Fri, 14 August 2015
This time Laszlo finishes off the Qin in two parts as promised. Apologies for the lopsidedness of it all. In this extra long episode Laszlo takes the Qin to their height and examines their legacy. The Qin Dynasty had a spectacular fall lasting only a few years after the early death of its founder Qin Shihuang.
TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE
Qin Shihuang 秦始皇 The First Qin Emperor, Ying Zheng
Shang Yang 商鞅 Great Qin statesman, helped make the Qin. 390-338 BCE
Qin 秦 The kingdom and later dynasty, led by the Ying Clan.
Ying Zheng 嬴政 Qin Shihuang's name
Duke Xiao 秦孝公 Qin Xiao Gong He lived 381 to 338 BCE
King Huiwen or King Hui 秦惠文王 King of Qin 338-311 BCE, son of Zhaoxiang
Chengdu 成都 Largest city and capital of Sichuan, site of the ancient Shu Kingdom
Qinling Mountains 秦岭Mountain range separating Shaanxi from Sichuan, also Qin Mountains (ling 岭means mountain range)
Wei River 渭河 One of the major tributaries of the Yellow River
Shaanxi 陕西 Province in China, capital is Xian
Sichuan 四川 Province in southwest China
Shu 蜀国 Shu State near Chengdu
Shiniu Dao 石牛道 the Stone Cattle Road
Ba State 巴国 Ba State near Chongqing
Chongqing 重庆 Municipality formerly part of Sichuan
Wu Lizhen 吴理真 Planted seven tea trees on Mengding Mountain, first known tea cultivation
Mengding Shan 蒙顶山 Mountain near Chengdu site of the first known cultivation of tea
Sanxingdui 三星堆 Archaeological discovery of an ancient non-Han civilization located halfway between Chengdu and Deyang.
Jinsha 金沙 Another great archaeological discovery near Chengdu.
Dujiangyan 都江堰 One of the most important irrigation projects in Chinese history. It tamed the Min River and changed the face of agriculture in Sichuan.
Li Bing 李冰 The Qin governor down in Sichuan, directed construction of Dujiangyan.
Fan Sui 范睢 died 255 BCE, gave his king Zhaoxiang the winning strategy
King Zhāoxiāng, Qin Zhao Wang 昭襄王 Qin leader, reined 306-251 BCE
Bai Qi白起 Qin general served under Zhaoxiang. Undefeated.
Meixian陕西眉县 Mei County in Shaanxi, west of Xian.
Ren Tu 人屠 The Butcher of Men, Bai Qi's nickname (well-earned I might add)
Si Da Ming Jiang 四大名将 the four great generals of the day. Bai Qi白起, Lian Po 廉颇, Li Mu李牧 and Wang Jian 王翦
Battle of Changping 长平之战 The bloody battle where the Qin demolished the Zhao 262-260 BCE
Chu State 楚国 Chu State near Hubei
Zuo Shu zhang 秦朝左庶长 left militia general
Han 韩国 The Han Sate, sandwiched between Chu, Qin and Wei
Wei 魏国 Kingdom of Wei, east of Qin, south of Zhao
Yichuan County 伊川县is located in Henan just south of Luoyang near the famous Longmen Grottoes.
The Longmen Grottoes 龙门石窟 UNESCO Heritage site containing thousands of statues of Buddha and paintings.
Battle of Yique伊阙, near modern day Longmen, 293 BCE Qin defeated the combined armies of Wei and Han.
Sima Cuo 司马错 Qin general. Advised Huiwen to annex Shu and Ba
Huaxia 华夏 Ancient core China early name
Zhao 赵国 Zhao State in the Yellow River Valley
Handan City in Hebei Province, also the capital of Zhao
Zhao Kuo 赵括 Son Zhao She, got beat bad at the Battle of Changping
Zhao She赵奢 Zhao general who once gave the Qin a lickin'
chengyu 成语 Chinese saying or proverb, usually but not always four characters
zhishang tan bing 纸上谈兵 To discuss military strategy on paper
King Xiaocheng趙孝成王 King of Zhao who pulled Lian Po from the roster and put in Zhao Kuo
Huaihai Campaign 淮海战役One of the three final campaigns of the Chinese Civil War of 1948-49.
Sima Qian 司马迁 China's Herodotus, writer of the Records of the Grand Historian
Gaoping 高平 County level city in southeast Shanxi, site of the Battle of Changping
Shanxi 山西 Province in China just east of Shaanxi
Shennong 神农 The Divine Farmer, legendary discoverer of tea who gifted the Shen Nong Classic of Herbal Medicine.
Yan Di 炎帝 The Flame Emperor, considered to be Shennong
Zhou 周朝 The Zhou Dynasty
Ji clan 姬家族 The Zhou Dynasty ruling family
King Nǎn, Zhou Nan Wang周赧王 Last emperor of the Zhou Dynasty
King Xiaowen 秦孝文王 Also known as Lord Anguo, Qin Shihuang's grandfather. Didn't reign too long.
Shi Ji 史记 The Records of the Grand Historian by Sima Qian
Han Dynasty 汉朝 One of China's greatest dynasties 206 BCE-220 CE
Lü Buwei 吕不韦 The man who put Qin Shihuang's father on the throne. Regent for young Qin Shihuang.
Zhao Ji 赵姬 Qin Shihuang's mother and a lover to many men (so says Sima Qian)
Lao Ai 嫪毐 Introduced to Zhao Ji after she became the Queen Dowager, tried and failed to seize power
Li Si 李斯 Took the philosophy of Legalism to great heights. Qin Shihuang's right hand man.
Zhao Gao 赵高 Palace eunuch who conspired with Li Si against Qin Shihuang's wishes.
Fu Su 扶苏 Qin Shihuang's heir, tricked into committing suicide
Hu Hai 胡亥 Younger son of Qin Shihuang, allowed Lao Ai and Li Si to stack the deck and allow him to become the new emperor
Meng Tian 蒙恬 Great Qin general who did most of his fighting in the north. Key person in the construction of the Great Wall
Wey State卫国 Different from Wei State 魏国. Absorbed by Jin before it broken up。Lü Buwei was from Wey.
Zichu 子楚 Other name of Qin Shihuang's father and later King Zhuangxiang.
Lady Huayang 华阳夫人 Wife of Qin King Xiaowen
Zhengguo Canal 郑国渠 joined together the Jing and Luo Rivers, both tributaries of the Wei. Named after the builder Zheng Guo
Chelie 车裂 An ancient punishment where a person was tied to five chariots and pulled apart.
Lin Biao 林彪 Great military man and one time heir to Chairman Mao.
Jing Ke 荆轲 Assassin from Yan who wasn't able to bury his poison dagger into Ying Zheng
Yan 燕国 Yan State near Beijing
Chen Kaige 陈凯歌 Great Chinese film director. The Emperor and the Assassin
Gong Li 巩俐 Famous and talented Chinese actress
Zhang Yimou 张艺谋 One of the great film directors of China
Xiang Yu 项羽 The hegemon of Chu State, fought Liu Bang and lost. Featured in CHP episode 91
Qi 齐国 Qi State near Shandong
Zibo 淄博 Former capital of the Qi State
Lu 鲁国 State to the south of Qi. Confucius came from Lu.
Qi Lu Liangguo 齐鲁两国 The two Shandong kingdoms of Qi and Lu
Shandong 山东 Northeastern province of China
Wang Ben 王贲 Son of one of the four great generals of the Warring States period
Zhou Wu Wang 周武王 Co-founder of the Zhou, brother of the Duke of Zhou
Shang Dynasty 商朝 The Shang Dynasty 1600 BCE - 1046 BCE
King Zhou 商纣王 Last Shang King, and a wicked one at that. Also known as Di Xin
Huangdi 皇帝 Emperor
San Huang Wu Di 三皇五帝 The mythical Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors
Shi'er Jinren 十二金人 Twelve Gold Men made from all the melted down weapons handed in from the defeated warring states
Xianyang 咸阳 Near modern day Xian. Capital of Qin
Lingnan 岭南the southern region of China comprising mostly Guangdong and Guangxi
Guangdong 广东 southernmost province of continental China and a rich one at that
Guangxi 广西 An autonomous region just west of Guangdong
Fujian 福建 Province just north of Guangdong
Baiyue百越 The Hundred Yue
Nanyue 南越 the southern Yue
Tu Sui 屠睢 Qin general who got schooled when he invaded the Lingnan region
Han Wudi 汉武帝 Great conquering emperor of the Western Han Dynasty
beifang caoyuan 北方草原 The grasslands of the north
Xiongnu 匈奴 Also referred to sometimes as the Huns, a northern nomadic people
Xiang Jiang 湘江 The Xiang River
Dongting Lake 洞庭湖 the dividing marker between Hubei and Hunan.
Guilin 桂林 Gorgeous city in Guangxi
Li Jiang 漓江 the Li River (not to be confused with the other Li River 丽江
Min 岷江 Min River in Sichuan, tamed by the Dujiangyan irrigation project
Lingqu Canal 灵渠 The Ling Canal...linked the Xiang with the Li
Qinchao Sanda Shuiligongcheng秦朝三大水利工程 The three great irrigation project of the Qin
Shi Lu史禄 Architect of the Ling Qu, the Ling Canal
zhishi fenzi知识分子 intellectuals
Huizong 宋徽宗 Song Dynasty emperor, featured in a CHP four-part series
Siku Quanshu 四库全书 The Emperor's Four Treasures, commissioned by Qianlong. 36,381 Volumes divided up into 79,000 chapters, over two million pages and about 800 million characters.
Dapingtai Village 大平台村 The village in Hebei where the Qin emperor died
Qin Èrshì 秦二世 The Second Qin Emperor
Dazexiang Uprising 大泽乡起义The first major uprising against the Qin - July to December in the year 209 BCE
Chen Sheng陈胜also known as Chen She陈涉 One of the leaders of the Dazexiang Uprising
Wu Guang 吴广 The other leader of the Dazexiang Uprising
Liu Bang 刘邦 Han Dynasty founder
Wu Xíng 五刑 The Five Pains. Tattooing the face, nose cut off, foot cut off, private parts cut off and the fifth pain for Li Si was the old Yāozhǎn. Cut in half at the waist
Ziying 子婴 The third and final Qin emperor, reigned for 46 days
Battle of Julu 钜鹿之战 fought near present day Xingtai in Hebei, Xiang Yu, leading the Chu army knocked the Qin army out clean in 207 BCE
Luoyang 洛阳 Eastern capital of the Zhou Dynasty
Sanmenxia 三门峡City in Henan in the cradle of Chinese civilization
Nanhai Commandery南海郡 The Qin office that administered the two Guang's, based near Guangzhou
Zhao Tuo 赵佗 Qin officer in charge of the Nanhai Commandery. Founded the Nanyue Kingdom
Lüshi Chunqiu 吕氏春秋 Master Lü's Spring and Autumn Annals.
banliangqian 半两钱 Qin standardized coin that weighed eight liang
banliang 半两 half a liang. 16 liang equaled a jin One Jin was 0.604 kilos or 1.3 lbs
banjin baliang 半斤八两 Our English version of six of one and a half dozen of the other.
Historic Teas of China available at Teasenz.com
The Link is here: HISTORIC TEAS OF CHINA
The Teas you get:
1. Dahongpao 大红袍 from Wuyi Mountain, Fujian
2. Tieguanyin 铁观音 from Anxi, Fujian
3. Huangshan Maofeng黄山毛峰from Huang Shan Anhui Province
4. Longjing 西湖龙井 from West Lake, Hangzhou
5. Two kinds of raw Pu-erh 普洱 tea in loose and brick form.
Two books I used prodigiously for this Qin Two-Part series: