The China History Podcast
CHP-150-The History of the Hakka People

CHP-150-The Hakka’s

 

In this milestone 150th CHP episode Laszlo shines a light on the Hakka people and where they fit in Chinese history.  There are no shortages of authoritative sources that all disagree as to their origins ands when the Hakka’s migrated from where to where.  Legends and stereotypes surrounded this sub-group of Chinese.  But one thing is for sure they  have carved an indelible spot in worldwide Chinese culture.  More than 80 million Hakka’s call this solar system their home.  Fifty minutes hardly offers a comprehensive look at any culture, let alone 客家文化.   In this episode Laszlo offers a general overview.  As always there is plenty of reading you can do and videos you can watch that give you a more satisfying meal than this episode can.

 Terms from this Episode

Hakka people  客家人  Translates to “Guest People”

Gan    Abbreviation for Jiangxi Province

Gan River    Main river in Jiangxi

Ganzhou     City in Jiangxi

Sima Yan     Founded Jin Dynasty. Temple name Jin Wudi

Cao Wei   曹魏  Northern of the Three Kingdoms

Shu    The western of the Three Kingdoms

Wu    The eastern of the Three Kingdoms

Jin Dynasty  晋朝  Founded by Jin Wudi

The Han    The Han Dynasty

Jin Wudi   晋武帝  Jin Dynasty founder

Luoyang  洛阳  Ancient capital city in China history

Emperor Min  晋愍帝  Last Western Jin emperor

Huizong  徽宗  Last emperor of the Northern Song

Wuhu   五胡  The Five Barbarian Tribes

Xiōngnú   匈奴  One of the Five Barbarian Tribes

Jié  One of the Five Barbarian Tribes

Xianbei    One of the Five Barbarian Tribes

     One of the Five Barbarian Tribes

Qiāng   One of the Five Barbarian Tribes

Zhao     Surname of the Song Dynasty emperors

Jiankang  建康  Ancient name of Nanjing

Nanjing   南京  City in Jiangsu, means Southern capital

Liu Yu   刘裕  Founder of the Liu Song (also known as 刘宋武帝)

Liu Song   刘宋  First of the Southern Kingdoms

Nanbei Chao   南北朝  The Southern and Northern Kingdoms period

Shibi Village   石壁村  Place in Fujian where the Hakka’s first settled

Yan’an   延安  City in Shaanxi, where the Long March concluded

Zudi  祖地  Ancestral land

Ninghua County  宁化  County in Fujian

Tingzhou   汀洲  Another place not far from Shibi where the Hakka’s first assembled

Changting     Present day name for Tingzhou

Luo Xianglin   祥林  Hakka historian

Kejia Yanjiu Daoliu  客家研究  Luo Xianglin’s 1933 book “An Introduction to the Study of the Hakka’s,”

Huang Chao Uprising  黄巢之乱  Uprising in the late Tang from 881 to 884

Zhao Kuangyin   匡胤  Founder of the Song Dynasty

Kaifeng   开封  Capital of the Northern Song

Lin’an     Capital of Southern Song (present day Hangzhou)

Zheng Chenggong   成功  Taiwan hero, better known as Koxinga

Kangxi emperor   康熙  Long reigning early Qing Dynasty emperor

Qian Hai Ling   遷海令The Great Clearance, or coastal evacuation

Bendi  本地  Also known as the Punt in Cantonese, means Native

Chaozhou  潮州City in Guangdong, above Shantou.  The people are known as Teochew

Shantou    Coastal city in Guangdong adjacent to Chaozhou

Chaoshan   潮汕  Abbreviation for Chaozhou-Shantou

Jieyang  揭阳  Predominantly Hakka city just west of Chaozhou and Shantou.

Yue    Abbreviation for Guangdong

Kejia ren  客家人  A Hakka Person

Meizhou   梅州  City in northeast Guangdong

Biaozhun    a standard

Meixian   Mei County

Yanju Ji   盐焗鸡  Salt Baked Chicken

Niang Doufu   豆腐  The most famous Hakka dish

Tu Kè Xièdòu   土客械斗   The Punti-Hakka Clan Wars from1855 and 1867

Taishan   台山  City known as Toi San.

Qingchao Monian   清朝末年  The final years of the Qing dynasty

Min    Fujian people, also an abbreviation of Fujian

Hong Xiuquan   洪秀全  Responsible for the Taiping Rebellion

Xiang    Abbreviation of Hunan

Han Su-yin  素音  Born in Xinyang, Henan, home of Xinyang Maojian tea. Han Su Yin was the pen name of author Elizabeth Comber

Hsieh T’ing-yu  Historian who wrote The Origin and Migrations of the Hakkas (1929)

Nàxī  西  Ethnic minority group around Lijiang in Yunnan

Tulou   土楼  The circular and square Hakka compounds

Hui     The character “to return”.

Yongding County   永定 County in southern Fujian near Guangdong border

Weilong Wu   围龙  Distinctive single level concentric U-shaped structures

Kejia shange   客家山歌  Hakka mountain folk songs

Leicha   擂茶  Hakka pounded tea

 

Famous Hakka

Deng Xiaoping   小平

Yang Shangkun  尚昆

Lee Kwan Yew   李光耀

Zhu De   朱德

Ye Jianying  

Su Yu  粟裕

Chen Yi  

Hua Guofeng  

Hu Yaobang   胡耀邦

Guo Moruo  郭沫若

Liu Bocheng   刘伯承(maybe)

Nie Rongzhen   荣臻  (maybe)

Zhang Guotao  

Ouyang Xiu   欧阳修

Aw Boon Haw   胡文虎

Aw Boon Par  胡文豹

Chow Yun-fat   润发

Lee Denghui   李登

Charlie Soong   宋嘉

Song Ailing  

Song Qingling庆龄

Song Meiling   宋美

T.V. Soong   宋子文

 

Henan Xinyang Maojian tea  河南信阳毛尖茶

Láoshan  

谢谢温老

 

 

Jemimah Steinfeld:  Little Emperors and Material Girls: Youth and Sex in Modern China

Mary Erbaugh."The Secret History of the Hakkas: The Chinese revolution as a Hakka Enterprise"

University of Pittsburgh Professor and Director of their Asian Studies Center Nicole Constable: Guest People: Hakka Identity in China and Abroad

Direct download: CHP-150-The_History_of_the_Hakka_People.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 9:40am PDT