Sat, 1 August 2015
In this first of two episodes Laszlo gives Qin Shihuang, the subject of the first ever China History Podcast episode, a total makeover.
The Historic Teas of China: Check it out right here: http://www.teasenz.com/
TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE
Qin Shi Huang 秦始皇 The first emperor of China, Qin Dynasty founder
Y.K. Pao 包玉刚 Featured in CHP-124, HK tycoon and philanthropist
Zhongguo ren 中国人 A Chinese
Zhao 赵国 Zhao State in the Yellow River Valley
Qi 齐国 Qi State near Shandong
Chu 楚国 Chu State near Hubei
Yue 越国 Yue State near Zhejiang
Ba 巴国 Ba State near Chongqing
Shu 蜀国 Shu State near Chengdu
Zhou 周朝 The Zhou Dynasty
Yan 燕国 Yan State near Beijing
Xia 夏朝 The Xia Dynasty, mythical they say it was...
Shang 商朝 The Shang Dynasty
Sima Qian 司马迁 China's Herodotus
Shiji 史记 The Records of the Grand Historian by Sima Qian
Song dynasty 宋朝 The Song Dynasty
Lintong, Shaanxi 陕西临潼 Town outside Xian where the terra cotta warriors were found
Puyi 溥仪 China's Last Emperor
Ying 嬴 The surname of the Qin Kings and Dukes
Ying Zheng 嬴政 Qin Shihuang's name
Ying Zhuangxiang 秦庄襄王 Qin Shihuang's father
Wei River 渭河 One of the major tributaries of the Yellow River
Xian 西安 Capital of Shaanxi, one of China's most ancient cities.
Gansu 甘肃 Western Province in China
Tianshui 天水 Gansu's second largest city after Lanzhou
Rong 戎 "Barbarian" people to the west and north of the core China
Si Yi 四夷 The "Four Barbarians"
Dongyi 东夷 One of the four "barbarians"
Beidi 北狄 One of the four "barbarians"
Nanman 南蛮 One of the four "barbarians"
Duke Xiang 秦襄公Qin leader 777-766 BCE
Ji Family 姬家族 The Zhou Dynasty ruling family
Luoyang 洛阳 Eastern capital of the Zhou Dynasty
Chengzhou 成周 Ancient name of Luoyang
Zhou King Ping 周平王 Zhou King 770-720
Duke Wen 秦文公 Qin ruler 765-716 BCE
Shaanxi and Shanxi 陕西／山西Neighboring provinces that almost sound the same
Hubei 湖北 Central China province
Henan 河南 Central China province
Hebei 河北 North-central China province
Shandong 山东 North eastern province of China
Anhui 安徽 Central China province
Yu the Great 大禹 Xia Dynasty Founder
Huaxia 华夏 Ancient core China early name
Qin Mu Gong 秦穆公 Qin Ruler 659-621
Bawang 霸王 A hegemon
Wu State 吴国 State around Suzhou-Wuxi area
King Helü 阖闾 King of Wu 514-496 BCE
The Battle of Jìnyáng 金阳之战 Battle of Jinyang 455-453 BCE
Taiyuan 太原 Capital of Shanxi
Zhi state 智国 The Zhi state, annihilated at the Battle of Jinyang
San Jia Fen Jìn 三家分晋 the Partition of Jin between 434 and 403 BCE.
Qi Xiong 七雄 The final seven warring states
Linzi 临淄 just east of modern day Zibo
Shang Yang 商鞅 Great Qin statesman, helped make the Qin. 390-338 BCE
Pi 錍 A kind of ancient weapon similar to a dagger on a long stick
Ren duo hao ban shi 人多好办事 When you have a lot of people to do the job, it's much easier.
Shi 士 knight, scholar
Zaixiang 宰相 chancellor or chief minister
Duke Xiao 秦孝公 Qin Xiao Gong He lived 381 to 338 BCE
chelie 车裂 death by being pulled apart by 5 chariots
zhulian jiuzu 株连九族 a.k.a. the zuzhu 族诛 That meant when Shang Yang went down, so did his whole family: parents, grandparents, children, grandchildren, siblings, uncles and uncle's spouses...they all had to go.
Xiang Yu 项羽 The hegemon of Chu State, fought Liu Bang and lost. Featured in CHP episode 91
Liu Bang 刘邦 Han Dynasty founder
Shang Jun Shu商君书or just the Shangzi 商子 credited to Shang Yu, the blueprint fort Legalism and how to run the Qin State.
Han Feizi 韩非子lived from 280 to 236 BCE The man who made Legalism famous
Fan Sui 范睢 died 255 BCE, gave his king the strategy of yuanjiao jingong.
yuan jiao jin gong 远交近攻 Make allies of those far away in order to focus on defeating those who are nearby.
King Zhaoxiang 昭襄王 Qin leader, reined 306-251 BCE
Battle of Changping 长平之战The bloody battle where the Qin demolished the Zhao 262-260 BCE