Nov 29, 2016
In this episode, Laszlo explains a little about the "Gagi Nang", the 自己人, known the world over as the Teochew (Chiu Chow or Chaozhou) people. Like the Hakka people, the Teochew's were originally from the Yellow River Valley and migrated to their present location on the Guangdong coast via Fujian province.
Their language and culture is unique. Their food and Chaozhou culture is celebrated in more places than Chaozhou and not just by the people from that region. There are Chaozhounese people on every continent except maybe Antarctica.
They're a proud group of people with a collective track record that is admirable by any standards of human achievement. The only mentions in this episode were of the Teochew's of South East Asia and the US.
There are plenty of other lesser-known or unknown histories of Teochew's in Canada, Europe, Mexico, Central and South America, and of course Australia and New Zealand. The great 19th-century Chinese diaspora is filled with stories, legends, and historic events. The Chiu Chow people are a major part of everything that happened. They contributed not only to the society and the economy of their adoptive homelands, they still kept their ties with the eight districts of Chao-Shan.
TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE
Teochew People 潮州人
Gaginang 自己人 What Teochew's call themselves in their dialect ("Our People")
Hakka People 客家人
Chaozhou 潮州 Mandarin pronunciation
Chiu Chow 潮州 Cantonese pronunciation
Chaoshan 潮汕 The term for the Chaozhou-Shantou-Jieyang region
Shantou 汕头 Port city of the Chaoshan region
Swatow 汕头 Shantou in the Teochew dialect
Jieyang 揭阳 The 3rd city to make up the Chaoshan region
Meizhou 梅州 Homeland of the Hakka people, located in Guangdong
Jin Dynasty 晋朝 Dynasty that ran 265-420 CE
Jürchen Jin dynasty 金朝 The dynasty that replaced the Northern Song 1115-1234
Henan 河南 Province of China
Shanxi 山西 Province of China
Han River 韩江 One of the three rivers of Chaoshan
Huanggang River 黃冈河 One of the three rivers of Chaoshan
Rong River 榕江 One of the three rivers of Chaoshan
Wu Hu 五胡 The Five Barbarian tribes
Han Dynasty 汉朝 Ancient dynasty of China 206 BCE - 220 CE
Xiongnu 匈奴 People from the northern steppe of Central Asia
Xianbei 鲜卑 People from the northern steppe of Central Asia
Jie 羯 People from the northern steppe of Central Asia
Qiang 羌 People from the northern steppe of Central Asia (and Tibet)
Di 氐 People from the northern steppe of Central Asia
Jiangnan 江南 South of the Yangzi River (Southern China)
Tang dynasty 唐朝 Dynasty of China 618 - 907
Fujian 福建 Southeast coastal province of China
Quanzhou 泉州 City in southern Fujian
Putian 莆田 City in southern Fujian
Yuan dynasty 元朝 Mongol-run Dynasty of China 1271-1368
Guangdong province 广东 Southernmost province of continental China
Wu 沪 The dialect of Shanghai and the surrounding region
Yue 粤 The Cantonese dialect
Xiang 湘 The Hunanese dialect
Gan 赣 The dialect of the Jiangxi region
Hakka 客家 The dialect of the Hakka people
Min 闽 The dialects of Fujian
Min River 闽江 The main river of Fujian
Minbei 闽北 North of the Min River
Minnan 闽南 South of the Min River
Hokkien 福建 Pronunciation of Fujian in the local dialect (and the people of course)
Xiamen 厦门 Major city in south Fujian
Zhangzhou 漳州 Major city in south Fujian
Hoklo 福佬 Cantonese for Fujian people
Fulao 福佬 The Mandarin pronunciation of Hoklo
He Luo 河洛 (also 河老) Another way of writing Hoklo
Fujian ren 福建人 Someone from Fujian
Hoa Kieu 华侨 Overseas Chinese (Vietnamese)
Qin Shihuang 秦始皇 First emperor of China 220 - 210 BCE
Nanhai Commandery 南海郡 The 郡 or commandery located in southern Guangdong
Zhou dynasty 周朝 Ancient dynasty of China 1046 - 256 BCE
Zhao Tuo 赵陀 Former Qin general who set up the Nanyue Kingdom in Southern China and Northern Vietnam
Nanyue Kingdom 南越国 A kingdom that lasted from 204 - 111 BCE
Han Emperor Wu 汉武帝 Han Dynasty emperor whose forces conquered the Nanyue and reigned 141 - 87 BCE
Sui 隋 Dynasty in China that preceded the Tang 581 - 618 CE
Emperor Wen of Sui 隋文帝 Founding emperor of the Sui
Chao Prefecture 潮州 Set up in 590, where Chaozhou got its name
Zhou 州 An ancient name for a prefecture
Chao’an County 潮安县 Set up during the Republic of China
Wenhua 文化 culture
Qianlong emperor 乾隆帝 Qing emperor reigned 1735-1796
Taiping Rebellion 太平天国运动 Violent upheaval in China lasting from 1850-1864
She Youjin 佘有进 Seah Eu Chin 1805 - 1883 - early Singapore Teochew community leader
She 佘 A Chinese surname (rhymes with 蛇）
Yu 余 The Chiense surname Yu......but compare it to the She above.
Liu Song Dynasty 刘宋朝 Dynasty in southern China during the Nanbei Chao 420-479
Nanbei Chao 南北朝 The Southern & Northern Dynasties period
Ngee Ann Kongsi (Yi'an Gongsi) 義安公司 Charitable foundation in Singapore
Chaozhou Bayi Huiguan 潮州八邑会馆 The Singapore Eight Districts Association
Chaoshan cai 潮汕菜 Term used to describe the food of the Chaoshan region
Rougucha 肉骨茶 a kind of a Chaozhou style meat soup
Lushui E 卤水鹅 Fine tasting Chaozhou goose dish....dip it in vinegar...The Ultimate umami!
dongxie 潮州冻蟹 A kind of crab in the shell (of course) eaten cold
Yao Ming 姚明 China basketball great and NBA superstar. Also a major anti-shark's fin soup crusader.
Yulu 鱼露 Nước mắm in Vietnamese, Fish Sauce in English
Shacha Sauce 沙茶醬 made from soybean oil, shallots, dried fish, dried shrimp and a nice kick of chili and garlic. Satay sauce
Chaozhou Guotiao 潮州粿条 hủ tiếu in Vietnamese, often spelled in English "Kway Teow"
Gongfu cha 工夫茶 A kind of tea service and traditional Chaozhou tea custom.
Tieguanyin 铁观音 The preferred tea for Chaozhou style gongfu tea.
Dancong Cha 蚕丛茶 Another kind of tea from the Chaoshan region of Guangdong. Not easy to get.
Chao Ju 潮剧 Chaozhou Opera
Nanxi 南戏 Southern Drama that was popular during the Later Song
Kun Qu 昆曲 Kun opera, the oldest form of Chinese opera
Tan 陈 Teochew for Chen, the #1 most popular Teochew surname
Lim 林 Teochew for Lin, the #2 most popular Teochew surname
Ng 黄 Teochew for Huang, the #3 most popular Teochew surname
Goh 吴 Teochew for Wu, the #4 most popular Teochew surname
Tay 郑 Teochew for Zheng, the #5 most popular Teochew surname
Li 李 Teochew for Li, the #6 most popular Teochew surname
Sir Li Ka-shing 李嘉诚爵士 Featured in CHP episode 13.
Wang Jianlin 王健林 Asia's reigning champion for richest man, founder and chairman of the Dalian Wanda Group.
Guangyuan 广元 Town in northeast Sichuan province
Wu Zetian 武则天 Amazing lady from the Tang dynasty, China's only real true empress
Joseph Lau 劉鑾雄 Boss of Chinese Estates Holdings
Lim Por-yen 林百欣 Lin Baixin... Boss of the Lai Sun Group
Albert Yeung...杨受成 Yang Shoucheng The main guy at the Emperor Group
Vincent Lo... 罗康瑞 Luo Kangrui of Sino Land (who gave us Shanghai's Xintiandi)
Xie Guomin 谢国民 Dhanin Chearavanont - Thailand's richest man and CP Group boss (sorry for mispronouncing his name)
Ma Huateng 马化腾 Pony Ma, founder of Ten Cent (騰訊控股有限公司) who gave us WeChat and QQ
David Tran 陈德 Họ Trần Legendary founder of the company that gave us Sriracha sauce with the green bottle cap.
Huy Fong Foods 汇丰食品公司 David Tran's company, located in Irwindale, California
Zou ma kan hua 走马看花 To look at the flowers while riding a horse....a very superficial view.
Charles Antoine de Rouve and Jerome Scemla directed documentary La Guerre du Thé...Tea Wars
John Pomfret's new book
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