The China History Podcast (podcasts)
CHP-152-The Flying Tigers Part 2

Laszlo finishes off the CHP overview of the story of the AVG in World War II.  In this episode the battle commences on December 20, 1941. From that point forward until the organization was disbanded on July 4, 1942 the Flying Tigers wrote their name into the history books.  

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Song Meiling 宋美龄 Soong Mei-ling, Madame Chiang Kai-shek

T.V. Song  宋子文  T.V. Soong, brother of Song Meiling

Yunnan  云南  Province in Southwestern China

Fei Hu  飞虎  The Flying Tigers

Kunming  昆明  Capital of Yunnan

Chen Xiangmei  陈香梅  Anna Chennault, 2nd wife of Claire Chennault

Nu Jiang  怒江  The Salween River separating Yunnan from Burma

Guilin  桂林  City in Guangxi

Hengyang  衡阳  City in Hunan

Yangren laihua zhuzhan, junmin yiti jiuhu  

洋人来华助战,军民一体救护 (洋人來華助戰,軍民一體救護)

This foreigner has come to China to help in the war. Soldiers and civilians, one and all, should rescue and protect him.

Hangkong Weiyuanhui 航空委员会  The Aviation Committee

Zhongguo Laobaixing  中国老百姓  The Chinese People

Jianchuan Museum 建川博物馆聚落  The Jianchuan Museum Complex

Feihu Qibingguan  飞虎奇兵馆  The Flying Tigers Museum

Fan Jianchuan  樊建川  Chengdu real estate mogul, founder of the museum complex

Daniel Ford's Book:  Flying Tigers: Claire Chennault and his American Volunteers 1941-1942

The Jianchuan Museum Complex Web Site

The Flying Tigers Official Web Site

Ray Harris's History of WWII Podcast

Direct download: CHP-152-The_Flying_Tigers_Part_2.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 4:08pm EDT

CHP-151-The Flying Tigers Part 1

In this Part 1 episode Laszlo provides all the setup and background for the magnificent story of the American Volunteer Group, known more popularly as The Flying Tigers.  Their’s was only an eight month long story but their success at a time when all seemed hopeless provided an inspiration to many and showed Japan was not invincible. 

 

Terms from this episode:

 

Zhong-Mei guanxi  中美关系  Sino-US relations

Zhōng-Mei hezuo  中美合作   Sino-US cooperation

Maguan Tiaoyue     关条   The Treaty of Shimonoseki 1895

Jiuyiba   九一八   The Mukden Incident of 9-18-1931

Qiqi Shibian  七七事  the Marco Polo Bridge Incident 7-7-1937

Chongqing     The wartime capital of Chongqing (also known as Chungking)

Kunming   昆明  Capital of Yunnan province.  Terminus of the Burma Road

T.V. Soong   宋子文  The often US-based brother of the Song sisters

Ailing  蔼龄  Oldest sister, Song Ailing, wife of Winston H.H. Kung

Qingling  庆龄   Middle sister, Song Qingling, Madame Sun Yat-sen

Meiling   宋美   Youngest sister, Song Meiling, Madame Chiang Kai-shek

Baituan Dazhan    the Hundred Regiments Offensive late 1940

Peng Dehuai   彭德怀  Legendary PLA general who led the Hundred Regiments Offensive

Sanguang Zhengce   三光政策  Japan’s horrific Three All’s Policy

Diamian Gonglu  公路  The Burma Road

 

Direct download: CHP-151-The_Flying_Tigers_Part_1.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 3:39pm EDT

CHP-150-The History of the Hakka People

CHP-150-The Hakka’s

 

In this milestone 150th CHP episode Laszlo shines a light on the Hakka people and where they fit in Chinese history.  There are no shortages of authoritative sources that all disagree as to their origins ands when the Hakka’s migrated from where to where.  Legends and stereotypes surrounded this sub-group of Chinese.  But one thing is for sure they  have carved an indelible spot in worldwide Chinese culture.  More than 80 million Hakka’s call this solar system their home.  Fifty minutes hardly offers a comprehensive look at any culture, let alone 客家文化.   In this episode Laszlo offers a general overview.  As always there is plenty of reading you can do and videos you can watch that give you a more satisfying meal than this episode can.

 Terms from this Episode

Hakka people  客家人  Translates to “Guest People”

Gan    Abbreviation for Jiangxi Province

Gan River    Main river in Jiangxi

Ganzhou     City in Jiangxi

Sima Yan     Founded Jin Dynasty. Temple name Jin Wudi

Cao Wei   曹魏  Northern of the Three Kingdoms

Shu    The western of the Three Kingdoms

Wu    The eastern of the Three Kingdoms

Jin Dynasty  晋朝  Founded by Jin Wudi

The Han    The Han Dynasty

Jin Wudi   晋武帝  Jin Dynasty founder

Luoyang  洛阳  Ancient capital city in China history

Emperor Min  晋愍帝  Last Western Jin emperor

Huizong  徽宗  Last emperor of the Northern Song

Wuhu   五胡  The Five Barbarian Tribes

Xiōngnú   匈奴  One of the Five Barbarian Tribes

Jié  One of the Five Barbarian Tribes

Xianbei    One of the Five Barbarian Tribes

     One of the Five Barbarian Tribes

Qiāng   One of the Five Barbarian Tribes

Zhao     Surname of the Song Dynasty emperors

Jiankang  建康  Ancient name of Nanjing

Nanjing   南京  City in Jiangsu, means Southern capital

Liu Yu   刘裕  Founder of the Liu Song (also known as 刘宋武帝)

Liu Song   刘宋  First of the Southern Kingdoms

Nanbei Chao   南北朝  The Southern and Northern Kingdoms period

Shibi Village   石壁村  Place in Fujian where the Hakka’s first settled

Yan’an   延安  City in Shaanxi, where the Long March concluded

Zudi  祖地  Ancestral land

Ninghua County  宁化  County in Fujian

Tingzhou   汀洲  Another place not far from Shibi where the Hakka’s first assembled

Changting     Present day name for Tingzhou

Luo Xianglin   祥林  Hakka historian

Kejia Yanjiu Daoliu  客家研究  Luo Xianglin’s 1933 book “An Introduction to the Study of the Hakka’s,”

Huang Chao Uprising  黄巢之乱  Uprising in the late Tang from 881 to 884

Zhao Kuangyin   匡胤  Founder of the Song Dynasty

Kaifeng   开封  Capital of the Northern Song

Lin’an     Capital of Southern Song (present day Hangzhou)

Zheng Chenggong   成功  Taiwan hero, better known as Koxinga

Kangxi emperor   康熙  Long reigning early Qing Dynasty emperor

Qian Hai Ling   遷海令The Great Clearance, or coastal evacuation

Bendi  本地  Also known as the Punt in Cantonese, means Native

Chaozhou  潮州City in Guangdong, above Shantou.  The people are known as Teochew

Shantou    Coastal city in Guangdong adjacent to Chaozhou

Chaoshan   潮汕  Abbreviation for Chaozhou-Shantou

Jieyang  揭阳  Predominantly Hakka city just west of Chaozhou and Shantou.

Yue    Abbreviation for Guangdong

Kejia ren  客家人  A Hakka Person

Meizhou   梅州  City in northeast Guangdong

Biaozhun    a standard

Meixian   Mei County

Yanju Ji   盐焗鸡  Salt Baked Chicken

Niang Doufu   豆腐  The most famous Hakka dish

Tu Kè Xièdòu   土客械斗   The Punti-Hakka Clan Wars from1855 and 1867

Taishan   台山  City known as Toi San.

Qingchao Monian   清朝末年  The final years of the Qing dynasty

Min    Fujian people, also an abbreviation of Fujian

Hong Xiuquan   洪秀全  Responsible for the Taiping Rebellion

Xiang    Abbreviation of Hunan

Han Su-yin  素音  Born in Xinyang, Henan, home of Xinyang Maojian tea. Han Su Yin was the pen name of author Elizabeth Comber

Hsieh T’ing-yu  Historian who wrote The Origin and Migrations of the Hakkas (1929)

Nàxī  西  Ethnic minority group around Lijiang in Yunnan

Tulou   土楼  The circular and square Hakka compounds

Hui     The character “to return”.

Yongding County   永定 County in southern Fujian near Guangdong border

Weilong Wu   围龙  Distinctive single level concentric U-shaped structures

Kejia shange   客家山歌  Hakka mountain folk songs

Leicha   擂茶  Hakka pounded tea

 

Famous Hakka

Deng Xiaoping   小平

Yang Shangkun  尚昆

Lee Kwan Yew   李光耀

Zhu De   朱德

Ye Jianying  

Su Yu  粟裕

Chen Yi  

Hua Guofeng  

Hu Yaobang   胡耀邦

Guo Moruo  郭沫若

Liu Bocheng   刘伯承(maybe)

Nie Rongzhen   荣臻  (maybe)

Zhang Guotao  

Ouyang Xiu   欧阳修

Aw Boon Haw   胡文虎

Aw Boon Par  胡文豹

Chow Yun-fat   润发

Lee Denghui   李登

Charlie Soong   宋嘉

Song Ailing  

Song Qingling庆龄

Song Meiling   宋美

T.V. Soong   宋子文

 

Henan Xinyang Maojian tea  河南信阳毛尖茶

Láoshan  

谢谢温老

 

 

Jemimah Steinfeld:  Little Emperors and Material Girls: Youth and Sex in Modern China

Mary Erbaugh."The Secret History of the Hakkas: The Chinese revolution as a Hakka Enterprise"

University of Pittsburgh Professor and Director of their Asian Studies Center Nicole Constable: Guest People: Hakka Identity in China and Abroad

Direct download: CHP-150-The_History_of_the_Hakka_People.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 12:40pm EDT

In this final episode of the CHP's ten-part History of Tea series Laszlo travels from province to province introducing the more famous of China's teas.  

The History of Tea Part 10 Terms

 

Pu’er普洱  City in Yunnan famous for Pu’er Tea

Qingming Festival  清明 Grave Sweeping Festival, usually around April 5-6

Shu Pu’er  熟普洱Ripe Pu’er Tea

Wodui  渥堆  The process to speed up the ripening of Pu’er tea

Longjing tea  井茶  The famous green tea from the West Lake area in Hangzhou

Qianlong  乾隆帝  Qing dynasty emperor. No need to get into an detail.

Hugong Temple 胡公Temple in Longjing Village

Shanzhai 山寨  Slang for cheap imitation consumer goods

Maojian   毛尖  “Downy tip” or “Fur tip” tea leaves consisting of a bud and single leaf.

Maofeng   毛峰  The classic bud set consisting of a bud and the two top leaves.

Zhucha  珠茶  “Pearl” Tea or Gunpowder Tea.

Pingshui 平水  Pingshui, just south of Shaoxing 紹興

Huangshan Maofeng  黄山毛峰  The most famous “maofeng” tea from the Huangshan area in Anhui

Huangshan  黄山  One of China’s sacred mountains, located in Anhui

Lu’an  六安  City in Anhui

Lu’an Guapian  六安瓜片  The specialty of Lu’an, Melon Seed Tea

Shanghai Tianshan Chacheng  上海天山茶 A tea shopping center located in Shanghai

Chacheng  茶城  A tea city, the name given to these “tea malls”

Yan cha  岩茶  Rock Tea from the cliffs of Wuyi Shan

Xinyang Maojian  信阳毛尖  The specialty of Henan province, the most northerly grown tea in China.

Jiān   Tip

Tsim Sha Tsui  尖沙咀  The district at the southern tip of Kowloon in Hong Kong

Xishuangbanna  西双版 City in southern Yunnan, ground zero for wild tea trees

Ankang  安康  Prefectural-level city located at the southeast corner of Shaanxi province. Known as the city of folk songs.

Ziyang Maojian  紫阳毛尖茶  Selenium rich tea from Ziyang County in Shaanxi  

    Selenium 

Taiping Houkui  太平猴魁  Tea grown near Huangshan in Anhui

Houkui  猴魁Monkey King

Bai Mudan  白牡丹White Peony tea

Baihao Yinzhen  白毫银针  Silver Needle tea. 

Tieguanyin   铁观Iron Goddess or Iron Buddha Tea named for Guanyin

Anxi  安溪  City in southern Fujian famous for their Tieguanyin Tea

Dancong  单枞The most famous tea coming from Guangdong province

Chaozhou  潮州  City bordering Shantou on the southeast coast of Guangdong

Shantou   City bordering Chaozhou on the southeast coast of Guangdong

Shaxian   County in west central Fujian province famous for, among other things, their snack foods.

Sanming  三明市  city located next to Sha County

Jinjunmei   A kind of black tea from Tongmu Village in Wuyi Shan Fujian

Tongmu Village 桐木村  Village near Wuyi Shanknown as the birthplace of black tea

Rougui  肉桂茶  Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area

Da Hong Pao  袍茶  “Big Red Robe” tea. One of the greatest and renowned Rock Teas

Tieluohan  铁罗汉茶  Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area

Shuixian  水仙茶  Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area

Shui Jin Gui  水金龟茶 Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area

Bai Ji Guan 冠茶 Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area

Li Chunsheng 李春生 A Fujianese called Co-father of the Taiwan Tea industry. Left a great legacy in early Taiwan history.

Duyun Maojian  都匀毛尖  Tea from Duyun, Guizhou, about two hours by car west of the capital Guiyang.

Yugou Cha  勾茶  Fish Hook Tea, former name of Duyun Maojian Tea

Guiding Yunwu 贵顶云雾茶  A famous tea of Guizhou Province

Meijiang Cuipian  眉江翠片茶  Another great Guizhou green tea

Liubao六堡  in the eastern part of Guangxi near the border with Guangdong. Famous for their black tea. Particularly popular in Malaysia and among most all Pu’er lovers.

Guiping Xishan tea  桂平西山茶Another great and much loved Guangxi Tea

Gan Lu Tea甘露茶  Sweet Dew Tea, the famous tea of Mengding Shan.

Wu Lizhen  吴理真 Buddhist Monk credited with the cultivation of tea on Mengding Shan.

Mengding Shan  Mountain in Sichuan where tea cultivation began in China

Biancha   Border Tea, tea destined for the markets bordering China. They weren’t choosy.

Renmin Gongyuan  人民公园  Nice park in central Chengdu where you can kick back, drink tea and groove on a little Chengdu traditional culture.

Cháng zuǐ    A long spouted tea pot

Chama Gudao  古道 the Ancient Tea Horse Road

   The old borrowed character for tea

Chá    The character for tea, beginning around Lu Yu’s time in the Tang

Mengding shan Xueya  山雪芽One of the big teas of the Mengding Shan area 

Zhuyeqing  竹叶青茶 A great green tea from the E’Mei Shan area in Sichuan

Qingcheng shan Snow Bud  青城山雪芽茶Another great Sichuan Tea from the Dujiangyan area

E’mei Shan Maofeng  峨眉山毛峰  Yet another great green from Sichuan’s E’Mei Shan region.

E’Mei Shan Bai Ya  峨眉山白牙Same with this one. Another famous Sichuan tea.

Biluochun  碧螺春  “Green Snail Spring” tea from Jiangsu province.

Kangxi  康熙  Grandfather of Qianlong.  Both of these emperors were great partons of imperial tea culture.

Ming Mei tea茗眉茶a.k.a Lady’s Slender Eyebrows Tea, grown in Wuyuan County just east of Jingdezhen and just south of

Wuyuan County  婺源County in Jiangxi famous for, among other things, tea.

Lushan Yunwu  山云  Jiangxi’s famous Lushan Cloud and Mist tea

Jiujiang City  九江City on the western side of Lake Poyang in northwest Jiangxi

Zhu De  朱德  Mao’s oldest comrade and PLA Founder.  A living legend in his time and beloved by the people.

Zhu De's poem about Lushan Yunwu Tea, with Pinyin:

Lúshān yúnwù chá, wèi nóng xìng pōlà, ruò dé chángshí yǐn, yánnián yìshòu fǎ. 

The flavor of Lushan Yunwu tea is strong and intense.  If you drink it for long it is a way to attain longevity.

庐山云雾茶,味浓性泼辣,若得长时饮,延年益寿法

 

Yichang 宜昌  Historic city in southern Hubei

Jingmen  荆门Another ancient Hubei city located north of Yichang

Yuan’an County  远安县County in Hubei. Yichang is the administrative seat. Famous for their Yuan’an Lu Yuan Tea.

Yuan’an Lu Yuan远安鹿苑茶 The local specialty of Hubei Yuan’an County. A famous yellow tea

En’shi Yu Lu  恩施玉露茶  A Hubei green tea from the city of Enshi near the Wufeng Mountains

Junshan Yinzhen  君山银针茶  “Gentleman Mountain Silver Needle Tea”, a yellow tea only found on Junshan Island in Hunan.

Dongting Hu  洞庭湖  Lake Dongting, located in northern Hunan.

Hu   Lake

Nan   South

Bei   North

Ba Shu  巴蜀  The ancient state in Sichuan who brought us tea cultivateon

Tang Taizong  唐太宗   The second emperor of the Tang Dynasty.  Already enough said about him.

 

THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. 

 

This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed BOOK. 

 

“Tea in China: A Religious and Cultural History”by James A. Benn

Link to the book

 

 

Direct download: CHP-149-The_History_of_Tea_Part_10R2.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 9:37pm EDT

CHP-148-The History of Tea Part 9

In this penultimate episode of the China History Podcast History of Tea series Laszlo finishes off the story of Robert Fortune and introduces Sir Robert J. Lipton. This CHP long history of Chinese tea started off slow and in this Part 9 fizzles out altogether.  Laszlo also introduces a little overview of Pu-erh Tea as an extra bonus.

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

 

Wuyi Mountains  武夷山 The fabled Wuyi Mountains of northern Fujian

Shen Nong    Second of the Three Soveriegns, discoverer of tea and author of the Bencaojing (see below)

Tu    This is what tea used to be called before it became cha

zhenzhu naicha  珍珠奶茶  Boba Milk Tea

Bencaojing  本草 the Classic of Herbal Medicine (attributed to Shen Nong)

Wang Bao王褒  Western Han individual involved in a contract for a servant

Emperor Xuan宣帝 Han Emperor Xuan 

Wu Lizhen吴理真 Buddhist Monk credited with the cultivation of tea on Mengding Shan

Mengding shan    Mountain in Sichuan where tea cultivation began in China

The Shuowen Jiezi  文解字  Han Dynasty dictionary

Ming    Another name for Tea

Er Ya    The first dictionary in China

Guang Ya  广雅  An updated version of the Er Ya

Ba Shu  巴蜀  巴蜀  Ancient state from the Shu Kingdom

Chengdu cai  成都菜  Chengdu style cuisine

Shu Feng Yuan    The Chengdu joint in Rowland Heights preferred by Laszlo

gongcha  tribute tea

Sui  隋朝 The Sui Dynasty

Tang  唐朝  The Tang Dyansty

Lu Yu    Patron Saint of Tea, prominently featured in History of Tea Part 3

Biancha    Border tea….tea that was specially processed and packaged for the border peoples of China

chama gudao  古道 the ancient Tea-Horse Road

Chan Buddhism    Zen Buddhism

Lu Tong  The great poet and bon vivant

Qi Wan Shi  七碗  Lu Tong’s poem Seven Bowls of Tea

Jian ware  建窑  Jian ware

xing ware  邢窑  Xing ware from Hebei

qīngbái  清白 Unique white porcelain of the Song

chaju  茶具  Tea ware

Song  宋朝  The Song Dynasty

Diancha  点茶  To whisk powdered tea

Doucha  斗茶  A tea contest

Charen  茶人  A “tea person”, someone in love with or expert in tea

Cai Xiang  蔡襄  Great calligrapher and tea expert from the Northern Song

Cha Lu  the Record of Tea

Su Shi   苏轼 Famous official, man of letters and all around Hometown Hero of Hangzhou

Su Dongpo  苏东 Su Shi’s other name

Dongpo Rou  坡肉  The dish attributed to Su Dongpo. A tasty Hangzhou specialty

K.S. Lo  桂祥  Dr. K.S. Lo (1910-1995) Vitasoy Founder and passionate Yixing pottery and ceramics collector.

Ming  明朝  Ming Dynasty

Zhu Yuanzhang  朱元璋 the Hongwu Emperor 洪武帝

Zhu Quan  Son of Hongwu Emperor, writer of the Cha Pu (different from the Cai Xiang Cha Pu)

Jingdezhen  景德  Famous historic city in Jiangxi famous for everything produced from their kilns

Yixing     City along Tai Hu in Jiangsu famous for their teapots

Pu Erh  普洱茶  Pu-er tea (written Pu-Er and with an h on the end.)

Oolong  乌龙  Oolong tea

cha dashi  茶大  A Tea master

dìjíshìi    A Prefectural level city….has more authority than other cities their size.

Xishuangbanna  西双版  City in southern Yunnan

Simao  思茅   Temporary name for Pu’er. Now a district of Pu’er City

zisha 紫砂  Purple clay, main ingredient of Yixing teapots

Qingming Holiday  清明 also known as Grave-Sweeping Festival, Usually falls on April 4 or 5

Shanzhai  山寨  a metaphor for a low-end copy-cat products and factories that produces fakes

qi zi bing cha  七子 Seven Sons Tea Cake

cha dao  茶刀  A tea knife

Yìwǔ  易武  City in Yunnan

Yìwū  义乌  City in central Zhejiang, renowned as the center of China’s merchandise wholesale trade

Wuliang  无量山 Mountain area in Yunnan for famous for their Pu-er Tea

Ailao  哀牢山  Mountain area in Yunnan for famous for their Pu-er Tea

Daxue Mountains  大雪山  Mountain area in Yunnan for famous for their Pu-er Tea

Tedian  特点 special point…outstanding characteristic

Sheng Pu’er  生普洱  Raw Pu-er tea that has not ripened yet

Shou Pu’er  熟普洱 Ripe Pu-er tea that has aged naturally over time or spec up through the Wo Dui process.

Wodui  渥堆  A process of speeding up the ripening of raw maocha.

cha nong茶农 A tea farmer

sha qing  杀青  To “kill green”. Heat the tea leaves to deactivate the enzymes

rounian  揉捻  The “rolling” of the tea leaves.

Maocha  毛茶  Pu-er tea in its raw state.  Can be packed at once for sheng pu-er or wòduīprocessed to speed up the ripening.

Kunming Cha Chang  昆明茶厂 the Kunming Tea Factory

Bingcha  饼茶 A tea cake

Tuocha沱茶  Bird nest shaped cakes of Pu-er tea in all kinds of sizes.

hē xibeifēng  喝西北风  To east dust.  To “drink the northwest wind”

gushu  古树 ancient tree 

baojianpin  保健品  Health products

 

Babelcap:  A Chinese Tea Lexicon  http://babelcarp.org/babelcarp/

 

Sarah Rose’s book: For all the Tea in China

 

THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. 

 

This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print. 

 

Robert Fortune’s Two books:

Three Years' Wanderings in the Northern Provinces of China

A Journey to the Tea Countries of China

 

 

Direct download: CHP-148-The_History_of_Tea_Part_9R.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 7:05pm EDT

CHP-147-The History of Tea Part 8

In this 8th installment of the CHP History of Tea series Laszlo introduces the story of Mr. Robert Fortune.  With Britain’s East India Company bankrolling him, Fortune played a most key role in breaking China’s millennia old monopoly of tea manufacturing and export.  

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Shen Nong神农 One of the all time greats in legendary Chinese history. Discovered tea’s pleasures and passed it on to Chinese civilization

Yuantou    The fountainhead or source

Chaju  茶具  Teaware

Guangcai  广彩  A type of colorful porcelain that was a specialty in Guangzhou

Wuyi Shan  武夷山Wu Yi Mountains in northern Fujian

Lin Zexu    19th century Chinese hero who stood up to the West and burned all the opium in Humen in 1839

Huangshan黄山 Yellow Mountain in southern Anhui, one of the most sacred mountains in China

Bohea  武夷茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers

Congou  工夫One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers

Souchong小种  Lapsong Souchong Tea (正山小种茶)

Pekoe白毫 One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers. (See Bai Hao above)

Hyson  熙春茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers, also known as Lucky Dragon Tea

Gunpowder Tea珠茶  A pellet shaped green tea

Longjing cha  井茶  Dragon Well Tea from Longjing Village outside Hangzhou

Qionglai, Sichuan  四川邛 Tea growing city southwest of Chengdu

Gaiwan  盖碗  A covered tea bowl.

Ren duo hao ban shi  人多好 Chairman Mao was credited with saying this…that having a lot of people to do something made the task easier.

 

Sarah Rose’s book: For all the Tea in China

 THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. 

 This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print. 

Robert Fortunes Two Books:

Three Years' Wanderings in the Northern Provinces of China

A Journey to the Tea Countries of China

 

 

 

Direct download: CHP-147-The_History_of_Tea_Part_8R.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 5:50am EDT

CHP-146-The History of Tea Part 7

In Part 7 of the CHP History of Tea series we look at what happened after Europeans first came to China and instantly fell in love with tea. The period covered in this episode is the late Ming and the Qing.  

 

CHP-145 TEA PART 7 TERMS

Bohea  武夷茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers

Hyson  熙春茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers, also known as Lucky Dragon Tea

Tuihuo  退  To reject and return cargo.

Chanong    Tea farmer

Get atta hee   Chicagonese for Get out of here.

Qianlong  乾隆帝  Even longer reigning Qing dynasty emperor who acted even more as a model patron of tea culture

Papaver somniferum   The Opium Poppy

Camellia sinensis    The Tea plant

Kangxi  康熙帝  Long reigning Qing dynasty emperor who acted as a model patron of tea culture

Shen Nong  神农 One of the all time greats in legendary Chinese history. Discovered tea’s pleasures and passed it on to Chinese civilization

Jingdezhen  景德  The porcelain capital of China and at one time, the whole world.

Lishan Xiaozhong 立山小种  Lapsong Souchong Tea

Zhengshan Xiaozhong  正山小种  Lapsong Souchong Tea

Wuyi Mountain  武夷山Wu Yi Mountains in northern Fujian

Qimen cha    Keemun Tea from Anhui, a world class China black tea.

Huangshan 黄山 Yellow Mountain in southern Anhui, one of the most sacred mountains in China

Keemun Hao Ya 门毫芽

Keemun Maofeng  门毛峰

Keemun Congou  功夫

Guangxu  绪 Second to the last Qing emperor. 

Tu  What tea used to be called before cha.

Kucai   苦菜  A type of bitter vegetable.

 

THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. 

 

This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print. 

 

Link to Pathlight Magazine: http://paper-republic.org/pubs/pathlight/

 

 

 

Direct download: CHP-146-The_History_of_Tea_Part_7R.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 11:34am EDT

CHP-145-The History of Tea Part 6

The China History Podcast's ten part History of Tea continues with this sixth episode.  The time is now the late Ming and Qing dynasty.  Now Western people are getting a nice close look at tea and imagining the possibilities.  

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE:

Shen Nong神农 One of the all time greats in legendary Chinese history. Discovered tea’s pleasures and passed it on to Chinese civilization

Ba Shu  巴蜀  The Ancient state located in Sichuan and based near Chengdu

Jiajing Emperor嘉靖帝 Ming dynasty emperor during whose watch, the foreigners began showing up.

Wuyi Shan  武夷山Wu Yi Mountains in northern Fujian

Bai Hao  白毫“White hair”, a name given some teas due to the young delivate nature of the buds

Hongwu  洪武The Ming founder Zhu Yuanzhang, Ming Taizu, The Hongwu Emperor

Song Luo Shan  Mountain located just south of Huang Shan, famous for its great teas and tea history

Huangshan黄山 Yellow Mountain in southern Anhui, one of the most sacred mountains in China

Jingdezhen  景德  The porcelain capital of China and at one time, the whole world.

Xiuning County   休宁  Song Luo Mountain was located here, in Anhui province

Bohea  武夷茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers

Congou  工夫One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers

Pekoe白毫 One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers. (See Bai Hao above). The Dutch would brand tghis tea "Orange Pekoe".

Hyson  熙春茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers, also known as Lucky Dragon Tea

Chanong    Tea farmer

Qimen cha    Keemun Tea from Anhui, a world class China black tea.

Zhangjiakou  家口The ancient town of Kalgan in Hebei.

Huizong  宋徽宗  The last emperor of the Northern Song.  He knew a lot about tea.

Kangxi  康熙帝Long reigning Qing dynasty emperor who acted as a model patron of tea culture

Qianlong  乾隆帝  Even longer reigning Qing dynasty emperor who acted even more as a model patron of tea culture

Chonghua Palace  华宫

Longjing cha  井茶  Dragon Well Tea from Longjing Village outside Hangzhou

Hugong Temple  胡公  Temple located in Longjing Village

Mt. Shifeng  峰山Mountain located near Longjing Village

Gaiwan  盖碗  A covered tea bowl.

Li Chunsheng  One of the two father’s of Taiwan’s tea export industry.

Lugu, Nantou County鹿谷, 南投縣  The heartland of Taiwan’s Oolong tea growing area

 

THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. 

 

This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print. 

 

 

Direct download: CHP-145-The_History_of_Tea_Part_6R.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 11:07pm EDT

CHP-144-The History of Tea Part 5

The History of Tea continues with Part 5.  In this episode Laszlo looks at tea in the Ming dynasty.  This is when loose leaf tea, Jingdezhen and Yixing tea pots hit the big time.

CHP-144-Terms

 

Mocha  抹茶 Ground tea in powder form (also written 末茶)

Cai Xiang  蔡襄  Great calligrapher and tea expert from the Northern Song

Huizong  徽宗  Last emperor of the Northern Song

Myoan Eisai  明菴荣西  Japanese Monk

Zhao Kuangyin  匡胤  Founder of the Northern Song

Jin  金朝  The Jurchen Jin Dynasty

Yuan dynasty  元朝  The Mongol Yuan Dynasty

Doucha  斗茶  To have a tea battle

Chaoqing  炒青  The pan frying method of stopping enzymatic oxidation

Zheng He    Famous eunuch admiral who made seven voyages

Zhu Yuanzhang 朱元璋  Ming Dynasty founder

Liu Bang  刘邦  Han Dynasty founder

Ming Taizu  明太祖 Temple name of Zhu Yuanzhang

Hongwu  洪武  Era name of Zhu Yuanzhang

Zisha  紫砂  Purple clay

Jingdezhen  景德  Jingde Town in Jiangxi Province, named after Zhenzong’s Jingde Era

Zhongguo  中国  China

Qin Shihuang  秦始皇  The First Qin Emperor

Qin Dynasty 秦朝  The Qin Dynasty

Xinping    新平 Ancient name of Jingdezhenm

Changnan  昌南  Former name of Jingdezhen

Zhen    A town or township

Shi   A city or municipality

Cun    A village

Nanchang  南昌  Capital of Jiangxi Province

Lake Poyang鄱阳湖 Lake Poyang

Zhenzong  真宗 The Zhenzong Emperor

Zhushan   珠山 Pearl Hill near Jingdezhen

Liu Yiqian 刘益谦Shanghai billionaire pharmaceutical magnate and antiques collector

Chenghua Emperor成化帝Ming emperor who reigned 1464-1487

Gaiwan  盖碗 A lidded tea bowl

Huacha  花茶 scented flower tea

Huizong 惠宗  Final Yuan Dynasty emperor

Da Ming Yongle Zhi   大明永乐制  Made in the Ming Yongle Era

Cha Lu茶录 Tea treatise written by Cai Xiang

Zhu Quan 朱权 Son of the Hongwu emperor, younger brother to Zhu Di.

Cha Puof 1440  茶谱 The Tea Treatise by Zhu Quan

Gu Yuanqing顾元庆 Wrote the other main tea treatise of the Ming dynasty

Cha Puof 1541  茶谱 The Tea Treatise by Gu Yuanqing

Zhu Di 朱棣 Son of the Hongwu emperor, later reigning as the Yongle Emperor.

Xing ware  邢窑  Xing ware from Hebei

Yue ware  越器  Yue ware from Yuezhou near Shaoxing

He cha喝茶  To drink tea

pin cha品茶  To sip tea

Zhu cha  煮茶  To boil tea

Pao cha 泡茶brew tea by steeping

Shanxi 山西  Province in China, capital at Taiyuan

Shaanxi  陕西  Province in China, capital at Xian

Jin  A “Chinese pound”, about 500 grams or 1.1 lbs.

xi cha  洗茶  To wash or clean tea leaves

Yixing    City in Jiangsu formerly known as Yangxian

Lu Tong卢仝  writer of the poem “Seven Cups of Tea.”

Dehua   德化   City in central Fujian

Yang hu养壶to raise the teapot

gongfu tea  功夫茶 / 工夫茶  Gongfu Tea

pinmingbei  品茗杯   A small teacup for sipping tea

chahe  茶荷   a scoop used to transfer tea to a pot

chapan    A Tea tray

Princess Wénchéng文成公主  brought nutritional benefits of tea to the Himalaya’s 

Wanli emperor  万里帝  The long reigning Wanli Emperor 1563-1620

  

THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. 

 

This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print. 

 

 

Direct download: CHP-144-The_History_of_Tea_Part_5R.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 2:07pm EDT

CHP-143-The History of Tea Part 4

This time in History of Tea Part 4 we continue along the timeline and look at tea in the Song Dynasty.  Tea may have been brought to great heights during the Tang but during the Song.

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Lu Yu    Lu Yu, writer of the Classic of Tea

Kukai  空海 Japanese Monk, among other things introduced tea to Japan

Saicho  最澄  Japanese monk also helped introduce tea to Japan

Emperor Saga  嵯峨天皇  Emperor of Japan 806-809

Chama Gudao  古道  The Ancient Tea Horse Route

Zhao Kuangyin  匡胤  Founder of the Northern Song

Kaifeng  开封Capital city during the Northern Song

Mocha  抹茶  Ground tea in powder form (also 末茶)

Diancha  点茶  To whisk tea

Cai Xiang  蔡襄  Great calligrapher and tea expert from the Northern Song

Hūizōng  徽宗  Last emperor of the Northern Song

Limao  礼貌  etiquette, politeness

Wang Xizhi  王羲之  303-361, Jin Dynasty calligrapher, considered China’s greatest calligrapher

Cai Jing  蔡京  Hūizōng’s right hand man for many years  Also a great literary talent

Lantingji Xu  亭集序 Wang Xizhi’s great work. Preface to the poems composed at the Orchid Pavilian

Su Shi  苏轼  Also known as Su Dongpo, famous official, man of letters and Hangzhou hero

Huang Tingjian  黄庭坚  Great literary figure from the Song

Mi Fu  米芾  Great literary figure from the Song

Su, Huang, Mi, Cai  黄米蔡  The four great Song calligraphers

Quanzhou  泉州  Historic port city in Fujian

Fuzhou  福州  City in Fujian

Renzong  仁宗  Song Emperor 1022-1063

Ouyang Xiu  欧阳修 Song Statesman and all around literary powerhouse

Cha Jing    The Classic of Tea by Lu Yu

Cha Lu    Tea treatise by Cai Xiang

Doucha  斗茶  To have a tea battle

Mingzhan   Tea Wars or tea battle

Jian ware  建窑  Jian ware

Tuhao zhan 兔豪  Rabbit fur

Daimao zhan  Tortoise shell design

Zhegu ban   Partridge feathers design

You di  油滴  Oil drops design in Jian ware

Yue qi  越器  Yue ware from Yuezhou near Shaoxing

Xing ware  邢窑  Xing ware from Hebei

Qingbai  清白 White porcelain of the Song

Wulong  乌龙  Oolong tea

Zhenzong  真宗 Song Emperor 997-1022

Shenzong  神宗  Song emperor 1067-1085

Ya’an  雅安  City west of Chengdu with a rich tea history

Han Wudi  武帝  Grest Han Dynasty conquering emperor

Tang Taizong  唐太宗  Tang emperor Taizong (Li Shimin)

Wang Anshi  王安石  The great Song era reformer

Kaimen qījiàn shi  七件事  The Seven Necessities of Living

Chan Buddhism  禅宗  Better known as Zen Buddhism

Master Xiangmo  降魔藏  Chan Master Xiamngmo of Lingyan Temple on Mount Tai

Lingyan Monastery  灵岩寺Chan Buddhist Monastery on Mount Tai

Taishan  泰山 Mount Tai near Jinan

Daguan Chalun    Song Hūizōng’s Treatise on Tea

Silver Needle 银针 Silver Needle White Tea

Long Life Eyebrow  寿眉茶Long Life Eyebrow White Tea

Tribute Eyebrow  眉茶Tribute Eyebrow White Tea

White Peony  白牡丹  White Peony Tea

Zhenghe County  政和  County in northern Fujian

Fuding   福鼎  City in northern Fujian near the Zhejiang border

Guihuacha  桂花茶 Osmanthus Tea

Myoan Eisai  明菴栄西  Japanese Monk

Beiyuan 

Longfeng Tuancha 龙凤团  Dragon Phoenix Tea Cake

Wuyi Shan  武夷山The Wuyi Mountains in Fujian

Tieguanyin 铁观 Iron Buddha Oolong tea

Yan cha  岩茶  Rock Tea of Wuyi Shan

Shaqing    To “kill the green”

Chanong  Tea Farmer

Da Hong Pao 袍茶  Big Red Robe Tea

Tie Luohan  铁罗汉  Tie Luohan tea

Bai Ji Guan  冠茶  Bei Jiguan Tea

Shui Xian  水仙茶 Shui Xian Tea

Ba Xian 八仙茶  Ba Xian Tea

Rou Gui 肉桂茶Rou Gui Tea

Zheng Yan Tea  Wuyi Rock tea from the mountain summit

Ban Yan Tea  Wuyi Rock tea from midway up the mountain

Zhou Tea  Wuyi Rock tea from the river banks

Nantou  City in Taiwan

Jiayi   City in Taiwan

Hualian  City in Taiwan

Zhu Yuanzhang   朱元璋 Founder of the Ming Dynasty, a.k.a. The Hongwu Emperor.

Direct download: CHP-143-The_History_of_Tea_Part_4.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 5:54pm EDT