Sun, 19 January 2014
In this episode we revisit the founding of the Tang Dynasty and focus in on the events leading up to, during and right after the Incident at Xuanwu Gate. This slice of historic theater took place on July 2, 626. It resulted in the victory of Li Shimin over his two brothers. Not long afterwards Li Shimin was promoted by his father to the emperorship and reigned as Tang Taizong.
TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE
Chang’an 长安 Ancient capital of the Tang and other dynasties. Located in present day Xian
Xuanwu men zhi biàn 玄武门之变 The Incident at Xuanwu Gate
Zizhi Tongjian 资治通鉴 The Comprehensive Mirror to Aid in Government
Sima Qian 司马迁 Considered China’s greatest ancient historian, writer of the Records of the Grand Historian (the 史记）
Sima Guang 司马光 Credited with compiling the The Comprehensive Mirror to Aid in Government
Ouyang Xiu 欧阳修 Song dynasty official and all-around universal man featured in CHP-071.
Wang Anshi 王安石 Early Song Dynasty official responsible for instituting some major reforms
Tang Huiyao 唐会要 The Institurtional History of the Tang, written by Wang Pu
Zhao Kuangyin 赵匡胤 Song dynasty founder, The Taizu Emperor
Wang Pu 王浦 Credited with the writing of the Tang Huiyao
Tang Shu 唐书 The (Old) Book of Tang
Xin Tang Shu 新唐书 The New Book of Tang
Tong Dian 通典 The Comprehensive Statutes
Li Shimin 李世民 Known as The emperor Tang Taizong 唐太宗, as well as the Prince of Qin and the Duke of Dunhuang
Li Yuan 李渊 Known as the emperor Tang Gaozu 唐高祖
Li Jiancheng 李建成 The Crown Prince also known as the Duke of Longxi
Li Yuanji 李元吉 Youngest son of Li Yuan, also known as the Prince of Qi
Li Zhiyun 李志云 Son of Li Yuan from one of his concubines
Taiyuan 太原 Capital of Shanxi Province and power base of the Li Tang clan.
Niangzijun 娘子军 The Army of Women, let by the Princess Pingyang
Pingyang Gongzhu 平阳公主 The daughter of Li Yuan, a great military leader.
Sui Yangdi 隋炀帝 The Sui Emperor Yang
Li Hu 李虎 Grandfather of Li Yuan
Bazhuguo 八柱国 The Eight Pillars of the Western Wei
Yuwen Tai 宇文泰 Founder of the Western Wei Dynasty
Nanbei Chao 南北朝 The Southern & Northern Dynasty Period.
Li Xi 李熙 Grandfather of Li Hu
Li Tianxi 李天锡 Father of Li Hu
Li Song 李嵩 Founder of the Western Liang (西凉)
Longxi 陇西 Place in easternmost Gansu Province
Tuoba 拓拔 Clan name for many Xianbei people. The Tuoba’s founded the Northern Wei Dynasty
Liu Bang 刘邦 Founder of the Han Dynasty (Han Gaozu 汉高祖)
Wu Zetian 武则天 Concubine of Tang Taizong, wife of Tang Gaozong and later empresss of China.
Daixian 代县 Located in present day Shanxi province
Wude 武德 The Era name of the Tang Gaozu emperor
Liu Heita 刘黑闼 Sui rebel general, served under Li Mi and Wang Shichong (see below).
Dou Jiande 窦建德 Sui rebel general and enemy of the Tang
Wang Shichong 王世充 First a Sui general, then helped bring Emperor Yang down. Later defeated the other rebel leader Li Mi (see below)
Xue Ju 薛举 One of the major rebel generals who helped bring down the Sui
Li Mi 李密 One of the major rebel generals who helped bring down the Sui.
Yuwen Huaji 宇文化及 General during the Sui, later led a coup against Emperor Yang and delivered the death blow.
Jiangdu 江都 District of Yangzhou
Yangzhou 扬州 City in Jiangsu
Jiangsu 江苏 Rich province in eastern China.
Zhangsun Wuji 长孙无忌 Served as a chancellor during the time of Taizong and Gaozong.
Yuchi Jingde 尉迟敬德 Later became the Door God (门神), close ally of Taizong, he fired the arrow that killed Li Yuanji.
Fang Xuanling 房玄龄 Served together Du Ruhui (see below) as chancellor
Du Ruhui 杜如晦 Chancellor during the reign of Taizong, one of the best it’s said.
Gao Shilian 高士廉 Uncle of Taizong’s wife (Lady Dou), also a high ranking official during his reign.
Gengshen 庚申 A day in the Chinese calendar
Zhang Jieyu 张婕妤 Official during time of Tang Gaozu and Taizong
Pei Ji 裴寂 Official during Sui and Tang Dynaties, served Tang Gaozu and Taizong.
Xiao Yu 蕭瑀 Ally of Tang Gaozu and Taizong, later a high ranking official
Chen Shuda 陈叔达 Ally of Tang Taizong, later became his chancellor
Mon, 30 December 2013
After a record-breaking pause in the action Laszlo is back with one last episode to finish off 2013. This time we look at the interesting and amusing history of Chinese cuisine in America, an oft requested topic here at the China History Podcast. This is a history that goes hand in hand with the earliest Chinese immigration to the US. If you’re interested to learn more on the subject check out Andrew Coe and Jennifer 8 Lee’s books. The links to amazon are below:
Andrew Coe – “Chop Suey” http://amzn.to/1h99KCp
Jennifer 8. Lee – “The Fortune Cookie Chronicles” http://amzn.to/1elXxph
Direct download: CHP-128-The_History_of_American_Chinese_Cuisine-f.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 2:05pm EST
Wed, 27 November 2013
In this episode we take a look at the circumstances and times when the brand spanking new nation of the USA came a calling to China for the very first time. The so-called “Most Important Relationship in the World” had very humble origins indeed. When representatives of the United States first arrived in Canton in August 1783 they really had a lot of explaining to do about who they were and where they came from. Repeatedly they had to explain to the Chinese who interacted with them that they weren’t British.
TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE
Qianlong 乾隆 The Qing emperor who reigned 1735-1796
Guangzhou 广州 Canton
Wujing 五经 The Five Classics
Sishu 四书 The Four Books
Zhong-Mei guanxi 中美关系 China – US Relations
Lao Mei 老美 a term for America or Americans…not particularly a polite way to say it
Lao Zhong 老中 I never heard this used before…but the counterpart of Lao Mei
Jin Sha 金沙 Cumshaw. A bribe given in the form of a gift (means gold sand or gold dust)
Wuyi Cha 武夷茶 Bohea Tea A popular type of tea export back in the day
Xichun Cha 熙春茶 Hyson Tea Another popular type of tea export back in the day.
Bupingdeng tiaoyue 不平等条约 Unequal Treaty
Qiying 耆英 Known as “Keying”, a Manchu noble who signed many Unequal Treaties
Wangxia Tiaoyue 望夏条约 The Treaty of Wangxia July 3, 1844
Guanyin Tang 观音堂 The Temple in Macao where the Treaty of Wangxia was signed
Puji Chanyuan 普及禅院 The former name of this temple
Da-Qing 大清 The name of the Qing Empire…means Great Qing
Jean Baptiste Du Halde, writer of the The General History of China http://www.archive.org/stream/generalhistoryof01duha#page/n0/mode/2up
Sun, 3 November 2013
This week we look at the Khitan people of the steppes. These people came from the lands in between Manchuria and Mongolia. Their most famous son was Yelü Abaoji who took his people to great heights in the early 10th century. His Liao Dynasty in the north of present day China ran concurrently with the continue reading >>
Sun, 20 October 2013
In this episode we explore the life and times of Zhuge Liang (181-234 AD). He’s a very good example of a well-known name from Chinese history that many have heard of but aren’t quite sure why. He lived during the Eastern Han and Three Kingdoms periods. Zhuge Liang is mostly remembered for his cleverness and continue reading >>
Wed, 9 October 2013
Today after a month-long break the CHP is back with another episode. This time we look at the life and times of Sir Y.K. Pao. In telling the story of Sir Yue-kong Pao (Bao Yugang in Mandarin) we can also relive the periods in China and Hong Kong during the 1960′s, 70′s and into the continue reading >>
Tue, 3 September 2013
After the longest delay in between CHP episodes ever, we resume our Chinese history voyage. This time we look at a topic that isn’t particularly well-known but offers a glimpse of one sliver of the Chinese diaspora that began once the Qing Dynasty began to fall on hard times. The story of the Chinese continue reading >>
Mon, 5 August 2013
In this part 4 episode we conclude our overview of the Chinese Civil War. After the Pingjin Campaign ended in January of 1949 it was time for the Communists to finish off what they started. Victory was imminent but by no means would it be easy and simple. The PLA forces dramatically crossed the Yangzi continue reading >>
Sun, 14 July 2013
This episode mainly covers the year 1948 and the three great campaigns that sealed Chiang Kai-shek’s fate on the Chinese mainland. The focus will be on the Liaoshen, Huaihai and Pingjin Campaigns that not only grabbed all of north China and Manchuria for the Communists but the heartland and everything north of the Yangzi River continue reading >>
Sun, 30 June 2013
This week’s episode focuses mainly on the year 1947. The Americans have now left and the NRA and PLA attack each other with all they got. The years starts out well for the Nationalists as they pummel the PLA in Manchuria and in the north. But once the summer offensive begins, it’s a steady continue reading >>