The China History Podcast
CHP-143-The History of Tea Part 4

This time in History of Tea Part 4 we continue along the timeline and look at tea in the Song Dynasty.  Tea may have been brought to great heights during the Tang but during the Song.

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Lu Yu    Lu Yu, writer of the Classic of Tea

Kukai  空海 Japanese Monk, among other things introduced tea to Japan

Saicho  最澄  Japanese monk also helped introduce tea to Japan

Emperor Saga  嵯峨天皇  Emperor of Japan 806-809

Chama Gudao  古道  The Ancient Tea Horse Route

Zhao Kuangyin  匡胤  Founder of the Northern Song

Kaifeng  开封Capital city during the Northern Song

Mocha  抹茶  Ground tea in powder form (also 末茶)

Diancha  点茶  To whisk tea

Cai Xiang  蔡襄  Great calligrapher and tea expert from the Northern Song

Hūizōng  徽宗  Last emperor of the Northern Song

Limao  礼貌  etiquette, politeness

Wang Xizhi  王羲之  303-361, Jin Dynasty calligrapher, considered China’s greatest calligrapher

Cai Jing  蔡京  Hūizōng’s right hand man for many years  Also a great literary talent

Lantingji Xu  亭集序 Wang Xizhi’s great work. Preface to the poems composed at the Orchid Pavilian

Su Shi  苏轼  Also known as Su Dongpo, famous official, man of letters and Hangzhou hero

Huang Tingjian  黄庭坚  Great literary figure from the Song

Mi Fu  米芾  Great literary figure from the Song

Su, Huang, Mi, Cai  黄米蔡  The four great Song calligraphers

Quanzhou  泉州  Historic port city in Fujian

Fuzhou  福州  City in Fujian

Renzong  仁宗  Song Emperor 1022-1063

Ouyang Xiu  欧阳修 Song Statesman and all around literary powerhouse

Cha Jing    The Classic of Tea by Lu Yu

Cha Lu    Tea treatise by Cai Xiang

Doucha  斗茶  To have a tea battle

Mingzhan   Tea Wars or tea battle

Jian ware  建窑  Jian ware

Tuhao zhan 兔豪  Rabbit fur

Daimao zhan  Tortoise shell design

Zhegu ban   Partridge feathers design

You di  油滴  Oil drops design in Jian ware

Yue qi  越器  Yue ware from Yuezhou near Shaoxing

Xing ware  邢窑  Xing ware from Hebei

Qingbai  清白 White porcelain of the Song

Wulong  乌龙  Oolong tea

Zhenzong  真宗 Song Emperor 997-1022

Shenzong  神宗  Song emperor 1067-1085

Ya’an  雅安  City west of Chengdu with a rich tea history

Han Wudi  武帝  Grest Han Dynasty conquering emperor

Tang Taizong  唐太宗  Tang emperor Taizong (Li Shimin)

Wang Anshi  王安石  The great Song era reformer

Kaimen qījiàn shi  七件事  The Seven Necessities of Living

Chan Buddhism  禅宗  Better known as Zen Buddhism

Master Xiangmo  降魔藏  Chan Master Xiamngmo of Lingyan Temple on Mount Tai

Lingyan Monastery  灵岩寺Chan Buddhist Monastery on Mount Tai

Taishan  泰山 Mount Tai near Jinan

Daguan Chalun    Song Hūizōng’s Treatise on Tea

Silver Needle 银针 Silver Needle White Tea

Long Life Eyebrow  寿眉茶Long Life Eyebrow White Tea

Tribute Eyebrow  眉茶Tribute Eyebrow White Tea

White Peony  白牡丹  White Peony Tea

Zhenghe County  政和  County in northern Fujian

Fuding   福鼎  City in northern Fujian near the Zhejiang border

Guihuacha  桂花茶 Osmanthus Tea

Myoan Eisai  明菴栄西  Japanese Monk

Beiyuan 

Longfeng Tuancha 龙凤团  Dragon Phoenix Tea Cake

Wuyi Shan  武夷山The Wuyi Mountains in Fujian

Tieguanyin 铁观 Iron Buddha Oolong tea

Yan cha  岩茶  Rock Tea of Wuyi Shan

Shaqing    To “kill the green”

Chanong  Tea Farmer

Da Hong Pao 袍茶  Big Red Robe Tea

Tie Luohan  铁罗汉  Tie Luohan tea

Bai Ji Guan  冠茶  Bei Jiguan Tea

Shui Xian  水仙茶 Shui Xian Tea

Ba Xian 八仙茶  Ba Xian Tea

Rou Gui 肉桂茶Rou Gui Tea

Zheng Yan Tea  Wuyi Rock tea from the mountain summit

Ban Yan Tea  Wuyi Rock tea from midway up the mountain

Zhou Tea  Wuyi Rock tea from the river banks

Nantou  City in Taiwan

Jiayi   City in Taiwan

Hualian  City in Taiwan

Zhu Yuanzhang   朱元璋 Founder of the Ming Dynasty, a.k.a. The Hongwu Emperor.

Direct download: CHP-143-The_History_of_Tea_Part_4.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 5:54pm EDT

CHP-142-The History of Tea Part 3

In Part 3 of the CHP ten-part history of tea series we look at the life of the Tea Saint, Lu Yu and his great work The Classic of Tea. 

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Lu Yu    Lu Yu

Cha Jing茶经 The Classic of Tea

Shen Nong    Shen Nong, the Divine Farmer

Tianmen   Birthplace of Lu Yu

Hubei ren  湖北人  someone from Hubei

Longgai Temple  龙盖寺  Dragon Cloud Monastery

Chan Buddhist  禅宗  Better known as Zen Buddhism

Li Qiwu    Tang royal who served as governor in Tianmen

Zou Fuzi  邹老夫子  One of Lu Yu's earliest teachers and tea masters

Cui Guofu  崔国 Tang official who replaced Li Qiwu and served as another mentor of Lu Yu

Jiangsu    Province in the east of China

Zhejiang  浙江  Province just south of Jiangsu

Jiangxi  江西  Province south of Zhejiang

Miaoxi Monastery  妙喜寺Buddhist monastery located in Huzhou.

Huzhou  湖州  City in Jiangsu

Jiao Ran  皎然  Chan monk

Wang Bao  王褒  Western Han individual involved in a contract for a servant

Yan Zhenqing  真卿  Tang scholar, calligrapher and official

Lu Tong  卢仝  The great poet and bon vivant

Daizong Emperor  唐代宗  Tang emperor from 762-779

Dezong Emperor  德宗帝  Tang emperor from 779-805

Yongzheng Emperor 雍正帝 Qing emperor from 1722-1735

Lu Tingcan    A Tea Immortal, known for his Sequel to the Cha Jing

Cha Xian   茶仙  Tea Immortal

Xu Cha Jing    The Sequel to the Classic of Tea

Xia Dynasty  夏朝  The mythical Xia Dynasty

Zhongguo Cha wenhua  中国茶文化 Chinese Tea Culture

Ba Shu  巴蜀  The Ba Shu State in Sichuan

Zhou Gong  周公 The Duke of Zhou

Sima Xiangru  相如  The poetess from Qionglai in Sichuan

Jin Dynasty  晉朝  The Jin Dynasty

Hongzhi Era  弘治 The Ming dynasty Hongzhi emperor’s era 1487-1505

Abbot Zhiji   Stepfather to Lu Yu and Abbot of the Longgai Monastery

Nanling River  南凌 River north of Yangzhou famous for its water

Tang Taizong  唐太宗  Tang emperor Taizong (Li Shimin)

Yue qi  越器  Yue ware from Yuezhou near Shaoxing

Xing ware  邢窑  Xing ware from Hebei

Nanbei Chao  南北朝  The Southern and Northern Dynasty Period

Longmen  龙门 City in Shaanxi where Sima Qian was born

 

Direct download: CHP-142-The_History_of_Tea_Part_3.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 11:07pm EDT

Laszlo continues his 10-part series introducing the history of tea in China from ancient times to the modern age.  This time the focus is on the 7th to 9th centuries during the Tang Dynasty.  Tea by now has been transformed from a medicine to an enjoyable and inspirational beverage. 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Charen 茶人  Tea Person

Shen Nong    Shen Nong, the Divine Farmer

Sui Wendi  隋文帝  Founding emperor of the Sui Dynasty

Sui Yangdi 帝  Wendi's son, a man of many excesses

Fuchai  夫差  King of the Wu State

Han Gou  汗垢  The Han Canal

Jin Dynasty  晉朝  The Jin Dynasty

Tang Taizong  唐太宗  Tang emperor Taizong

Cha Ma Gudao  茶馬古道  The Ancient Tea Horse Road

Cha    Tea

Tu    Former name of tea before the Tang Dynasty

Gong Cha  貢茶  Tribute tea

Qingming 清明節  The Qingming Festival

Biancha    Border Tea

Qiang    The Qiang people 羌族

Baojianpin 保健品  health products

Zhang Qian  张骞 Western Han adventurer and diplomat

Shu yu niao zhi lu  鼠与之旅  The road of mice and birds

Wencheng Gongzhu  文成公主  Princess Wencheng

Songzan Ganbu  干布  Songstan Gampo

Suyoucha  酥油茶  Tibetan buttered tea

Qionglai    Tea town outside of Chengdu

Ya’an  雅安  Tea town outside of Chengdu

Wenchuan  汶川  Tea town outside of Chengdu

Leshan    Tea town outside of Chengdu

Saicho 最澄  Japanese Monk

Emperor Saga  嵯峨天皇  Emperor Saga of Japan

Mt. Hiei  比叡山  Mountain near Kyoto where the Enryakuji is located

Tiantai Buddhism 天台宗  The Tiantai sect of Buddhism

Eisai  西 Song era Japanese monk

Cha Jing茶经 The Classic of Tea

Dezong Emperor  德宗帝  The Dezong Emperor

Lu Tong  卢仝  The great poet and bon vivant

Qi Wan Shi 七碗诗 Seven Bowls of Tea

An Lushan  安禄山  Rebel Leader who launched a rebellion from 755-763

Yangxian Zisun Cha  阳羡紫笋茶  Yangxian Purple Bamboo Tea

Yue qi  越器  Yue ware from Yuezhou near Shaoxing

Xing ware  邢窑  Xing ware from Hebei

 

Direct download: CHP-141-The_History_of_Tea_Part_2.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 12:28pm EDT

CHP-140-The History of Tea Part 1

Laszlo is back with a new ten-part CHP series covering the history of tea from its mythical discovery clear through to the 20th century.  

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Sanhuang Wudi 三皇五帝 The Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors

Wang Xufeng  王旭烽  One of China’s great writers and Tea Ambassadors

Mao Dun Prize  茅盾  China’s answer to the Booker or Pulitzer Prizer

Charen Sanbu Qu  茶人三部曲 Trilogies of the Teamen, written by Wang Xufeng

Wang Laoshi  王老  Respectful salutation, “Teacher Wang”

Yipian Shuye de Gushi  一片叶的故事   The Story of a Leaf

Yuantou  fountainhead, source

Li Yuan  李渊 Tang founder Tang Gaozu

Li Shimin  李世民 Son of Li Yuan and co-founder of the dynasty

Emperor Xuan  宣帝 Han Emperor Xuan

Wang Bao   王褒 Western Han individual involved in a contract for a servant

Wuyang  武阳  City on the Jiangxi-Fujian border, home of an ancient tea market

Jiangxi   江西 Province in eastern China

Nanchang  南昌 Capital of Jiangxi Province

Cha    Tea

Jia   a former character for tea

Tu     ancient name for tea

Chuan     a former character for tea

She     a former character for tea                

Ming    a former character for tea

Lu Yu    The tea saint, writer of the Cha Jing

Cha Jing     The Classic of Tea

Cha Sheng  茶圣  The Tea Saint, Lu Yu

Shen Nong    The Divine Farmer, Shennong

Wugu Xiandi  五谷先帝The Emperor of the Five Grains, another nickname of Shen Nong

Shen Nong Bencao Jing  本草  Shen Nong’s Materia Medica or Herbal

Baicha   白茶  White tea or plain boiled water

Cha Lin  茶林  Village in Hunan where Shen Nong died

Zhangjiajie   家界  Beautiful scenic area in northwest Hunan

Ren     person

Liang Shiqiu   秋   One of China's greatest lexicograpers of the 20th century. His 新實用漢英辭典 was my first and favorite dictionary going back to 1979.

Kucai   苦菜  Bitter vegetable

Shijing   诗经  The Book of Songs

Liji    The Book of Rites

Fujian  福建  Fujian province

Guangdong    广  Guangdong province

Guangzhou   广州  Guangzhou, a.k.a Canton

Xiamen     Xiamen in Fujian

Fuzhou   福州  Fuzhou or Foochow as it was once called

Quanzhou  泉州  Coastal port city in Fujian

Shuowen Jiezi  文解字  Han Dynasty Dictionary 

Cun  Village

Chan Buddhism    Zen Buddhism

Zhou Xin 紂辛  Di Xin, 帝辛, Infamous last king of the Shang Dynasty                 

Jiuchi Roulin   酒池肉林  The Wine Pool and Meat Forest.

Chengdu   成都  Capital of Sichuan

Gan Lu Cha  甘露茶  Sweet Dew Tea, the famous tea of Mengding Shan.

Wu Lizhen  吴里真 Buddhist Monk credited with the cultivation of tea on Mengding Shan.

Mengding Shan  Mountain in Sichuan where tea cultivation began in China

Xian Cha   仙茶  The Tea of the Immortals, a.k.a. Gan Lu Tea from the seven original trees

Ya’an  雅安  City outside Chengdu famous for tea

Qionglai     City outside Chengdu famous for tea

Sanguo Zhi  三国志  Record of the Three Kingdoms

Sun Hao    Eastern Wu king known for his drunkeness

Wei Yao   Loyal official to Sun Hao

Sima Yan     (also known as 晋武帝) Jin Dynasty founder

Jin  晋朝  The Jin Dynasty

Shang-Zhou-Han   商周  The three dynasties of Shang-Zhou Han

Luoyang  洛阳   One of China’s ancient capitals

Chang’an    One of China’s ancient capitals  (present day Xian)

Qin Shihuang  秦始皇  Qin dynasty founder

Er Ya    The first dictionary in China

Guangya   广雅  An updated version of the Er Ya

Longjing    Village outside Hangzhou famous for Longjing, Dragon Well tea

Shu Guo  蜀国  The kingdom of Shu, present day Sichuan

Sanxingdui  三星堆  Neolithic ruins discovered outside Chengdu

Ba Shu   巴蜀  Ancient state from the Shu Kingdom

Zhou King Wu    周武王  Brother of the Duke of Zhou, conquering king.

Haojing      Western Zhou Capital

Ying Zheng  嬴政  The future Qin Shihuang

Han Wudi  武帝  The great martial emperor of the Western Han

Liu Song   刘宋  1st dynasty in the south during the Nanbei Chao, 420-479

Wucheng  婺城 District of Jinhua in Zhejiang, Province.

Nanbei Chao  南北朝  The Northern and Southern Dynasties

Zhuge Liang  葛亮  Great strategist and statesman of the 3 Kingdoms period

Yang Jian  杨暕 Second Sui emperor and grandson of founder Wendi.

Sui Wendi  隋文帝  Founder of the Sui Dynasty

Taishan   台山  City in southern Guangdong, southwest of Jiangmen.

 

THE ANTHILL

SHANGHAI HOMES by JIE LI

Link to CCTV Documentary THE STORY OF A LEAF

 

Direct download: CHP-140-The_History_of_Tea_Part_1.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 12:56am EDT

CHP-139-Sir Edmund Backhouse Part 3

In this episode we will conclude our CHP overview of the life of Sir Edmund Backhouse, 2nd Baronet.  In this 3rd part of the series we'll look at the last couple decades of Backhouse's life.  Backhouse remains in Beijing amidst all the turmoil going on during the Japanese invasion and the leadup to WWII.  In his final years Backhouse will write a memoir that will engrave his name forever in the footnotes of Chinese history.

Recommended Books:

Hermit of Peking by Hugh Trevor-Roper Amazon Link

Décadence Mandchoue edited by Derek Sandhaus Amazon Link

also: The Incarnations, by Susan Barker Amazon Link

Great new podcast:Tom Tacken's The First World War in 261 Weeks. www.TheFirstWorldWarIn261Weeks.com The Podcast Link

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Cixi 慈禧 The Empress Dowager Tzu Hsi

Li Lianying 李蓮英 Grand Eunuch during the reign of the Dowager Empress

 

Rong Lu 荣禄 Also known as Jung-lu, Cixi's most trusted official, a major power in China.

Jing Shan 景善 a.k.a. Ching Shan, The court official whose diary Backhouse faked

Guangxu Emperor 光绪帝 The second to the last emperor of China

Jin Ping Mei 金瓶梅 Ming Dynasty novel written in the vernacular, known as The Plum in the Golden Vase or The Golden Lotus.  Considered by many to be slightly pornographic in its content.

Shangdiao 上吊 To hang oneself

Mingshi 明史 The Ming History

Direct download: CHP-139-Sir_Edmund_Backhouse_Part_3.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 9:54am EDT

CHP-138-Sir Edmund Backhouse Part 2

Fast on the heels of Part 1 of this CHP overview of the life of the Sinologist Sir Edmund Backhouse, we present Part 2 in this episode. We'll look at the years 1911 to 1924, the years Backhouse committed a bunch of frauds and established himself in London and Beijing as a bit of a flake and someone not to be trusted.

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Yongle Dadian 永乐大典 The Yong Le Encyclopedia

Jiajing Emperor 嘉靖帝 The Qing Jiajing Emperor

Wang Xizhi  王羲之 China's greatest calligrapher

Jin Dynasty  晋朝 The Jin Dynasty 265-420 AD

Tang Taizong 唐太宗 Co-founder of the Tang Dynasty, also known as Li Shimin 李世民

Lantingji Xu 兰亭集序 The Preface to the Poems Collected from the Orchid Pavilion

Zhi Baobuzhu huo  纸包不住火  Paper Can't wrap a fire (impossible to keep a secret)

Liang Shiyi 梁士诒 Yuan Shikai's finance minister, a high-up guy in the Beiyang Government

Li Yuanhong  黎元洪 three times president of the Rep. of China.

Duan Qirui  段祺瑞 Premier of China 1916-1918 and major military and political figure

Yongzheng Emperor 雍正帝 The Yongzheng Emperor, son of Kang Xi 康熙 and father to Qianlong 乾隆

Gansu 甘肃 Province in West China

 

Direct download: CHP-138-Sir_Edmund_Backhouse_Part_2.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 9:36am EDT

CHP-137-Sir Edmund Backhouse Part 1

In this episode we will begin a 3-part series covering the life of Sir Edmund Trelawny Backhouse, 2nd Baronet. He lived from 1873 to 1944, spending more than half his life in Beijing.  Backhouse is best known for the various frauds he committed over the period of his life.  In his last year of life he was urged by Dr. Reinhard Hoeppli to commit his fantastic stories of his life to paper.  The result were two memoirs, "The Dead Past", about his days in Europe before 1898 and Décadence Mandchoue, Backhouse's racy and pornographic account of his years in China, mixing with all the Manchu royals and carrying on sexual relationships with the Empress Dowager Cixi and her eunuchs.  NOTE TO THIS EPISODE, THANKS TO MATT, A LOCAL TO COUNTY DURHAM I WISH TO CORRECT BACKHOUSE'S BIRTHPLACE TO DARLINGTON, COUNTY DURHAM (NOT RICHMOND,  IN NORTH YORKSHIRE).  SORRY!

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

baijiu 白酒 Chinese fiery clear alcoholic beverage, between 40-60% ABV

Jing Shan 景善 a.k.a. Ching Shan, The court official whose diary Backhouse faked

laowai 老外 foreigner

Cixi 慈禧 The Empress Dowager Tzu Hsi

Li Lianying 李蓮英 Grand Eunuch during the reign of the Dowager Empress

Rong Lu 荣禄 Also known as Jung-lu, Cixi's most trusted official, a major power in China.

Kang Youwei 康有为 Controversial figure in late 19th century China politics, closely associated with the Hundred Days of Reform under the Tongzhi Emperor.

Daoguang 道光 The Daoguang Emperor

Prince Chun 醇亲王 Father of the Guangxu Emperor, grandfather of Puyi, half brother of the Xianfeng emperor.

Puyi 溥仪 The Last Emperor

Liang Shiyi 梁士诒 Yuan Shikai's finance minister, a high-up guy in the Beiyang Government

Xu Shichang 徐世昌 President of the ROC from 1918-1922...YUan Shikai's closest advisor and ally.

 

Direct download: CHP-137-Sir_Edmund_Backhouse_Part_1.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 9:10am EDT

CHP-136-Wong Chin Foo

Once again after an almost record-setting gap in the action, we look at a great but unknown Chinese American, Wong Chin Foo (王清福). Though not a well-known person from history, he nonetheless played a major role during the 1880's and 1890's fighting against the racist anti-Chinese immigration laws passed by the U.S. Congress. Author Scott Seligman's book, The First Chinese American tells the whole story of Wong Chin Foo and his times.  In this episode we examine the highlights of this remarkable life.

Amazon link for the book: http://amzn.to/1qVnIwv

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Wong Chin Foo 王清福

Wong Yen Ping 王彦平 Another name Wong Chin Foo went by

Judy Chu  赵美心 U.S. Representative from California’s 27th Congressional District

I.M. Pei Chinese American architect (born in Guangzhou)

An Wang王安 Co founder of Wang Laboratories and great engineer (born in Shanghai)

Nancy Kwan关家1960’s actress (born in  Hong Kong)

Yo-yo Ma友友 One of the greatest cellists of his age (born in France)

Anna Sui  志美  Fashion Designer (born in Detroit)

Vivienne Tam燕玉 Fashion designer (born in Guangzhou)

Vera Wang  王薇薇 Fashion designer (born in New York City)

Charles Wang  王嘉廉CA Associates International co-founder (born in Shanghai)

Amy Tan恩美 Writer (born in Oakland)

Charles K. Kao The “father of fiber optics”. Won the 2009 Nobel in physics (born in Shanghai)

T.D. Lee  李政道 Won Nobel in Physics in 1957 (born in Shanghai)

Samuel C.C. Ting丁肇中 Won Nobel Prize in 1976 in Physics (born in Ann Arbor)

Steven Chu  朱棣文 Won Nobel Price in Physics 1997. US Secretary of Energy 2009-13. (born in St. Louis)

Gary Locke Former Washington State governor and US ambassador to China

Yung Wing  First Chinese to graduate from a US university (1854) (from Guangdong, Xiangshan)

Norman Assing袁生 Community leader in San Francisco’s Chinatown

Ng Poon Chew伍盤照  Started the first Chinese language newspaper in the US. (born in Taishan)

Wang Surname (means “king”) pronounced Wong in Cantonese

Huang Surname (means “yellow”) pronounced Wong in Cantonese

Shandong Province in China

Wong Sa Kee Wong Chin Foo’s earliest name

Qingdao Beautiful coastal city in Shandong

Daoguang Emperor道光帝 Qing dynasty emperor during Opium Wars

Jimo即墨City of Wong Chin Foo’s birth, just north of Qingdao

Yantai  烟台 Coastal city in Shandong

Zhifu芝罘Early name for Yantai

Penglai蓬莱  City in north Shandong, formerly called Dengzhou

Dengzhou登州  Present day Penglai, where Wong Chin Foo lived

Zhenjiang  City on the Yangzi River in Jiangsu

Xianfeng Emperor咸丰帝  Qing Dynasty emperor

Hua Mei Xin Bao  美新 The Chinese American, Wong’s first paper.

 

Direct download: CHP-136-Wong_Chin_Foo.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 10:55am EDT

CHP-135 The Song Emperor Huizong Part 4

In this final installment of the history of the life and times of the emperor Huizong we look at the series of events that followed the Jürchens' Seige of Kaifeng in 1126-1127.  What followed was the Jingkang Incident that for centuries, made Chinese bow their heads in shame.  The entire Song imperial family was captured and sent north to live out the rest of their lives in the harsh lands far beyong The Great Wall.  But the Jin conquerors did not destroy the Song. The Zhao family continued to keep the dynasty alive in the south.

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Huizong 徽宗 Song Dynasty emperor who reigned 1100-1127

Qinzong 欽宗 Last emperor of the Northern Song, son of Huizong

Prince Huan 桓王 Qinzong's title before becoming the emperor

Wolibu 斡离不 Son of Jin Dynasty founder Aguda

Bozhou 亳州  City in northern Anhui

Empress Zheng 郑氏 Wife of Huizong

Tong Guan 童贯 Great eunuch general and close advisor to Huizong

 Zhu Mian 朱勔 One of Huizong's most trusted officials...mainly responsible for Huizong's Marchmnount Park.

Xixia 西夏  The Western Xia, a Tangut empire that ran 1038-1227. Located south of Liao and west of Song China

Wanyan Nianhan  完颜粘罕 Top general in the Jin army

Wanyan Aguda 完颜阿骨打 Jin Dynasty Founder, also known as Jin Taizu 金太祖

Wang Fu 王黼  A Grand Councillor under Huizong. Major proponent to ally with Jin against Liao

Liang Shicheng 梁师成 Highest ranking of the palace eunuchs, exercised a great amount of control of and access to Huizong.

Cai Jing 蔡京 Northern Song official, played a major role in Huizong's reign.  One of the greatest calligraphers of his day.

 Zhenjiang 镇江 City in Jiangsu on the Yangzi, famous for their vinegar (among other things).

Zhao Gou 赵構 Ninth son of Huizong and founder of the Southern Song Dynasty, ruling as the Gaozong 高宗 Emperor.

Lin'an 临安 Where present day Hangzhou is located...capital of the Southern Song

Prince Chen 谌王 Qinzong's heir (but he never got to reign)

Fang La  方腊 Rebel leader of the short-lived but critical Fang La Rebellion

Zhang Jue 张觉 Jin defector who defected to Song and tried to cut a deal with the court.

Zhang Bangchang 张邦昌 Qinzong official. Jin forced him to be a puppet emperor but he remained loyal to the Song.

Shi Jingtang 石敬瑭 Founder of the Later Jin Dynasty who gave the Sixteen Prefectures away to the Liao in 938

Shi Chonggui  石重贵 Successor to Shi Jingtang but was taken into captivity by the Liao

Qin Gui 秦桧 Court official served Qinzong first and later Gaozong. Yue Fei's death was blamed on Qin Gui.

Zhending Near Shijiazhuang 石家庄. One of the stops along the way for Huizong.

Yanjing 燕京 Prefecture near modern-day Beijing

Cai Tiao  Son of Cai Jing. Accompanies Huizong into captivity and wrote an account of the journey

Cao Xun Wrote an account of the fall of Kaifeng and the trip by Huizong into captivity.

Empres Zhu Qinzong's empress - committed suicide in 1128

Siping 四平 City in Jilin where the Jon Supreme Capital was located.

Yilan County 依兰县 In central Heilongjiang, where Five Nations Fort was located.

Wuguocheng 五国城 Five Nations Fort

Yue Fei 岳飞  Hero and general of the Song who fought the Jin hard to win back lost territory.

Jin Zhong Bao Guo  尽忠报国 Serve the country with the most loyalty

Huan Wo He Shan 还我河山 Return my rivers and mountains! Yue Fei's demand to the Jin.

Lin Lingsu 林灵素 Daoist master who conceived the Divine Empyrean sect of Daoism.  Huizong was his benefactor and supporter.

Yao 尧  One of the Five Mythical Emperors (五帝)

Shun 舜 One of the Five Mythical Emperors (五帝)

Fang La  方腊 Rebel leader of the short-lived but critical Fang La Rebellion

Wanyan Wuqimai 完颜吴乞买 Younger brother of Aguda, also known as Jin Taizong 金太宗 

 

 

Direct download: CHP-135-The_Song_Emperor_Huizong_Part_4.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 7:28pm EDT

CHP-134-The Song Emperor Huizong Part 3

We continue on this episode examining the second decade of Huizong's reign.  The good times lasted about twenty years but all good things can't go on forever.  By 1120 Huizong is going to begin to see the handwriting on the wall.  The years we look at today will the years Huizong later on most regrets.

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Huizong 徽宗 Song Dynasty emperor who reigned 1100-1127

Zhezong 哲宗 7th Song emperor, older brother of Huizong

Empress Dowager Xiang 向太后 Empress of Emperor Shenzong

Tang Xuanzong  唐玄宗 Tang dynasty emperor, ruled at the peak of the Tang  

Ming Taizu 明太祖 Also Known as Zhu Yuanzhang 朱元璋 and the Hongwu 洪武 Emperor

Liu Hunkang 劉混康  Great Daoist master. b. 1035, d. 1108

Yelü Abaoji 耶律阿保机 Founder of the Liao Dynasty

Xixia 西夏  The Western Xia, a Tangut empire that ran 1038-1227. Located south of Liao and west of Song China

Nuzhen 女真 Jürchen

Khitan Liao 契丹辽代  The Khitan Liao Dynasty

Shenzong 神宗 6th Song emperor, father of Huizong

Cai Jing 蔡京 Northern Song official, played a major role in Huizong's reign.  One of the greatest calligraphers of his day.

Zeng Bu 曾布 Junior Chief Councillor and trusted advisor to Huizong as soon as he became emperor.

Wang Anshi  王安石 Reformer during Shenzong emperor

Tong Guan 童贯 Great eunuch general and close advisor to Huizong

Liang Shicheng 梁师成 Highest ranking of the palace eunuchs, exercised a great amount of control of and access to Huizong.

Wang Laozhi 王老志 Daoist Master during Huizong's reign

Wang Zixi  王仔昔 Daoist Master during Huizong's reign

Lin Lingsu 林灵素 Daoist master who conceived the Divine Empyrean sect of Daoism.  Huizong was his benefactor and supporter.

Laozi 老子

Zhuangzi 庄子

Liezi  列子

Huangdi Neijing  黄帝内经

Yao 尧

Shun 舜

Duke of Zhou 周公

Prince Huan 桓王

Chanyuan zhi meng 澶渊之盟 The Treaty of Chanyuan

Yan Yun Shiliuzhou 燕云十六州 The 16 Prefectures

Li Cunxu  李存勖 Founder of the Later Tang Dynasty

Hou Jin 后晋 The Later Jin Dynasty

Zhao Kuangyin 赵匡胤 Founder of the Song Dynasty

Zhao Liangsi 赵良嗣  Liao defector who early on suggested the Song ally with the Jin against Liao.

Wanyan Aguda 完颜阿骨打 Jin Dynasty Founder, also known as Jin Taizu 金太祖

Wang Fu 王黼  A Grand Councillor under Huizong. Major proponent to ally with Jin against Liao

Haishang zhimeng 海上之盟  The Alliance on the Sea (between Jin and Song)

Shi Jingtang 石敬瑭 Founder of the Later Jin Dynasty who gave the Sixteen Prefectures away to the Liao in 938

Yanjing 燕京 Capital of Yan Prefecture, located in and around present day Beijing.

Fang La  方腊 Rebel leader of the short-lived but critical Fang La Rebellion

Wanyan Wuqimai 完颜吴乞买 Younger brother of Aguda, also known as Jin Taizong 金太宗

Liao Tianzuo  辽天祚  Last emperor of the Liao Dynasty

Zhang Jue 张觉 Jin defector who defected to Song and tried to cut a deal with the court.

 

Direct download: CHP-134-The_Song_Emperor_Huizong_Part_3.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 3:31pm EDT