The China History Podcast
CHP-163-Zhou Enlai Part 3

In this Part 3 episode the story of Zhou Enlai is taken all the way up to the 1943 Yan'an Rectification Campaign.  We'll look at the Zunyi Conference, the Long March, the Xian Incident and finally the ill-fated Second United Front.  At every historic moment, Zhou Enlai was there, playing a lead role.

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Ruijin   瑞金   City on Fujian-Jiangxi border

Gu Shunzhang   顾顺章 Early CCP leader and later betrayer

Xiang Zhongfa   向忠发 Early CCP leader appointed by the Comintern.

Bo Gu 博古 One of the 28 Bolsheviks and right hand to Wang Ming

Zhu De   朱德 Founder of the Red Army

Guizhou   贵州 Western province in China

Liping   黎平 City in eastern Guizhou

Guiyang Capital of Guizhou Province

Zunyi   遵义 City just north of Liping

Zunyi Huiyi The Zunyi Conference

Wang Ming   王明 Comintern appointed CCP leader and head of the 28 Bolsheviks

Zhang Wentian 张闻天 Former 28 Bolshevik and Party leader who sided with Mao

Wang Jiaxiang 王稼祥 Another former 28 Bolshevik and Party leader who sided with Mao

Yang Shangkun 杨尚昆 Major CCP leader and later President of PRC

Zhang Guotao 张国焘 CCP founding member, Mao rival and later KMT defector

Lianghekou 两河口 Place in northern Sichuan, site of the Lianghekou Meeting 6/28/1935

Maoergai 毛儿盖 Place in northern Sichuan, site of the Maoergai Meeting in August 2935.

Dadu River 大渡河 River in Sichuan, site of a famous battle during the Long March retreat

Yang Lisan   楊立三 Future PRC minister, helped carry Zhou's stretcher during the Long March

Zong Hòuqín Bù 总后勤部 Logistics and supply division of the PLA

Fu Lianzhang 傅连暲 Nelson Fu, Western trained Chinese doctor who made the Long March

Deng Yingchao 邓颖超   Wife and lifelong partner of Zhou Enlai

Yang Hucheng 杨虎城 Nationalist general commanding the Northwest Army

Dongbei Jun 东北军 The Northeast Army

Zhang Xueliang 张学良 The Young Marshal, son of Zhang Zuolin, PRC hero, ROC villain.

Shao Shi   少师 Young Marchal

Zhang Zuolin   张作霖 The Manchurian Warlord, father of Zhang Xueliang

Jiu Yi Ba 九一八 September 18, 1931 the Mukden Incident

Pu Yi 溥仪 the Last Emperor, brought out of retirement to be the figurehead of Manchukuo

Manchukuo 满洲国 Japanese puppet state set up in Manchuria

Yan'an 延安 Revolutionary base of the CCP after the Long March

Shaanxi 陕西 Northwest province of China.

Xian 西安 Site of ancient Chinese capitals and the capital of Shaanxi Province

Xinhua 新华 New China

Luoyang   洛阳 Former imperial capital from ancient times, city in Henan

Tang Xuanzong   唐玄宗 The Tang Dynasty emperor who took the dynasty to great heights

Yang Guifei 杨贵妃 Tang Xuanzong's favorite concubine

H.H. Kung 孔祥熙 Husband of Song Ailing and consummate insider into ROC politics

Song Meiling 宋美龄 Madame Chiang Kai-shek

T.V. Soong 宋子文 Brother of the Soong Sisters

Chiang Ching-kuo   蒋经国 Future ROC president and son of Chiang Kai-shek

Song Qingling   宋庆龄   Madame Sun Yat-sen

Xikou   溪口 Near Ningbo, the birthplace of Chiang Kai-shek and location of the Young Marshal's first prison.

Ba Lu Jun 八路军 The Eighth Route Army

Peng Dehuai   彭德怀 Great Red Army general

Ye Ting  叶挺 Red Army general from the early days of the revolution

Xiang Ying 项英 Early CCP organizer and leader in the New Fourth Army

Chongqing   重庆 Wartime capital of China after it was removed from Nanjing and Wuhan

Lan Ping - Jiang Qing 蓝苹 - 江青 - Madame Mao

Xinhua Ribao 新华日报 the New China Daily.

Tai'erzhuang campaign 台儿庄会战 a.k.a. The Battle of Taierzhuang. The Rep. of China's first victory over the Japanese army.

Li Zongren 李宗仁 former Guangxi warlord together with Bai Chongxi

Bai Chongxi   白崇禧 former Guangxi warlord together with Li Zongren

Wuhan   武汉 City in Hubei made up of Wuchang, Hankou and Hanyang

Bai Qiu'en 白求恩Norman Bethune

Dong Biwu   董必武 Early CCP leader and founding member

Chen Duxiu   陈独秀   CCP Co-Founder, along with Li Dazhao

Changsha 长沙 Capital of Hunan Province

Guilin 桂林 Picturesque city in Guangxi Province

Ye Jianying   叶剑英 Immortal Communist military leader and statesman

Dai Li 戴笠 Chiang Kai-shek's secret police chief

Shangguan Yunxiang   上官云相 KMT General, led the New Fourth Army Incident

Chen Yi   陈毅   Great general, Shanghai mayor, Foreign Minister

Liu Shaoqi 刘少奇 Great early CCP mover and shaker of a thousand talents. Prime target of the Cultural Revolution.

Yan'an Zhengfeng Yundong 延安整风运动 Yan'an Rectification Movement

Yundong 运动 Campaign or movement

Available for the holidays: The CHP Pu-Erh Tea - Gaiwan Gift Set

 

Also check out:

theanthill.org

"While We're Here"

earnshawbooks.com

 

and also....

Penguin Books China

 

"The Great Wall in 50 Objects" - William Lindesay

 

Shelia Melvin and Jindong Cai's "Beethoven in China: How the Composer Became an Icon in the People's Republic"

 

Direct download: CHP-163-Zhou_Enlai_Part_3.mp3
Category:Podcasts -- posted at: 7:40am PDT