The China History Podcast (podcasts)
CHP-155-Joseph Needham Part 1

In this long awaited topic Laszlo introduces "The Man Who Loved China", Dr. Joseph Needham.  A true friend of China for most of his adult life, Needham's contribution was the epic work "Science and Civilization in China".  Today this massive undertaking is spread out over 24 volumes, 17 of which were written in Needham's own lifetime.  Prior to Jospeh Needham getting the word out, China was not getting the respect it deserved for all its great contributions to human civilization.  He carried out intensive research and brought his findings to the public.  In this Part 1 episode we only go up to 1943 and the end of Needham's first expedition in China. 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Zhongguo Kexue jìshù shi  中国科学技  Science and Civilization in China

Lu Guizhen   桂珍  (1904-1991) Biochemist and long-time assistant to Needham

Luo Zhongshu   罗忠恕  (1903-1985) Scholar who got the word out in the west about China's suffering under Japan.

Jianqiao Daxue yu Zhongguo Daxue hezuo weiyuanhui

剑桥大学与中国大学合作委员会  Sino-British Scientific Cooperation Office

Lu Shiguo鲁仕国  Father of Lu Guizhen

luohou  落后  backwards

Chongqing  重庆  Former wartime capital of China also known as Chungking

Huang Xingzong  H.T. Huang

Min River   岷江  Great river of China where Dujiangyan is located

Dadu River  大渡河  Another tributary of the Yangzi

Lushan  芦山  City in Sichuan near Ya'an, (written in the book as Loushan)

Lizhuang  李庄 City located on the banks of the Yangzi

Anyang   安阳 City in northern Henan where the Shang period Yin Ruins are located

Wang Yuanlu  圆箓  The guy who got duped into selling 24 wagon loads of treasure, including the Diamond Sutra to Aurel Stein for about 220 quid.

Hanzhong   汉中   City in Shaanxi

Baoji    Another city in Shaanxi

Shaanxi   西  One of the great ancient provinces of China

Jiayuguan  嘉峪关  End of the line as far as the Great Wall went. 

Dunhuang   敦煌  Great trading city and center for Buddhist learning.

Liao Hongying   鸿Chemist, Worked for British Council in Chengdu

Dujiangyan  都江堰  One of the greatest civil irrigation projects in human history that provided benefits to hundreds of millions of people since it was built in 256 BCE

Qin Shihuang   秦始皇 The Qin emperor

Li Bīng   李冰  The official credited with overseeing the entire Dujiangyan project.

Shu kingdom   蜀国 The Kingdom located in and around where present-day Chengdu is located.

Shuangshipu  双石A town near Baoji in Shaanxi

Héxī Corridor河西走廊  The geographic region running east and west inside Gansu Province.  It was an ancient road from thousands of years ago.

Mogao Caves  莫高窟  The caves at Dunhuang where so much Buddhist treasure was found.

Northern Zhou  北周  (557-581) A northern Dynasty during the Northern & Southern Dynasties Period

Nanbei Chao   南北朝  (420-589) The Northern and Southern Dynasties Period

Yang Jian    杨坚 Former Northern Zhou official who went on to found the Sui Dynasty.

Simon Winchester amazon.com page:  http://www.amazon.com/Simon-Winchester/e/B000APLU5E/ref=sr_ntt_srch_lnk_1?qid=1435163989&sr=8-1

 

Direct download: CHP-155-Jospeh_Needham_Part_1.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 7:49pm EDT

CHP-154-The Secret Nüshu Script

In this shorter than usual episode Laszlo introduces a little piece of culture taken from the southern portion of Hunan Province.  Generations of illiterate women from a single county on the Hunan-Guangxi border, denied education, created their own writing script.  Men never learned it and so it was used by these women to communicate with each other and to record their secret throughts and inspirations.  Almost lost to posterity, Nüshu has made somewhat of a revival and today others are learning it and keeping it alive. 

Terms from this Episode

 

Nüshu   

Shang Dynasty  商朝  The Shang Dynasty

Xiangnan Tuhua  湘南土  The local dialect of southern Hunan

Chengguan Tuhua  城关土  The dialect in and around Shangjiangxu Town

Cun    Village

Jiangyong County   江永 

Hunan  湖南  Province in China

Guangxi  广西 Province in China

Guilin  桂林  City in Guangxi

Shen Nong    You all remember him from the Tea Series, right??

Yao People  瑶族  The Yao minority people, also called the Dao in Vietnam

Shangjiangxu Town  上江圩  Ground Zero for Nüshu culture, located in Jiangyong County

Nüshu wenhua  文化  Nüshu Culture

Jiebai Zimei  拜姊妹  Sworn Sisters

Laotong  老同  “Old Same” A very close relationship arranged between two girls.  It lasted a lifetime

Jiangyong Xian 江永 Jiangyong County

Sanzhao  三朝  A custom followed on the third day after marriage or after birth

Sanzhaoshu  三朝  The Third Day Book

Xianfeng Emperor  咸丰帝

Guangxu Emperor  

Yang Huanyi    The last person who actually lived the Nüshu Culture.

Puyi     The Last Emperor

Putonghua  普通  Mandarin (language)

Zhou Shuoyi    Researcher who did much to revive Nüshu Culture

Yang Yueqing  月清 Canadian Film maker

 

 

Lisa See  http://www.lisasee.com/

Lisa See’s Novel about Nüshu, Snow Flower and the Secret Fan

 

Learn Mandarin at MSL MASTER:  http://mslmaster.com

 

Yang Yueqing’s documentary “Nü Shu: A Hidden Language of Women in China”

http://www.wmm.com/filmcatalog/makers/fm432.shtml

Direct download: CHP-154-The_Secret_Nushu_Script.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 9:12am EDT

CHP-153-The History of Opium in China

In this episode Laszlo examines remarks made by distinguished UCLA Professor of Public Policy Mark Kleiman who had commented on Britain's participation in the Opium War.  The main point was that the cause of the Opium War was due more to protecting imperial tax revenues and the domestic market than trying to stamp out the opium problem. Opium's history in China began centuries before, at least during the Tang and maybe as far back as the Eastern Jin.  The focus of this episode is on opium's history in China prior to the Opium War.

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

lao pengyou  老朋友   Old friends.

Xia Dynasty  夏朝

Shang Dynasty  商朝

Eastern Zhou 

Eastern Jin  

Nanfang Caomu Zhuang  南方草木装  Western Jin Scholar Ji Han (嵇含)

A Fu Rong 阿芙蓉  Ancient name for opium

A Fei Rong 阿肥蓉   Another name for opium

He Fu Rong 合甫融  Another name for opium

Yapian   Opium from the Arabic / Persian work afyun

Jiu Tang Shu  旧唐  The Old Book of Tang

Chen Cangqi’s Bencao Shiyi  陈藏器,本草拾遗   the Supplement to the Materia Medica

Tang Xuanzong  唐玄宗  Tang emperor on duty when the dynasty peaked a second time.

Southern Song  南宋 

Ying Su poppy

Su Dongpo    苏东  a.k.a. Su Shi  苏轼

Xu Boling  徐伯 Wrote in 1483 about opium’s use in China as an aphrodisiac

Siku Quanshu    The Complete Library of the Four Treasures

Qianlong 乾隆帝  The long reigning Qianlong emperor

Yongle Emperor   大典  Yongle Encyclopedia

Xie Zhaozhe  肇淛 lived in late 16th – early 17th century Ming Dynasty China was a prolific writer of books

Ming Chenghua  明成化  Ming emperor

chunyao    aphrodisiac

Li Shízhēn 李時珍 Compendium of Materia Medica, the Bencao Gangmu 本草 - 1578

Tainan  台南  City on south coast of Taiwan

Madak  达克  Mixture of opium and tobacco

Ming Chongzhen  明崇  Final Ming emperor, committed suicide when the dynasty fell

Wan Li Emperor 明万  Ming emperor

Shisan Ling   十三陵  the Thirteen Ming Tombs just north of Beijing

Dingling  定陵  The Wanli Emperor's Tomb, excavated in 1956

Lady Zheng  郑贵  Wanli Emperor’s favorite consort

Kangxi emperor  康熙  Great and long reigning Qing emperor

Yongzheng Emperor   雍正  Successor to the Kangxi emperor

Jiajing Emperor  嘉靖  Qing emperor who followed the Qianlong emperor

Daoguang emperor  道光   Qing emperor who was on duty when the roof caved in on China

da Tu   大土  Patna opium (big soil)

xiao tu   小土  Malwa opium (马尔瓦鸦片) (small soil)

gong tu   公土   Another name for Malwa opium common soil.

Lin Zexu    Chinese hero who stood up to Britain

Zhang Changjia  昌甲 wrote a book in 1878 called “Opium Talk”, Yan Hua. 

Pu Yi    The last Qing emperor

Empress Wanrong  婉容皇后  Empress of China’s last emperor Pu Yi

Chen Chong    Joan Chen

Du Yuesheng   杜月笙  Big-Ears Tu

Yapian Guan   鸦片馆  An opium house

Yan Guan     An opium house

Ying chou   迎抽 A welcome smoke offered a gues upon arriving at your house

Shen Nong    

Lu Yu     

 

ChineseSkill: Find it at http://www.chinese-skill.com/cs.html

Download the free APP and start learning to speak Mandarin like the Pro's!

 

For more on opium and eroticism in Chinese literature:

Keith McMahon http://kmcmahon.faculty.ku.edu//

Professor, Chinese Language and Literature
East Asian Languages and Cultures
University of Kansas
 

Peter Lee's Opium Culture amazon link

Narcotic Culture - A History of Drugs in China

Direct download: CHP-153-The_History_of_Opium_in_China.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 6:24pm EDT

CHP-152-The Flying Tigers Part 2

Laszlo finishes off the CHP overview of the story of the AVG in World War II.  In this episode the battle commences on December 20, 1941. From that point forward until the organization was disbanded on July 4, 1942 the Flying Tigers wrote their name into the history books.  

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Song Meiling 宋美龄 Soong Mei-ling, Madame Chiang Kai-shek

T.V. Song  宋子文  T.V. Soong, brother of Song Meiling

Yunnan  云南  Province in Southwestern China

Fei Hu  飞虎  The Flying Tigers

Kunming  昆明  Capital of Yunnan

Chen Xiangmei  陈香梅  Anna Chennault, 2nd wife of Claire Chennault

Nu Jiang  怒江  The Salween River separating Yunnan from Burma

Guilin  桂林  City in Guangxi

Hengyang  衡阳  City in Hunan

Yangren laihua zhuzhan, junmin yiti jiuhu  

洋人来华助战,军民一体救护 (洋人來華助戰,軍民一體救護)

This foreigner has come to China to help in the war. Soldiers and civilians, one and all, should rescue and protect him.

Hangkong Weiyuanhui 航空委员会  The Aviation Committee

Zhongguo Laobaixing  中国老百姓  The Chinese People

Jianchuan Museum 建川博物馆聚落  The Jianchuan Museum Complex

Feihu Qibingguan  飞虎奇兵馆  The Flying Tigers Museum

Fan Jianchuan  樊建川  Chengdu real estate mogul, founder of the museum complex

Daniel Ford's Book:  Flying Tigers: Claire Chennault and his American Volunteers 1941-1942

The Jianchuan Museum Complex Web Site

The Flying Tigers Official Web Site

Ray Harris's History of WWII Podcast

Direct download: CHP-152-The_Flying_Tigers_Part_2.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 4:08pm EDT

CHP-151-The Flying Tigers Part 1

In this Part 1 episode Laszlo provides all the setup and background for the magnificent story of the American Volunteer Group, known more popularly as The Flying Tigers.  Their’s was only an eight month long story but their success at a time when all seemed hopeless provided an inspiration to many and showed Japan was not invincible. 

 

Terms from this episode:

 

Zhong-Mei guanxi  中美关系  Sino-US relations

Zhōng-Mei hezuo  中美合作   Sino-US cooperation

Maguan Tiaoyue     关条   The Treaty of Shimonoseki 1895

Jiuyiba   九一八   The Mukden Incident of 9-18-1931

Qiqi Shibian  七七事  the Marco Polo Bridge Incident 7-7-1937

Chongqing     The wartime capital of Chongqing (also known as Chungking)

Kunming   昆明  Capital of Yunnan province.  Terminus of the Burma Road

T.V. Soong   宋子文  The often US-based brother of the Song sisters

Ailing  蔼龄  Oldest sister, Song Ailing, wife of Winston H.H. Kung

Qingling  庆龄   Middle sister, Song Qingling, Madame Sun Yat-sen

Meiling   宋美   Youngest sister, Song Meiling, Madame Chiang Kai-shek

Baituan Dazhan    the Hundred Regiments Offensive late 1940

Peng Dehuai   彭德怀  Legendary PLA general who led the Hundred Regiments Offensive

Sanguang Zhengce   三光政策  Japan’s horrific Three All’s Policy

Diamian Gonglu  公路  The Burma Road

 

Direct download: CHP-151-The_Flying_Tigers_Part_1.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 3:39pm EDT

CHP-150-The History of the Hakka People

CHP-150-The Hakka’s

 

In this milestone 150th CHP episode Laszlo shines a light on the Hakka people and where they fit in Chinese history.  There are no shortages of authoritative sources that all disagree as to their origins ands when the Hakka’s migrated from where to where.  Legends and stereotypes surrounded this sub-group of Chinese.  But one thing is for sure they  have carved an indelible spot in worldwide Chinese culture.  More than 80 million Hakka’s call this solar system their home.  Fifty minutes hardly offers a comprehensive look at any culture, let alone 客家文化.   In this episode Laszlo offers a general overview.  As always there is plenty of reading you can do and videos you can watch that give you a more satisfying meal than this episode can.

 Terms from this Episode

Hakka people  客家人  Translates to “Guest People”

Gan    Abbreviation for Jiangxi Province

Gan River    Main river in Jiangxi

Ganzhou     City in Jiangxi

Sima Yan     Founded Jin Dynasty. Temple name Jin Wudi

Cao Wei   曹魏  Northern of the Three Kingdoms

Shu    The western of the Three Kingdoms

Wu    The eastern of the Three Kingdoms

Jin Dynasty  晋朝  Founded by Jin Wudi

The Han    The Han Dynasty

Jin Wudi   晋武帝  Jin Dynasty founder

Luoyang  洛阳  Ancient capital city in China history

Emperor Min  晋愍帝  Last Western Jin emperor

Huizong  徽宗  Last emperor of the Northern Song

Wuhu   五胡  The Five Barbarian Tribes

Xiōngnú   匈奴  One of the Five Barbarian Tribes

Jié  One of the Five Barbarian Tribes

Xianbei    One of the Five Barbarian Tribes

     One of the Five Barbarian Tribes

Qiāng   One of the Five Barbarian Tribes

Zhao     Surname of the Song Dynasty emperors

Jiankang  建康  Ancient name of Nanjing

Nanjing   南京  City in Jiangsu, means Southern capital

Liu Yu   刘裕  Founder of the Liu Song (also known as 刘宋武帝)

Liu Song   刘宋  First of the Southern Kingdoms

Nanbei Chao   南北朝  The Southern and Northern Kingdoms period

Shibi Village   石壁村  Place in Fujian where the Hakka’s first settled

Yan’an   延安  City in Shaanxi, where the Long March concluded

Zudi  祖地  Ancestral land

Ninghua County  宁化  County in Fujian

Tingzhou   汀洲  Another place not far from Shibi where the Hakka’s first assembled

Changting     Present day name for Tingzhou

Luo Xianglin   祥林  Hakka historian

Kejia Yanjiu Daoliu  客家研究  Luo Xianglin’s 1933 book “An Introduction to the Study of the Hakka’s,”

Huang Chao Uprising  黄巢之乱  Uprising in the late Tang from 881 to 884

Zhao Kuangyin   匡胤  Founder of the Song Dynasty

Kaifeng   开封  Capital of the Northern Song

Lin’an     Capital of Southern Song (present day Hangzhou)

Zheng Chenggong   成功  Taiwan hero, better known as Koxinga

Kangxi emperor   康熙  Long reigning early Qing Dynasty emperor

Qian Hai Ling   遷海令The Great Clearance, or coastal evacuation

Bendi  本地  Also known as the Punt in Cantonese, means Native

Chaozhou  潮州City in Guangdong, above Shantou.  The people are known as Teochew

Shantou    Coastal city in Guangdong adjacent to Chaozhou

Chaoshan   潮汕  Abbreviation for Chaozhou-Shantou

Jieyang  揭阳  Predominantly Hakka city just west of Chaozhou and Shantou.

Yue    Abbreviation for Guangdong

Kejia ren  客家人  A Hakka Person

Meizhou   梅州  City in northeast Guangdong

Biaozhun    a standard

Meixian   Mei County

Yanju Ji   盐焗鸡  Salt Baked Chicken

Niang Doufu   豆腐  The most famous Hakka dish

Tu Kè Xièdòu   土客械斗   The Punti-Hakka Clan Wars from1855 and 1867

Taishan   台山  City known as Toi San.

Qingchao Monian   清朝末年  The final years of the Qing dynasty

Min    Fujian people, also an abbreviation of Fujian

Hong Xiuquan   洪秀全  Responsible for the Taiping Rebellion

Xiang    Abbreviation of Hunan

Han Su-yin  素音  Born in Xinyang, Henan, home of Xinyang Maojian tea. Han Su Yin was the pen name of author Elizabeth Comber

Hsieh T’ing-yu  Historian who wrote The Origin and Migrations of the Hakkas (1929)

Nàxī  西  Ethnic minority group around Lijiang in Yunnan

Tulou   土楼  The circular and square Hakka compounds

Hui     The character “to return”.

Yongding County   永定 County in southern Fujian near Guangdong border

Weilong Wu   围龙  Distinctive single level concentric U-shaped structures

Kejia shange   客家山歌  Hakka mountain folk songs

Leicha   擂茶  Hakka pounded tea

 

Famous Hakka

Deng Xiaoping   小平

Yang Shangkun  尚昆

Lee Kwan Yew   李光耀

Zhu De   朱德

Ye Jianying  

Su Yu  粟裕

Chen Yi  

Hua Guofeng  

Hu Yaobang   胡耀邦

Guo Moruo  郭沫若

Liu Bocheng   刘伯承(maybe)

Nie Rongzhen   荣臻  (maybe)

Zhang Guotao  

Ouyang Xiu   欧阳修

Aw Boon Haw   胡文虎

Aw Boon Par  胡文豹

Chow Yun-fat   润发

Lee Denghui   李登

Charlie Soong   宋嘉

Song Ailing  

Song Qingling庆龄

Song Meiling   宋美

T.V. Soong   宋子文

 

Henan Xinyang Maojian tea  河南信阳毛尖茶

Láoshan  

谢谢温老

 

 

Jemimah Steinfeld:  Little Emperors and Material Girls: Youth and Sex in Modern China

Mary Erbaugh."The Secret History of the Hakkas: The Chinese revolution as a Hakka Enterprise"

University of Pittsburgh Professor and Director of their Asian Studies Center Nicole Constable: Guest People: Hakka Identity in China and Abroad

Direct download: CHP-150-The_History_of_the_Hakka_People.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 12:40pm EDT

In this final episode of the CHP's ten-part History of Tea series Laszlo travels from province to province introducing the more famous of China's teas.  

The History of Tea Part 10 Terms

 

Pu’er普洱  City in Yunnan famous for Pu’er Tea

Qingming Festival  清明 Grave Sweeping Festival, usually around April 5-6

Shu Pu’er  熟普洱Ripe Pu’er Tea

Wodui  渥堆  The process to speed up the ripening of Pu’er tea

Longjing tea  井茶  The famous green tea from the West Lake area in Hangzhou

Qianlong  乾隆帝  Qing dynasty emperor. No need to get into an detail.

Hugong Temple 胡公Temple in Longjing Village

Shanzhai 山寨  Slang for cheap imitation consumer goods

Maojian   毛尖  “Downy tip” or “Fur tip” tea leaves consisting of a bud and single leaf.

Maofeng   毛峰  The classic bud set consisting of a bud and the two top leaves.

Zhucha  珠茶  “Pearl” Tea or Gunpowder Tea.

Pingshui 平水  Pingshui, just south of Shaoxing 紹興

Huangshan Maofeng  黄山毛峰  The most famous “maofeng” tea from the Huangshan area in Anhui

Huangshan  黄山  One of China’s sacred mountains, located in Anhui

Lu’an  六安  City in Anhui

Lu’an Guapian  六安瓜片  The specialty of Lu’an, Melon Seed Tea

Shanghai Tianshan Chacheng  上海天山茶 A tea shopping center located in Shanghai

Chacheng  茶城  A tea city, the name given to these “tea malls”

Yan cha  岩茶  Rock Tea from the cliffs of Wuyi Shan

Xinyang Maojian  信阳毛尖  The specialty of Henan province, the most northerly grown tea in China.

Jiān   Tip

Tsim Sha Tsui  尖沙咀  The district at the southern tip of Kowloon in Hong Kong

Xishuangbanna  西双版 City in southern Yunnan, ground zero for wild tea trees

Ankang  安康  Prefectural-level city located at the southeast corner of Shaanxi province. Known as the city of folk songs.

Ziyang Maojian  紫阳毛尖茶  Selenium rich tea from Ziyang County in Shaanxi  

    Selenium 

Taiping Houkui  太平猴魁  Tea grown near Huangshan in Anhui

Houkui  猴魁Monkey King

Bai Mudan  白牡丹White Peony tea

Baihao Yinzhen  白毫银针  Silver Needle tea. 

Tieguanyin   铁观Iron Goddess or Iron Buddha Tea named for Guanyin

Anxi  安溪  City in southern Fujian famous for their Tieguanyin Tea

Dancong  单枞The most famous tea coming from Guangdong province

Chaozhou  潮州  City bordering Shantou on the southeast coast of Guangdong

Shantou   City bordering Chaozhou on the southeast coast of Guangdong

Shaxian   County in west central Fujian province famous for, among other things, their snack foods.

Sanming  三明市  city located next to Sha County

Jinjunmei   A kind of black tea from Tongmu Village in Wuyi Shan Fujian

Tongmu Village 桐木村  Village near Wuyi Shanknown as the birthplace of black tea

Rougui  肉桂茶  Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area

Da Hong Pao  袍茶  “Big Red Robe” tea. One of the greatest and renowned Rock Teas

Tieluohan  铁罗汉茶  Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area

Shuixian  水仙茶  Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area

Shui Jin Gui  水金龟茶 Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area

Bai Ji Guan 冠茶 Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area

Li Chunsheng 李春生 A Fujianese called Co-father of the Taiwan Tea industry. Left a great legacy in early Taiwan history.

Duyun Maojian  都匀毛尖  Tea from Duyun, Guizhou, about two hours by car west of the capital Guiyang.

Yugou Cha  勾茶  Fish Hook Tea, former name of Duyun Maojian Tea

Guiding Yunwu 贵顶云雾茶  A famous tea of Guizhou Province

Meijiang Cuipian  眉江翠片茶  Another great Guizhou green tea

Liubao六堡  in the eastern part of Guangxi near the border with Guangdong. Famous for their black tea. Particularly popular in Malaysia and among most all Pu’er lovers.

Guiping Xishan tea  桂平西山茶Another great and much loved Guangxi Tea

Gan Lu Tea甘露茶  Sweet Dew Tea, the famous tea of Mengding Shan.

Wu Lizhen  吴理真 Buddhist Monk credited with the cultivation of tea on Mengding Shan.

Mengding Shan  Mountain in Sichuan where tea cultivation began in China

Biancha   Border Tea, tea destined for the markets bordering China. They weren’t choosy.

Renmin Gongyuan  人民公园  Nice park in central Chengdu where you can kick back, drink tea and groove on a little Chengdu traditional culture.

Cháng zuǐ    A long spouted tea pot

Chama Gudao  古道 the Ancient Tea Horse Road

   The old borrowed character for tea

Chá    The character for tea, beginning around Lu Yu’s time in the Tang

Mengding shan Xueya  山雪芽One of the big teas of the Mengding Shan area 

Zhuyeqing  竹叶青茶 A great green tea from the E’Mei Shan area in Sichuan

Qingcheng shan Snow Bud  青城山雪芽茶Another great Sichuan Tea from the Dujiangyan area

E’mei Shan Maofeng  峨眉山毛峰  Yet another great green from Sichuan’s E’Mei Shan region.

E’Mei Shan Bai Ya  峨眉山白牙Same with this one. Another famous Sichuan tea.

Biluochun  碧螺春  “Green Snail Spring” tea from Jiangsu province.

Kangxi  康熙  Grandfather of Qianlong.  Both of these emperors were great partons of imperial tea culture.

Ming Mei tea茗眉茶a.k.a Lady’s Slender Eyebrows Tea, grown in Wuyuan County just east of Jingdezhen and just south of

Wuyuan County  婺源County in Jiangxi famous for, among other things, tea.

Lushan Yunwu  山云  Jiangxi’s famous Lushan Cloud and Mist tea

Jiujiang City  九江City on the western side of Lake Poyang in northwest Jiangxi

Zhu De  朱德  Mao’s oldest comrade and PLA Founder.  A living legend in his time and beloved by the people.

Zhu De's poem about Lushan Yunwu Tea, with Pinyin:

Lúshān yúnwù chá, wèi nóng xìng pōlà, ruò dé chángshí yǐn, yánnián yìshòu fǎ. 

The flavor of Lushan Yunwu tea is strong and intense.  If you drink it for long it is a way to attain longevity.

庐山云雾茶,味浓性泼辣,若得长时饮,延年益寿法

 

Yichang 宜昌  Historic city in southern Hubei

Jingmen  荆门Another ancient Hubei city located north of Yichang

Yuan’an County  远安县County in Hubei. Yichang is the administrative seat. Famous for their Yuan’an Lu Yuan Tea.

Yuan’an Lu Yuan远安鹿苑茶 The local specialty of Hubei Yuan’an County. A famous yellow tea

En’shi Yu Lu  恩施玉露茶  A Hubei green tea from the city of Enshi near the Wufeng Mountains

Junshan Yinzhen  君山银针茶  “Gentleman Mountain Silver Needle Tea”, a yellow tea only found on Junshan Island in Hunan.

Dongting Hu  洞庭湖  Lake Dongting, located in northern Hunan.

Hu   Lake

Nan   South

Bei   North

Ba Shu  巴蜀  The ancient state in Sichuan who brought us tea cultivateon

Tang Taizong  唐太宗   The second emperor of the Tang Dynasty.  Already enough said about him.

 

THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. 

 

This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed BOOK. 

 

“Tea in China: A Religious and Cultural History”by James A. Benn

Link to the book

 

 

Direct download: CHP-149-The_History_of_Tea_Part_10R2.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 9:37pm EDT

CHP-148-The History of Tea Part 9

In this penultimate episode of the China History Podcast History of Tea series Laszlo finishes off the story of Robert Fortune and introduces Sir Robert J. Lipton. This CHP long history of Chinese tea started off slow and in this Part 9 fizzles out altogether.  Laszlo also introduces a little overview of Pu-erh Tea as an extra bonus.

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

 

Wuyi Mountains  武夷山 The fabled Wuyi Mountains of northern Fujian

Shen Nong    Second of the Three Soveriegns, discoverer of tea and author of the Bencaojing (see below)

Tu    This is what tea used to be called before it became cha

zhenzhu naicha  珍珠奶茶  Boba Milk Tea

Bencaojing  本草 the Classic of Herbal Medicine (attributed to Shen Nong)

Wang Bao王褒  Western Han individual involved in a contract for a servant

Emperor Xuan宣帝 Han Emperor Xuan 

Wu Lizhen吴理真 Buddhist Monk credited with the cultivation of tea on Mengding Shan

Mengding shan    Mountain in Sichuan where tea cultivation began in China

The Shuowen Jiezi  文解字  Han Dynasty dictionary

Ming    Another name for Tea

Er Ya    The first dictionary in China

Guang Ya  广雅  An updated version of the Er Ya

Ba Shu  巴蜀  巴蜀  Ancient state from the Shu Kingdom

Chengdu cai  成都菜  Chengdu style cuisine

Shu Feng Yuan    The Chengdu joint in Rowland Heights preferred by Laszlo

gongcha  tribute tea

Sui  隋朝 The Sui Dynasty

Tang  唐朝  The Tang Dyansty

Lu Yu    Patron Saint of Tea, prominently featured in History of Tea Part 3

Biancha    Border tea….tea that was specially processed and packaged for the border peoples of China

chama gudao  古道 the ancient Tea-Horse Road

Chan Buddhism    Zen Buddhism

Lu Tong  The great poet and bon vivant

Qi Wan Shi  七碗  Lu Tong’s poem Seven Bowls of Tea

Jian ware  建窑  Jian ware

xing ware  邢窑  Xing ware from Hebei

qīngbái  清白 Unique white porcelain of the Song

chaju  茶具  Tea ware

Song  宋朝  The Song Dynasty

Diancha  点茶  To whisk powdered tea

Doucha  斗茶  A tea contest

Charen  茶人  A “tea person”, someone in love with or expert in tea

Cai Xiang  蔡襄  Great calligrapher and tea expert from the Northern Song

Cha Lu  the Record of Tea

Su Shi   苏轼 Famous official, man of letters and all around Hometown Hero of Hangzhou

Su Dongpo  苏东 Su Shi’s other name

Dongpo Rou  坡肉  The dish attributed to Su Dongpo. A tasty Hangzhou specialty

K.S. Lo  桂祥  Dr. K.S. Lo (1910-1995) Vitasoy Founder and passionate Yixing pottery and ceramics collector.

Ming  明朝  Ming Dynasty

Zhu Yuanzhang  朱元璋 the Hongwu Emperor 洪武帝

Zhu Quan  Son of Hongwu Emperor, writer of the Cha Pu (different from the Cai Xiang Cha Pu)

Jingdezhen  景德  Famous historic city in Jiangxi famous for everything produced from their kilns

Yixing     City along Tai Hu in Jiangsu famous for their teapots

Pu Erh  普洱茶  Pu-er tea (written Pu-Er and with an h on the end.)

Oolong  乌龙  Oolong tea

cha dashi  茶大  A Tea master

dìjíshìi    A Prefectural level city….has more authority than other cities their size.

Xishuangbanna  西双版  City in southern Yunnan

Simao  思茅   Temporary name for Pu’er. Now a district of Pu’er City

zisha 紫砂  Purple clay, main ingredient of Yixing teapots

Qingming Holiday  清明 also known as Grave-Sweeping Festival, Usually falls on April 4 or 5

Shanzhai  山寨  a metaphor for a low-end copy-cat products and factories that produces fakes

qi zi bing cha  七子 Seven Sons Tea Cake

cha dao  茶刀  A tea knife

Yìwǔ  易武  City in Yunnan

Yìwū  义乌  City in central Zhejiang, renowned as the center of China’s merchandise wholesale trade

Wuliang  无量山 Mountain area in Yunnan for famous for their Pu-er Tea

Ailao  哀牢山  Mountain area in Yunnan for famous for their Pu-er Tea

Daxue Mountains  大雪山  Mountain area in Yunnan for famous for their Pu-er Tea

Tedian  特点 special point…outstanding characteristic

Sheng Pu’er  生普洱  Raw Pu-er tea that has not ripened yet

Shou Pu’er  熟普洱 Ripe Pu-er tea that has aged naturally over time or spec up through the Wo Dui process.

Wodui  渥堆  A process of speeding up the ripening of raw maocha.

cha nong茶农 A tea farmer

sha qing  杀青  To “kill green”. Heat the tea leaves to deactivate the enzymes

rounian  揉捻  The “rolling” of the tea leaves.

Maocha  毛茶  Pu-er tea in its raw state.  Can be packed at once for sheng pu-er or wòduīprocessed to speed up the ripening.

Kunming Cha Chang  昆明茶厂 the Kunming Tea Factory

Bingcha  饼茶 A tea cake

Tuocha沱茶  Bird nest shaped cakes of Pu-er tea in all kinds of sizes.

hē xibeifēng  喝西北风  To east dust.  To “drink the northwest wind”

gushu  古树 ancient tree 

baojianpin  保健品  Health products

 

Babelcap:  A Chinese Tea Lexicon  http://babelcarp.org/babelcarp/

 

Sarah Rose’s book: For all the Tea in China

 

THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. 

 

This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print. 

 

Robert Fortune’s Two books:

Three Years' Wanderings in the Northern Provinces of China

A Journey to the Tea Countries of China

 

 

Direct download: CHP-148-The_History_of_Tea_Part_9R.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 7:05pm EDT

CHP-147-The History of Tea Part 8

In this 8th installment of the CHP History of Tea series Laszlo introduces the story of Mr. Robert Fortune.  With Britain’s East India Company bankrolling him, Fortune played a most key role in breaking China’s millennia old monopoly of tea manufacturing and export.  

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Shen Nong神农 One of the all time greats in legendary Chinese history. Discovered tea’s pleasures and passed it on to Chinese civilization

Yuantou    The fountainhead or source

Chaju  茶具  Teaware

Guangcai  广彩  A type of colorful porcelain that was a specialty in Guangzhou

Wuyi Shan  武夷山Wu Yi Mountains in northern Fujian

Lin Zexu    19th century Chinese hero who stood up to the West and burned all the opium in Humen in 1839

Huangshan黄山 Yellow Mountain in southern Anhui, one of the most sacred mountains in China

Bohea  武夷茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers

Congou  工夫One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers

Souchong小种  Lapsong Souchong Tea (正山小种茶)

Pekoe白毫 One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers. (See Bai Hao above)

Hyson  熙春茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers, also known as Lucky Dragon Tea

Gunpowder Tea珠茶  A pellet shaped green tea

Longjing cha  井茶  Dragon Well Tea from Longjing Village outside Hangzhou

Qionglai, Sichuan  四川邛 Tea growing city southwest of Chengdu

Gaiwan  盖碗  A covered tea bowl.

Ren duo hao ban shi  人多好 Chairman Mao was credited with saying this…that having a lot of people to do something made the task easier.

 

Sarah Rose’s book: For all the Tea in China

 THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. 

 This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print. 

Robert Fortunes Two Books:

Three Years' Wanderings in the Northern Provinces of China

A Journey to the Tea Countries of China

 

 

 

Direct download: CHP-147-The_History_of_Tea_Part_8R.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 5:50am EDT

CHP-146-The History of Tea Part 7

In Part 7 of the CHP History of Tea series we look at what happened after Europeans first came to China and instantly fell in love with tea. The period covered in this episode is the late Ming and the Qing.  

 

CHP-145 TEA PART 7 TERMS

Bohea  武夷茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers

Hyson  熙春茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers, also known as Lucky Dragon Tea

Tuihuo  退  To reject and return cargo.

Chanong    Tea farmer

Get atta hee   Chicagonese for Get out of here.

Qianlong  乾隆帝  Even longer reigning Qing dynasty emperor who acted even more as a model patron of tea culture

Papaver somniferum   The Opium Poppy

Camellia sinensis    The Tea plant

Kangxi  康熙帝  Long reigning Qing dynasty emperor who acted as a model patron of tea culture

Shen Nong  神农 One of the all time greats in legendary Chinese history. Discovered tea’s pleasures and passed it on to Chinese civilization

Jingdezhen  景德  The porcelain capital of China and at one time, the whole world.

Lishan Xiaozhong 立山小种  Lapsong Souchong Tea

Zhengshan Xiaozhong  正山小种  Lapsong Souchong Tea

Wuyi Mountain  武夷山Wu Yi Mountains in northern Fujian

Qimen cha    Keemun Tea from Anhui, a world class China black tea.

Huangshan 黄山 Yellow Mountain in southern Anhui, one of the most sacred mountains in China

Keemun Hao Ya 门毫芽

Keemun Maofeng  门毛峰

Keemun Congou  功夫

Guangxu  绪 Second to the last Qing emperor. 

Tu  What tea used to be called before cha.

Kucai   苦菜  A type of bitter vegetable.

 

THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. 

 

This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print. 

 

Link to Pathlight Magazine: http://paper-republic.org/pubs/pathlight/

 

 

 

Direct download: CHP-146-The_History_of_Tea_Part_7R.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 11:34am EDT