The China History Podcast

Laszlo gives the subject of Daoism, the Daodejing and the Zhuangzi a fresh makeover, covered before in an old China History Podcast episode from days gone by. The history of Daoism is explored as well as its main characters, Laozi and Zhuangzi, and what they called for in those dark Eastern Zhou times. Daoism is both a philosophy and a religion, but this episode only explores the former. The Xuanxue thinkers Wang Bi, Guo Xiang and Xiang Xiu are also discussed, as well as the Neo-Daoism that evolved in the Han. As Daoism and Confucianism evolved in China, side by side, there was occasionally some interesting overlap. Confucians from here on out actively explored ways to reconcile their philosophy with the other major contending schools of thought, Daoism and Buddhism.

 
Direct download: CHP-189-The_History_of_Chinese_Philosophy_Part_6.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 1:03pm EST

Laszlo gives the subject of Daoism, the Daodejing and the Zhuangzi a fresh makeover, covered before in an old China History Podcast episode from days gone by. The history of Daoism is explored as well as its main characters, Laozi and Zhuangzi, and what they called for in those dark Eastern Zhou times. Daoism is both a philosophy and a religion, but this episode only explores the former. The Xuanxue thinkers Wang Bi, Guo Xiang and Xiang Xiu are also discussed, as well as the Neo-Daoism that evolved in the Han. As Daoism and Confucianism evolved in China, side by side, there was occasionally some interesting overlap. Confucians from here on out actively explored ways to reconcile their philosophy with the other major contending schools of thought, Daoism and Buddhism.

Direct download: CHP-188-The_History_of_Chinese_Philosophy_Part_5.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 10:38am EST

Laszlo is back on track, picking up where we left off in part two following the death of Master Kong in 479 BCE. A lot happened in the world of Chinese philosophy right after Confucius passed. He had both disciples who carried on his teachings, and naysayers who pointed to flaws in this Ru School of philosophy and offered an alternative kind of thought. As the countdown to the milestone year of 221 BCE gets nearer, a hundred schools of thought contended like never before, each offering their solutions to the tumultuous and bloody times of the latter half of the Eastern Zhou dynasty

Direct download: CHP-187-The_History_of_Chinese_Philosophy_Part_4.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 4:05pm EST

Although covered before in an old China History Podcast episode, Laszlo takes the Yi Jing (I Ching, sometimes called the ‘Book of Changes’) off the shelf for a total makeover and freshening up. In this brief detour along the history timeline, Laszlo picks the Yi Jing apart and offers up both a history of this timeless classic as well as a brief intro about how it works and the role it plays in the life of some people. The Yi Jing is a book with a lot of staying power and has been kept as a handy reference guide for hundreds of millions of people over the millennia. Listen to what it's all about and see for yourself if the Yi Jing can serve you:

Direct download: CHP-186-The_History_of_Chinese_Philosophy_Part_3.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 10:18am EST

In this second helping of Laszlo's overview of the history of Chinese philosophy, the Great Sage himself is the center of focus. Arguably China's most famous citizen of all time, Confucius (and his disciples) created an ideology and political system that had incredible lasting power. Part two examines the stories surrounding Confucius's life growing up and operating in the State of Lu during the last decades of the Spring and Autumn period of the Zhou Dynasty. In addition to the trials and tribulations faced by Master Kong in his day, the basic tenets of Confucianism are introduced.

Direct download: CHP-185-The_History_of_Chinese_Philosophy_Part_2.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 10:46am EST

After the longest break in the action since 2001, The CHP is back with this pleasant little 9-Part overview covering the history of Chinese philosophy. The series will run from pre-Confucian times clear through to Wang Yangming in the mid Ming Dynasty, a period stretching for more than two thousand years. And don't forget to download the free Infographic that will accompany the series. I predict it will do wonders in keeping all the names, dates, philosophies and texts straight. Thanks for your patience! I hope you enjoy the series.

Direct download: CHP-184-The_History_of_Chinese_Philosophy_Part_1.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 1:33pm EST

Laszlo finishes off the overview of the Rape of Nanking as well as the stories of John Rabe, Robert O. Wilson, Minnie Vautrin, Rev. William Magee and others who directed the Nanjing Safety Zone during the worst weeks of the atrocities.  The aftermath of the Nanjing Massacre is also examined.

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE:

The Nanjing Safety Zone   Nánjīng Ānqúan Qū 南京安全区

Jīnlíng Women's College 金陵女子大学 Now part of Nanjing Normal University

Jīnlíng 金陵  ancient name of Nanjing during the Zhou Dynasty

Zhū Dé 朱德 Red Army founder

Péng Déhuái 彭德怀 Great PLA general and later defense minister

Nana-san-ichi Butai  731部队 Unit 731, based in Harbin

General Shiro Ishii 石井四郎 Director of Unit 731

Joseph Mengele The German version of Shiro Ishii.

Nánjīng Dà Túshā 南京大屠杀 The Nanjing Massacre

Okamura Yasuji  岡村宁次 Japanese general who led the brutal Three All’s Policy to Kill all, Burn all, Loot all

Yasukuni Shrine 靖国神社 Shinto shrine that commemorates those who died for the Empire of Japan

Shì shí qiú shì   实事求是 seek truth from facts, originally from the ancient Book of Han, later made famous by Chairman Mao and then even more famous by Deng Xiaoping.

 

LINKS:

Iris Chang, "The Rape of Nanking - The Forgotten Holocaust if World War II"

"The Good German of Nanking - The Diaries of John Rabe"

Jay Taylor, "The Generalissimo: Chiang Kai-shek and the Struggle for Modern China"

Rana Mitter, "Forgotten Ally: China's World War II 1937-1945"

Honda Katsuichi, "The Nanjing Massacre: A Japanese Journalist Confronts Japan's National Shame"

Sinica Podcast April 7, 2015 with Lucy Hornby "Comfort Women and the struggle for reparations"

Isaac Meyer's excellent History of Japan Podcast

YouTube link to the Nanking movie mentioned in CHP-183 Nanjing Massacre Part 2

Direct download: CHP-183-The_Nanjing_Massacre_Part_2.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 11:51pm EST

By popular demand Laszlo finally introduces the Nanjing Massacre.  This is a very emotional, controversial and sensitive subject for a whole lot of reasons.  Over the next two episodes Laszlo will review material from past episodes to discuss the lead-up to the Massacre. Then in Part 2 the actual event itself as well as the story of the Nanjing Safety Zone and some of the foreigners who became eyewitnesses to the horrors of the Nanjing Massacre.  It's also referred to as the Nanking Massacre and the Rape of Nanking.

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE:

Rape of Nanking Nánjīng Dà Túshā 南京大屠杀 (Japanese 南京大虐杀) Also referred to as the Nanjing (Nanking) Massacre.

Zēng Guófán 曾国藩  1811-1872 Viceroy of Zhili, founder of the Xiang Army that helped put down the Taiping Rebellion.

Zhào Qīzhèng 赵启正  PRC official who has mostly been associated with news organizations.

Kublai Khan 忽必烈 Yuan Dynasty founder and grandson of Chinggiz Khan

Zhāng Chúnrú 张纯如 Iris Chang 1968-2004, American writer.

Honda Katsuichi 本多勝 Japanese journalist and writer who wrote extensively on the Rape of Nanking.

Revere the Emperor, Expel the Barbarian (Japanese 攘夷勅命 Sonnō Jōi)

Zūnwáng Rǎngyí 尊王攘夷 The Mandarin version of the above phrase.

Lǐ Hóngzhāng 李鸿章 1823-1901 Successor to Zeng Guofan, top late Qing era diplomat

Treaty of Shimonoseki 下关条约 Signed 1895 at conclusion of 1st Sino-Japanese war

Zhāng Zuòlín 张作霖 Warlord of Manchuria from 1922 - 1928.

Prime Minister Hamaguchi Osachi 濱口雄幸 Japanese Prime Minister 1929-1931

Jiǔyībā  九一八 The Mukden Incident of September 18, 1931

Manchukuo (Mǎnzhōuguó) 满洲国 Lasted from 1932 to 1945. Puppet state in Manchuria

Pǔ Yí 溥仪 The last Qing Emperor, also known as the Xuantong 宣统帝Emperor. Emperor of Manchukuo.

Prime Minister Inukai Tsuyoshi 犬養毅 Japanese prime Minster from 1931-1932.

Héběi 河北 Northern province of China, where Beijing and Tianjin are geographically located.

Shānxī 山西 Northern Province of China, capital at Taiyuan

Shāndōng 山东 Coastal northern province

Tiānjìn 天津 Northern city in China just east of Beijing

Lúshān 庐山 Mountain resort in Jiangxi popular with Nationalist and Communist leaders as a meeting place.

Jiāngxī 江西 Province in China, capital at Nanchang

Zhōu Dynasty 周朝  Ancient dynasty of China

Bái Chóngxǐ 白崇禧  NRA general, close ally to Li Zongren

Lǐ Zōngrén 李宗仁 Major military and political figure during the 1920's and 30's. Had a stormy relationship with Chiang Kai-shek.

Chóngqìng 重庆 City in Sichuan province, now a stand-alone municipality

Wǔhàn 武汉 City in Hubei on the Yangzi River

Lǎobǎixìng 老百姓 The people, in this case the Chinese people, (the old 100 surnames).

Jiāng-Zhè  江浙区 region Abbreviation for the Jiangsu-Zhejiang region

Yamaguchi Tsutomu 山口 彊 1916-2010 A survivor of both the Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombings August 6 and 9, 1945.

Nánchāng 南昌 Capital city of Jiangxi province

Táng Shēngzhì  唐生智   Nationalist general who was tasked with defending Nanjing

Sūn Quán  孙权 Three Kingdoms era leader of the State of Sun Wu.

Matsui Iwane 松井石根  Imperial Japanese Army Commander-in-chief for the Shanghai-Nanjing Region

Nakajima Kesago 中岛今朝吾  Lt. Gen. in the Imperial Japanese Army

Yanagawa Heisuke 柳川平助 General in the Imperial Japanese Army

Sūzhōu 苏州 City in Jiangsu province renowned for a thousand things

Emperor Hirohito (Emperor Showa 昭和天皇) Emperor of Japan 1926-1989

Prince Asaka Yasuhiko 朝香宮鳩彦王 1887-1981 General in the Imperial Japanese Army, uncle of Emperor Hirohito.

Ānhuī 安徽   Province in central China

LINKS:

Iris Chang, "The Rape of Nanking - The Forgotten Holocaust if World War II"

"The Good German of Nanking - The Diaries of John Rabe"

Jay Taylor, "The Generalissimo: Chiang Kai-shek and the Struggle for Modern China"

Rana Mitter, "Forgotten Ally: China's World War II 1937-1945"

Honda Katsuichi, "The Nanjing Massacre: A Japanese Journalist Confronts Japan's National Shame"

Sinica Podcast April 7, 2015 with Lucy Hornby "Comfort Women and the struggle for reparations"

Isaac Meyer's excellent History of Japan Podcast

YouTube link to the Nanking movie mentioned in CHP-183 Nanjing Massacre Part 2

Direct download: CHP-182-The_Nanjing_Massacre_Part_1.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 11:49pm EST

After more than 40 days wandering in the desert Laszlo is back with a topic that languished on the list for more than six years. At last the early years of Russia-China relations can see the light of day (here at Teacup Media, that is). As you can see, this is another one of those hour plus episodes that was not long enough for two episodes and a bit overly long for one. Basically this covers the beginnings back in the late Ming when they first met and mostly in the Qing where all the history happened. This isn't a particularly deep dive on the subject. I first give you a 走马看花 view of the history of Russia's expansion east and how they ended up on the doorstep of Manchuria. Hope you don't mind.

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE:

Míng Dynasty 明朝 Second to last dynasty in Chinese Imperial history 1368-1644

Lóngqìng 隆庆 Ming Dynasty Emperor (1567-1572)

Wànlì 万里 Son of Longqing Emperor, reigned a long time 1572-1620

Qing Dynasty 清朝 Last imperial dynasty in China 1644-1912

Xīnjiāng 新疆   Autonomous Region in the northwest of China, formerly referred to as Chinese Turkestan

Hēilóng Jiāng 黑龙江 The Black Dragon River (The Amur, and name of Heilongjiang Province)

Shùn Zhì 顺治   First emperor of the Qing Dynasty, 1643-1661

Pǔyí 溥仪   The Last Emperor, a.k.a. The Xuantong Emperor, reigned 1908-1912

Northern Sòng  北宋 The first half of the Song Dynasty, lasted from 960-1126

Kāngxī   康熙   Long reigning Qing Emperor, 1661-1722

Jiāyùguān   嘉峪关   The western terminus of the Great Wall of China

Songgotu (Suǒ'étú) 索额图 Manchu diplomat during the reign of Kangxi

Qiánlóng  乾隆  Another long reigning Qing emperor, 1735-1796

Treaty of Nanjing  南京条约 The marquee "Unequal Treaty" signed in 1842

Hóng Xiùquán 洪秀全 Rebel leader responsible for the Taiping Rebellion

Jīntián, Guangxi 广西金田   Place where the Taiping Rebellion was launched

Tàipíng Rebellion  太平天国运动   A bloody Rebellion and Civil War all in one, 1850-1864

Hēihé 黑河    City in northeast Manchuria (Heilongjiang) formerly known as Aigun

Aìhún   瑷珲 Now called Heihe, formerly called Aigun, site of the signing of the Treaty of Aigun.

Yìshān 奕山 Manchu diplomat who was forced into signing the Treaty of Aigun

Qíshàn 琦善   Manchu diplomat also forced to sign unequal treaties

Lín Zéxú 林则徐   Chinese hero who stood up to the foreign traders and torched their opium

Hǔmén  虎门   Located on "The Bogue" in Guangdong, site where Lin Zexu burned the opium

Guǎngdōng 广东  Southern province in China

Convention of Chuenbi   穿鼻草约  (Chuānbí Cǎoyuē) signed 1841, never ratified.

Ili  伊犁   (Yīlí) Town, valley and river name at the northwest border of Xinjiang - Kazakhstan

Zuǒ Zōngtáng   左宗棠  (1812-1885) Military leader and statesman from Hunan

Li-Lobanov Treaty 中俄密约   (known as the Zhōng É Mìyuē ), signed 1896

Lǐ Hóngzhāng 里鸿章   Co-signer of the Li-Lobanov Treaty), Chinese diplomat and statesman

Liaotung Peninsula  辽东半岛 (Liáodōng Bàndǎo) The tip of peninsular Liaoning Province

Lǚ Dà Zūdì Tiáoyuē 旅大租地条约   Convention for the Lease of the Liaotung Peninsula at Dalian (大连)

Port Arthur Also known as Lüshunkou (旅顺口), Port located at the tip of the Liaodong Peninsula

Qīngdǎo 青岛   Scenic city in Shandong, once a German concession

Wēihǎiwèi  威海卫   Another scenic city in Shandong, once a British concession, today known simply as Weihai 威海

If you'd like to brush up on your Russian History, may I recommend an old stalwart of mine:

MARK SCHAUSS, PRESENTER OF THE RUSSIAN RULERS PODCAST

I call it "The CHP of Russian History"

 

Direct download: CHP-181-The_Early_Years_of_Sino-Russian_Relations.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 8:14pm EST

Many people don't know that the first preaching of Christianity in China pre-dated the Jesuits by more than nine centuries.  We'll take a second cursory look at the Jesuits as part of a bigger story that includes Christianity in China during the Tang and Yuan dynasties.  We'll see that prior to the arrival of Matteo Ricci, there were two other lesser known attempts to grow Christianity in China.

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE:

Āluóběn   阿罗本 Nestorian monk who visited Chang'an in 635 CE

Dàqín Jǐngjiào liúxíng Zhōngguó bēi 大秦景教流行中国碑 "A Monument Commemorating the Propagation of the Dàqín Luminous Religion of China" or "The Story of the Coming of the Religion of Light from the West to China."

Jǐngjiào   景教 Nestorian Christianity

Tiānzhǔjiào   天主教 Roman Catholicism "the religion of the Lord of Heaven"

Dōngzhèngjiào   东正教 Eastern Orthodox “the religion of Eastern Truth”

Jīdūjiào 基督教 Protestantism

Jīdū 基督 Christ

jiào 教 religion or teaching

Xīn Jiào 新教   the New religion

Lǐ Shìmín 李世民 2nd son of Li Yuan, the Tang founder

Táng Tàizōng   唐太宗 Taizong Emperor, formerly known as Li Shimin

Fáng Xuánlíng   房玄龄   Chancellor under Taizong

Zhōu Gōng 周公 Duke of Zhou

Dù Rúhuì   杜如晦 Chancellor under Taizong, colleague of Fang Xuanling

Cháng'ān   长安 Capital of Tang Dynasty China (present day Xian)

Jǐngjìng   景淨 Christian monk who wrote the story of Alopen on the Nestorian Stele

Dàqín 大秦 Rome

Xīān 西安 Capital of Shaanxi province, location of ancient of Chang'an

Jǐngjiào bēi   景教碑 The Nestorian Stele (or Tablet)

bēi 碑 a stele or stone tablet or monument.

Fùpíng County Shaanxi   陕西富平县 Northeast of Xian, the place where the stone came from that the Nestorian Stele was made from. Also the ancestral home of President Xi Jinping.

Bēilín Bówùguǎn   碑林博物馆 The Forest of Monuments Museum in Xian

Xīān Wénchāng Gate   西安文昌门 One of the ancient gates of Xian

Táng Wǔzōng   唐武宗 Tang Emperor from 840-846

Huáng Cháo Uprising   黄巢起义 Uprising lasting 881-884, weakened the Tang Dynasty.

Khanbaliq 汗八里 Capital of Yuan Dynasty China. Present day Beijing

Dàdū   大都 Great Capital...other name for Khanbaliq

Hàn Wǔdì   汉武帝 Western Han emperor from 141-87 BCE

Xiàmén   厦门 Ancient port city in Fujian

Quánzhōu   泉州 Another ancient port city in Fujian

Zhū Yuánzhāng   朱元璋 Ming Dynasty founder, also known as the Hongwu Emperor - reigned 1368-1398

Hóngwǔ Emperor 洪武帝 Zhu Yuanzhang, who came from humble beginnings and founded a dynasty.

Xú Guāngqǐ   徐光启 Also known as Paul Hsu, a colleague of Matteo Ricci

Lǐ Zhīzǎo 李之藻 Along with Xu Guangqi and Yang Tingyun, he was one of the Three Pillars of Catholicism in China.

Yáng Tíngyún  杨廷筠 One of the Three Pillars of Catholicism in China

Dorgan   多尔衮 Prince Regent during the reign of the Shunzhi Emperor

Shùnzhì   顺治 1st Qing Emperor to rule over China 1643-1661

Kāngxī   康熙 Successor to Shunzhi, the longest reigning Chinese emperor 1661-1722

Yōngzhèng 雍正 Successor to the Kangxi Emperor

Luō Guànzhōng  罗贯中  Author of the classic novel "Romance of the Three Kingdoms

 

MATT SHEEHAN'S CHINAFORNIA NEWSLETTER - CHECK IT OUT HERE

 

JOHN ZHU'S THREE KINGDOMS PODCAST - Click here and check it out

 

Click here for Laszlo's past episode CHP-098-Ricci, Schall von Bell and Verbiest

 

Direct download: CHP-180-The_Earliest_Years_of_Christianity_in_China.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 2:40pm EST