Tang founder
Táng Tàizōng 唐太宗 Taizong Emperor, formerly known as Li Shimin
Fáng Xuánlíng 房玄龄 Chancellor under Taizong
Zhōu Gōng 周公 Duke of Zhou
Dù Rúhuì 杜如晦 Chancellor under Taizong, colleague of Fang Xuanling
Cháng'ān 长安 Capital of Tang Dynasty China (present day Xian)
Jǐngjìng 景淨 Christian monk who wrote the story of Alopen on the Nestorian Stele
Dàqín 大秦 Rome
Xīān 西安 Capital of Shaanxi province, location of ancient of Chang'an
Jǐngjiào bēi 景教碑 The Nestorian Stele (or Tablet)
bēi 碑 a stele or stone tablet or monument.
Fùpíng County Shaanxi 陕西富平县 Northeast of Xian, the place where the stone came from that the Nestorian Stele was made from. Also the ancestral home of President Xi Jinping.
Bēilín Bówùguǎn 碑林博物馆 The Forest of Monuments Museum in Xian
Xīān Wénchāng Gate 西安文昌门 One of the ancient gates of Xian
Táng Wǔzōng 唐武宗 Tang Emperor from 840-846
Huáng Cháo Uprising 黄巢起义 Uprising lasting 881-884, weakened the Tang Dynasty.
Khanbaliq 汗八里 Capital of Yuan Dynasty China. Present day Beijing
Dàdū 大都 Great Capital...other name for Khanbaliq
Hàn Wǔdì 汉武帝 Western Han emperor from 141-87 BCE
Xiàmén 厦门 Ancient port city in Fujian
Quánzhōu 泉州 Another ancient port city in Fujian
Zhū Yuánzhāng 朱元璋 Ming Dynasty founder, also known as the Hongwu Emperor - reigned 1368-1398
Hóngwǔ Emperor 洪武帝 Zhu Yuanzhang, who came from humble beginnings and founded a dynasty.
Xú Guāngqǐ 徐光启 Also known as Paul Hsu, a colleague of Matteo Ricci
Lǐ Zhīzǎo 李之藻 Along with Xu Guangqi and Yang Tingyun, he was one of the Three Pillars of Catholicism in China.
Yáng Tíngyún 杨廷筠 One of the Three Pillars of Catholicism in China
Dorgan 多尔衮 Prince Regent during the reign of the Shunzhi Emperor
Shùnzhì 顺治 1st Qing Emperor to rule over China 1643-1661
Kāngxī 康熙 Successor to Shunzhi, the longest reigning Chinese emperor 1661-1722
Yōngzhèng 雍正 Successor to the Kangxi Emperor
Luō Guànzhōng 罗贯中 Author of the classic novel "Romance of the Three Kingdoms
Direct download: CHP-180-The_Earliest_Years_of_Christianity_in_China.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 11:40am PST
Sun, 29 January 2017
Thanks to Carole in Virginia for giving me enough of a push to get this episode finally produced. This might have been one of the first ten topics I came up with when I began writing the original list back in 2010. The history of silk is really an amazing testament to humankind's ingenuity and the randomness of life since Neolithic times. I hope you enjoy this episode. It turned out to be a much greater story than I was ever aware of.
TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE:
Shén Nóng 神农 The Divine Farmer, god of agriculture and many other things
Qīng Dynasty 清朝 The last imperial dynasty in China - 1644-1911
Dèng Xiǎopíng 邓小平 Chairman of China Bridge Association and great Chinese leader during 20th century
Míng Dynasty 明朝 Second to the last dynasty...1368-1644
Táng 唐朝 Dynasty in China 618-907
Ānhuì 安徽 Province in China
Fújiàn 福建 Province in China
Sòng Dynasty 宋朝 Dynasty in China....960-1279
Yǎngsháo Wenhua 仰韶文化 Yangshao Culture in China..5000 to 3000 BCE more or less
Yángshuò County 阳朔县 One of the great sightseeing centers of China, near Guilin
Zhèngzhōu 郑州 City in Henan
Qīngtaí 清台村 Village in the northwest corner of Zhengzhou on the south bank of the Yellow River
Huāxià 华夏 The collective tribes that made up ancient core Han Chinese civilization
Xià County 夏县 County in south Shanxi on the border with Henan
Shānxī province 山西省 Province in China
Qiánshānyàng 钱山漾 town at the south end of Lake Tai near Húzhōu
Shāng Dynasty 商朝 China's first "official dynasty," lasted from 1600 to 1046 BCE
Huángdì 黄帝 The Yellow Emperor
Xī Líng Shì 西陵氏 The discoverer of silk and the primary wife of the Yellow Emperor
Léi Zǔ 嫘祖 Other name of Xi Ling Shi by which she is more commonly known
Cán Nǎinai 蚕奶奶 The Goddess of Silkworms
Cán 蚕 a silk-worm
Kǒngfūzǐ 孔夫子 Confucius
Shǐ Jì 史记Records of the Grand Historian
Lǐ Jì 礼记 Book of Rites
nǚgōng 女红 the feminine arts
Sūzhōu 苏州 City in Jiangsu Province
Nánjīng 南京 Capital city of Jiangsu province
Chéngdū 成都 The capital city of Sichuan province
Zhāng Qiān 张骞 Great Western Han Dynasty adventurer, instrumental in getting the Silk Road up and running
Hàn Wǔdì 汉武帝 Great Western Han Dynasty emperor
Wǔyí Mountains 武夷山 Mountains in northern Fujian where some of the best tea in the world comes from
Hétián 和田 Formerly called Khotan...a great trading kingdom in present day Xinjiang
Jìn Dynasty 晋朝 Dynasty in China: 265-420 CE
Suí 隋朝 Dynasty in China from 581-618
Cháng'ān 长安 Present day Xian in Shaanxi Province
Qiánlóng 乾隆 Emperor during the heyday of the Qing Dynasty, 1735-1796
Frank Lavin's new World War II book: "Home Front to Battlefront"
Web Site: EXPORT NOW if you're looking to break into the China online market with your product.
Website for SupChina.com ......everything you need to know to stay on top of China news......Only 3 minutes is all it takes (unless you read ALL the articles)
Mon, 9 January 2017
In part two of this series examining the forgotten life of William Mesny, we hear the second half of his story in China. We're mostly using author David Leffman's 2016 book "The Mercenary Mandarin"
TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE
Chéngdū 成都 Capital city of Sichuan
Khampa 康巴 Area in eastern Tibet bordering Sichuan
Yúnnán 云南 Southwestern province of China
Huí 回族 Musilm ethnic minority
Guìlín 桂林 Beautiful city in Guangxi
Lí River 漓江 River running through Guilin
Liǔzhōu 柳州 City in Guangxi
Róngshûi 融水 City near Liuzhou
Róng’ān 融安 City near Liuzhou
Dānzhōu 丹州 City near Liuzhou
Miao 苗族 Known as the Hmong in the US, one of China's ethnic minorities
Yáo 瑶族 one of China's ethnic minorities
Dòng 侗族 one of China's ethnic minorities
Zuǒ Zōngtáng 左宗棠 Successful Qing era general
Guìyáng 贵阳 Capital of Guizhou
Chóngqìng 重庆 Formerly part of Sichuan, now a Municipality
Lánzhōu 兰州 Capital of Gansu
Zhìlǐ 治理 Old province of China that no longer exists
Qīnghǎi 青海 Province in West China
Gānsù 甘肃 Province in West China
Níngxià 宁夏 Province in West-Central China
Shǎolín Temple 少林寺 Famous temple in China
Tàiyuán 太原 Capital of Shanxi
Shānxī 山西 Province in China
Bǎodìng 保定 City in Hebei
Lǐ Hóngzhāng 李鸿章 Chinese military leader and diplomat and signer of more than a couple unequal treaties.
Zhuōzhōu 涿州 City south of Beijing in Hebei
Zhāng Zhīdòng 张之洞 Reforming governor of Shanxi
Xīān 西安 Capital of Shaanxi
Qínlǐng Mountains 秦岭山 Mountain chain in southern Shaanxi
Kūnmíng 昆明 Capital of Yunnan
Dōngjīng 东京 Eastern Capital. Can mean Tokyo or Tungking (N. Vietnam)
Anhui 安徽 Province in Eastern China
Hefei 合肥 Capital of Anhui
Guǎngxī 广西 Province in southern China
Xinjiang 新疆 Province in northwest China
Shaanxi 陕西 Province in north-central China
Huangxing Road 黄兴路 Road in Hankou
Mon, 9 January 2017
In this first part of a two-part series we examine the forgotten life of William Mesny. Drawing from author David Leffman's 2016 book "The Mercenary Mandarin," Laszlo discusses an unknown character from the bad old days of late Qing Dynasty China. Though he never made it to the history books, he nonetheless witnessed and took part in a lot of it. Through Mesny we can once again wander through some of Imperial China's worst years.
TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE
Qīng 清朝 The Qing Dynasty 1644-1911
Bǎinián guóchǐ 百年国耻 China's Century of Humiliation
Lǐ Hóngzhāng 李鸿章 Famous Chinese military man and diplomat
Màishìní Huá-yīng Huìtōng 麦士尼华英会通 "Mesny's Chinese Miscellany"
Sòng 宋朝 The Song Dynasty
Tàipīng Tiāngguó 太平天国 Taiping Heavenly Kingdom
Hóng Xiùquán 洪秀全 The head of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom
Guǎngxī 广西 Province in Southwest China
Húnán 湖南 Province on Central China
Cháng Shèng Jūn 常胜军 The Ever-Victorious Army
Zhìlǐ 治理 Old province of China that no longer exists
Húguǎng 湖广 Hubei - Hunan and surrounding areas
Liǎngguǎng 两广 Guangdong - Guangxi
Wǔhàn 武汉 Capital City of Hubei Province
Zhènjiāng 镇江 City in southwest Jiangsu
Sūzhõu 苏州 City in Jiangsu, called the Venice of China
Bǎoyīng 宝应 County in central Jiangsu
Jiāngsū 江苏 Coastal province in China
Yángzhōu 扬州 City in Jiangsu
Nânjīng 南京 Capital city of Jiangsu
Hànkǒu 汉口 City in Hubei, the "Han" in Wuhan
Wǔchāng 武昌 City in Hubei, the "Wu" of Wuhan
Hànyáng 汉阳 City in Hubei, part of Wuhan
Chóngqìng 重庆 Used to be part of Sichuan, now a municipality
Niǎn Jūn Qǐyì 捻军起义 The Nian Rebellion lasted from 1851 – 1868.
Miáo Rebellion 苗民起义 Three different rebellions share this name
Guìzhōu 贵州 Mountainous interior province in West China
Zuǒ Zōngtáng 左宗棠 Famous and very successful general during the Qing
Dungan Revolt 同治回辩 Tóngzhì Huí Biàn Another in a long line of Muslim wars , this one against Yaqub Beg in the northwest of China.
Xīnjiāng 新疆 Province in northwest China
Zūnyì 遵义 City in Guizhou
Táng Jiǒng 唐炯 Governor of Sichuan and early benefactor of Mesny
Chóng'ān River 崇安河 River in Guizhou where Mesny's bridge stands
Shāndōng 山东 Coastal province in China
Jìnán 济南 Capital city of Shandong
Dīng Bǎozhēn 丁宝桢 Governor of Sichuan Province
Gōng Bǎo Jī Dīng 宫保鸡丁 Kung Pao Chicken
Gōng Bǎo 宫保 Palace Guardian