The China History Podcast

Thanks to Carole in Virginia for giving me enough of a push to get this episode finally produced.  This might have been one of the first ten topics I came up with when I began writing the original list back in 2010.  The history of silk is really an amazing testament to humankind's ingenuity and the randomness of life since Neolithic times. I hope you enjoy this episode.  It turned out to be a much greater story than I was ever aware of.

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE:

Shén Nóng   神农 The Divine Farmer, god of agriculture and many other things

Qīng Dynasty   清朝   The last imperial dynasty in China - 1644-1911

Dèng Xiǎopíng   邓小平 Chairman of China Bridge Association and great Chinese leader during 20th century

Míng Dynasty   明朝 Second to the last dynasty...1368-1644

Táng   唐朝 Dynasty in China 618-907

Ānhuì   安徽 Province in China

Fújiàn   福建 Province in China

Sòng Dynasty   宋朝   Dynasty in China....960-1279

Yǎngsháo Wenhua 仰韶文化 Yangshao Culture in China..5000 to 3000 BCE more or less

Yángshuò County   阳朔县 One of the great sightseeing centers of China, near Guilin

Zhèngzhōu   郑州   City in Henan

Qīngtaí   清台村 Village in the northwest corner of Zhengzhou on the south bank of the Yellow River

Huāxià   华夏 The collective tribes that made up ancient core Han Chinese civilization

Xià County   夏县 County in south Shanxi on the border with Henan

Shānxī province   山西省 Province in China

Qiánshānyàng 钱山漾 town at the south end of Lake Tai near Húzhōu

Shāng Dynasty   商朝 China's first "official dynasty," lasted from 1600 to 1046 BCE

Huángdì   黄帝 The Yellow Emperor

Xī Líng Shì   西陵氏   The discoverer of silk and the primary wife of the Yellow Emperor

Léi Zǔ   嫘祖 Other name of Xi Ling Shi by which she is more commonly known

Cán Nǎinai   蚕奶奶 The Goddess of Silkworms

Cán 蚕 a silk-worm

Kǒngfūzǐ   孔夫子 Confucius

Shǐ Jì 史记Records of the Grand Historian

Jì  礼记 Book of Rites

nǚgōng 女红 the feminine arts

Sūzhōu   苏州 City in Jiangsu Province

Nánjīng   南京   Capital city of Jiangsu province

Chéngdū   成都   The capital city of Sichuan province

Zhāng Qiān   张骞 Great Western Han Dynasty adventurer, instrumental in getting the Silk Road up and running

Hàn Wǔdì   汉武帝 Great Western Han Dynasty emperor

Wǔyí Mountains   武夷山 Mountains in northern Fujian where some of the best tea in the world comes from

Hétián   和田 Formerly called Khotan...a great trading kingdom in present day Xinjiang

Jìn Dynasty   晋朝 Dynasty in China: 265-420 CE

Suí   隋朝 Dynasty in China from 581-618

Cháng'ān   长安 Present day Xian in Shaanxi Province

Qiánlóng   乾隆 Emperor during the heyday of the Qing Dynasty, 1735-1796

 

Frank Lavin's new World War II book: "Home Front to Battlefront"

Web Site: EXPORT NOW if you're looking to break into the China online market with your product.

Website for SupChina.com ......everything you need to know to stay on top of China news......Only 3 minutes is all it takes (unless you read ALL the articles)

 

Direct download: CHP-179-The_Ancient_History_of_Silk.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 1:35pm EDT

In part two of this series examining the forgotten life of William Mesny, we hear the second half of his story in China. We're mostly using author David Leffman's 2016 book "The Mercenary Mandarin"

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Chéngdū   成都 Capital city of Sichuan

Khampa   康巴 Area in eastern Tibet bordering Sichuan

Yúnnán   云南 Southwestern province of China

Huí   回族 Musilm ethnic minority

Guìlín   桂林 Beautiful city in Guangxi

Lí River  漓江   River running through Guilin

Liǔzhōu   柳州 City in Guangxi

Róngshûi   融水 City near Liuzhou

Róng’ān   融安   City near Liuzhou

Dānzhōu   丹州   City near Liuzhou

Miao   苗族 Known as the Hmong in the US, one of China's ethnic minorities

Yáo   瑶族 one of China's ethnic minorities

Dòng   侗族 one of China's ethnic minorities

Zuǒ Zōngtáng   左宗棠 Successful Qing era general

Guìyáng   贵阳 Capital of Guizhou

Chóngqìng   重庆 Formerly part of Sichuan, now a Municipality

Lánzhōu   兰州   Capital of Gansu

Zhìlǐ   治理 Old province of China that no longer exists

Qīnghǎi   青海 Province in West China

Gānsù   甘肃   Province in West China

Níngxià   宁夏 Province in West-Central China

Shǎolín Temple   少林寺   Famous temple in China

Tàiyuán   太原   Capital of Shanxi

Shānxī   山西 Province in China

Bǎodìng   保定   City in Hebei

Lǐ Hóngzhāng   李鸿章 Chinese military leader and diplomat and signer of more than a couple unequal treaties.

Zhuōzhōu   涿州   City south of Beijing in Hebei

Zhāng Zhīdòng    张之洞 Reforming governor of Shanxi

Xīān   西安   Capital of Shaanxi

Qínlǐng Mountains   秦岭山   Mountain chain in southern Shaanxi

Kūnmíng   昆明   Capital of Yunnan

Dōngjīng   东京   Eastern Capital. Can mean Tokyo or Tungking (N. Vietnam)

Anhui   安徽 Province in Eastern China

Hefei   合肥   Capital of Anhui

Guǎngxī   广西   Province in southern China

Xinjiang   新疆  Province in northwest China

Shaanxi   陕西   Province in north-central China

Huangxing Road   黄兴路 Road in Hankou

 

 

The Mercenary Mandarin - amazon link to the book

Link to Blacksmith Books

Link to one of Mesny's Chinese Miscellany (Vol IV)

Link to John Pomfrets book "The Beautiful Country and the Middle Kingdom"

 

 

 

Direct download: CHP-178-William_Mesny_Part_2.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 11:19pm EDT

In this first part of a two-part series we examine the forgotten life of William Mesny. Drawing from author David Leffman's 2016 book "The Mercenary Mandarin," Laszlo discusses an unknown character from the bad old days of late Qing Dynasty China. Though he never made it to the history books, he nonetheless witnessed and took part in a lot of it. Through Mesny we can once again wander through some of Imperial China's worst years.

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Qīng 清朝 The Qing Dynasty 1644-1911

Bǎinián guóchǐ   百年国耻 China's Century of Humiliation

Lǐ Hóngzhāng   李鸿章  Famous Chinese military man and diplomat

Màishìní Huá-yīng Huìtōng   麦士尼华英会通  "Mesny's Chinese Miscellany"

Sòng 宋朝 The Song Dynasty

Tàipīng Tiāngguó   太平天国 Taiping Heavenly Kingdom

Hóng Xiùquán   洪秀全 The head of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom

Guǎngxī   广西 Province in Southwest China

Húnán   湖南 Province on Central China

Cháng Shèng Jūn   常胜军 The Ever-Victorious Army

Zhìlǐ   治理 Old province of China that no longer exists

Húguǎng   湖广 Hubei - Hunan and surrounding areas

Liǎngguǎng 两广   Guangdong - Guangxi

Wǔhàn   武汉 Capital City of Hubei Province

Zhènjiāng   镇江 City in southwest Jiangsu

Sūzhõu   苏州   City in Jiangsu, called the Venice of China

Bǎoyīng   宝应 County in central Jiangsu

Jiāngsū 江苏 Coastal province in China

Yángzhōu   扬州 City in Jiangsu

Nânjīng   南京   Capital city of Jiangsu

Hànkǒu   汉口 City in Hubei, the "Han" in Wuhan

Wǔchāng   武昌 City in Hubei, the "Wu" of Wuhan

Hànyáng 汉阳 City in Hubei, part of Wuhan

Chóngqìng 重庆 Used to be part of Sichuan, now a municipality

Niǎn Jūn Qǐ   捻军起义 The Nian Rebellion lasted from 1851 – 1868.

Miáo Rebellion   苗民起义 Three different rebellions share this name

Guìzhōu   贵州   Mountainous interior province in West China

Zuǒ Zōngtáng   左宗棠 Famous and very successful general during the Qing

Dungan Revolt 同治回辩 Tóngzhì Huí Biàn   Another in a long line of Muslim wars , this one against Yaqub Beg in the northwest of China.

Xīnjiāng   新疆 Province in northwest China

Zūnyì   遵义 City in Guizhou

Táng Jiǒng   唐炯 Governor of Sichuan and early benefactor of Mesny

Chóng'ān River   崇安河 River in Guizhou where Mesny's bridge stands

Shāndōng   山东 Coastal province in China

Jìnán   济南   Capital city of Shandong

Dīng Bǎozhēn  丁宝桢 Governor of Sichuan Province

Gōng Bǎo Jī Dīng   宫保鸡丁 Kung Pao Chicken

Gōng Bǎo   宫保 Palace Guardian

 

 

Direct download: CHP-177-William_Mesny_Part_1.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 11:16pm EDT

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